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Out of 17 … 1.Instrumental forms: Ground bass. Continuo. Cadenza. 2.Classical forms: Strophic. Through-Composed. Da capo Aria, Cyclic 3.Pop song forms:

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Presentation on theme: "Out of 17 … 1.Instrumental forms: Ground bass. Continuo. Cadenza. 2.Classical forms: Strophic. Through-Composed. Da capo Aria, Cyclic 3.Pop song forms:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Out of 17 … 1.Instrumental forms: Ground bass. Continuo. Cadenza. 2.Classical forms: Strophic. Through-Composed. Da capo Aria, Cyclic 3.Pop song forms: Middle 8. Verse chorus. 12 bar blues. 4.Structures: Binary. Ternary. Call and Response. Rondo. Arch shape 5.Classical works: Concerto. Sonata. Symphony. Suite Area of study 5 of 5 Form and Structure theme & variations minuet & trio, scherzo & trio 1.Instrumental forms 2.Classical song forms 3.Pop song forms 4.Structures 5.Classical works

2 Question – What is Ground Bass? TASK 1 Learn the bass line below. TASK 2 Play the U2 song (with or without you at random points and play the bass line. QUESTION Listen to these two excerpts what do they have in common with U2? Händel - Chaconne mit 21 Variationen G-Dur HWV onwards Ground Bass Other ideas which evolve as the piece progresses

3 The Classical concerto introduced the cadenza, a brilliant dramatic solo passage where the soloist plays and the orchestra pauses and remains silent. 1. Usually played towards the end of the first movement 2. Improvised and based on one or more themes from the first movement 3. Shows off the skills of the soloist 4. Often ends on a trill Cadenza Perform our own cadenza – Whoever the bomb explodes on will play a cadenza in C major. As the bomb explodes the music will stop. Spot the candenza – Play from beginning Spot the candenza – Play from 7.40 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov - Capriccio Espagnol, Op. 34 Tchaikovsky Piano Concerto No 1 FULL / Martha Argerich, piano - Charles Dutoit Mozart Symphony 41 C Major -- KV th Movement Molto Allegro Cadenza TASK: Continuo ONCE this has come up. The instrument that usually does the continuo is a harpsichord or low instrument like a cello.

4 Strophic Elaborating a piece of music by repetition of a single formal section. In other words Just verses no choruses. Same melody different words. Aria A solo vocal piece with instrumental accompaniment, as in an opera. Through Composed Non sectional, non repetitive. Cyclic Multiple sections or movements, in which a theme or melody, occurs in more than one movement as a unifying device. Sometimes a theme may occur at the beginning and end other times a theme occurs in a different guise in every part Mozart The Magic Flute Queen of the Night Aria Haydn-"Farewell"Symphony No.45-Mov.1/4 Berlioz - Symphonie Fantastique - March To The Scaffold VERSE 1 VERSE 2 Different words, same music VERSE 3 Different words, same music Da capo ABA Only the first 2 sections are written down. The instruction ‘da capo’ at the end of section B tells the sing to return to section A.

5 : Middle 8. Verse chorus. 12 bar blues.

6 Binary Form Ternary Form Rondo Form Research the following forms / structures. You will need to visually represent each form using the balloons provided. To help, you may wish to write on the balloon before blowing it up. Each section must have its own colour, if that section is repeated you must use the same colour. You have 15 minuets to complete the task. The winning group gets chocolate and a whole merit mark each. Task

7 Freddie mercury bit Call & Response Arch shape ???

8 esize/music/western_tradition/sonata 1.shtml

9 There are two types of concerto ; 1.A large-scale composition for an orchestra and a soloist or a group of soloists. 2.A composition for a solo instruments Concertos have three movements – fast, slow, fast. There are two types of concerto… 1. Concerto grosso is written for a group of solo instruments and a larger ensemble / Orchestra. 2. Solo concerto is written for one solo instrument and orchestra. Revision.

10 Concertos have three movements – fast, slow, fast. There are two types of concerto… Talk about Bach harpsichord concerto blah blah Revision.

11 DO ONE OF THESE!!!!! Questions Gary Moore – Parisienne walkways Intro – What 2 ornaments can be heard? Bach – Fantasia in C minor – Which Ornaments can be heard? Lord of this world – Black Sabbath – What ornament is heard in the opening unaccompanied guitar riff? GlissandoTrillPitch bendTurn GlissandoTrillPitch bendAcciaccatura TrillPortamentoMordentAcciaccatura PortamentoTurnApoggiaturaGliss BrMind blowing slide guitar blues solo – What ornament can be heard? Händel - Chaconne mit 21 Variationen G-Dur HWV Eberhard Kraus – What ornament can be heard? GlissandoTrillPitch bendAcciaccatura

12 This needs sorting big time!!!!!!! Baroque orchestra – Tomaso Albinoni Baroque uses ornamentation etc!! Theme and variation - ash/variationswcopland.html ash/variationswcopland.html

13 theme and variation A A A A A sonata Exposition (A) Development (B) Recapitulation (A 1 ) minuet & trio A B Triple time (6/8, 3/4) ‘Classical’ dance ground bass C Repeated ‘ground’ bass line, with layers added over the top. B B A A A arch-shape scherzo

14 This book covers all aspects of the AQA course from listening exam prep to composition guidance. Usually priced around £17. Recommended!! TITLE: AQA Music Authors: Andrew S. Coxon & Robert Chapman Publisher: Nelson Thornes Publishers link: :http://www.nelsonthornes.com/wps/portal/deeplink?isbn= http://www.nelsonthornes.com/wps/portal/deeplink?isbn= Cheaper options: An excellent book to prepare you for Unit 1 listening exam. Priced at £7.95 HIGHLY RECCOMMENDED! TITLE: GCSE Music Revision guide Authors: Alan Charlton Publisher: Rhinegold education Publishers link: Cheaper options:


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