Presentation on theme: "NATIONAL 5 PRELIM REVISION"— Presentation transcript:
1NATIONAL 5 PRELIM REVISION LEARNING OUTCOMESIdentify and distinguish between music concepts in excerpts of musicIdentify and understand the meaning of music signs, symbols and terms
2STYLES & FORMS BAROQUE CLASSICAL ROMANTIC ATONAL JAZZ INDIAN RAGTIME LATIN AMERICANHarpsichord, Strings, RecordersAlberti Bass, Strings,Expression, RubatoGive 2 reasons for each concept as to why you would know you were listening to that particular styleC20th, no keySyncopation, Swing, ScatTabla, SitarSyncopation, Vamp, PianoSyncopation, Percussion
3LISTEN TO THE FOLLOWING EXCERPTS OF MUSIC AND IDENTIFY THE STYLE STYLESBAROQUECLASSICALROMANTICATONALJAZZINDIANRAGTIMELATIN AMERICAN12345Give 2 reasons for your answer
4INSTRUMENTAL CONSIDER ANSWERS FOR THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS…… THERE MAY BE MORE THAN 1 POSSIBLE ANSWER.INSTRUMENTALWhat is the technique heard by the trumpets?Name the string playing technique?Rolling your R’sFLUTTER TONGUINGFANFAREARCOPIZZICATODOUBLE STOPPINGWith bowTrumpet flourishPlucked2 or more notesCAN YOU EXPLAIN THESE 5 CONCEPTS?
5INSTRUMENTALWATCH THE MGM OVERTURE AND LISTEN OUT FOR ALL THE DIFFERENT PLAYING TECHNIQUES
6Solo instrument accompanied by orchestra CONCERTO OR SYMPHONYCan you remember the difference between a concerto & symphony?Solo instrument accompanied by orchestraWork for orchestraAre you listening to a symphony or concerto?Name the solo instrument of a concerto12345CADENZAThe section within a concerto where the orchestra stops playing and the soloist shows off
7VOCAL ARIA OR RECITATIVE UNISON OR HARMONY SYLLABIC OR MELISMATIC A solo songRhythm of speechSinging the same notesSinging different notesOne note per syllableMany notes per syllableDESCRIBE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EACH PAIR OF CONCEPTS IN THE BOX ABOVENow listen to musical examples and identify the concept.
8VOCAL ARIA OR RECITATIVE UNISON OR HARMONY SYLLABIC OR MELISMATIC Now listen to musical examples and identify the concept.VOCALARIA OR RECITATIVERhythm of speechA solo songUNISON OR HARMONYSinging the same notesSinging different notesMany notes per syllableSYLLABIC OR MELISMATICOne note per syllable
9CAN YOU DESCRIBE THE FOUR CONCEPTS? MORE VOCAL CONCEPTSSTRUCTURESTYLESGAELIC PSALMSCAT SINGINGDESCANTSTROPHICDescantCAN YOU DESCRIBE THE FOUR CONCEPTS?
10SCOTTISH CONCEPTS Bagpipes Reel Clarsach Jig Waltz INSTRUMENTS SCOTTISH DANCESBagpipesClarsachReelJigWaltzListen & identify the Scottish danceWhich Scottish dance is the only dance in compound time?
11SIMPLE & COMPOUND TIMEHow would you recognise the difference between simple & compound time in an extract of music?LISTEN TO THE FOLLOWING EXTRACTS AND DECIDE WHETHER THEY ARE SIMPLE OR COMPOUND TIMEBeats divide into 2Beats divide into 3
12STRUCTURE & FORM BINARY Form TERNARY Form RONDO Form Click here A B Each letter represents a different / new section of music.To determine the structure you must listen for the return of the first section.A B AA B A C A D ANow listen to some of last years soundation structures and decide whether they are BINARY / TERNARY OR RONDO FORM
13STRUCTURE ALBERTI BASS OSTINATO RIFF Uses notes of a chord in a patternLow – high – middle - highTASKOn your keyboards try to perform an alberti bass pattern using notes of a C chord, a G chord and an F chordOSTINATOA repeated pattern (melodic or rhythmic)RIFFA repeated pattern in the bass
14Put the correct definition with the correct scale SCALESHAPPY & CHEERY SOUNDMAJOR SCALEMINOR SCALEPENTATONIC SCALEBLUES SCALECHROMATIC SCALEANY 5 NOTE SCALE (Particularly used in Scottish & Celtic music)NOTES WHICH MOVE BY A SEMITONE (every note on keyboard)USED IN BLUES & JAZZ MUSICA SAD FEEL
15CADENCES PUNCTUATION MARKS IN MUSIC A cadence consists of two chords at the end of a phraseCADENCESPUNCTUATION MARKS IN MUSICPERFECT CADENCE A musical full stopIMPERFECT CADENCE A musical comma
16What 2 musical concepts are used to describe texture? HOMOPHONICWhere all the parts play a similar rhythm at the same timeSameSoundsPOLYPHONICTwo or more musical lines which weave independently of each otherManySoundsHomophonic or Polyphonic?
17describe the difference ? RHYTHMEach time signature can be classified as simple or compound timeHow would youdescribe the difference ?
18SIMPLE OR COMPOUNDLISTEN TO THE FOLLOWING EXTRACTS AND DECIDE WHETHER THEY ARE SIMPLE OR COMPOUND TIMESIMPLEPulse can be dividedinto 2COMPOUNDPulse can be dividedinto 3