Presentation on theme: "NATIONAL 5 PRELIM REVISION LEARNING OUTCOMES Identify and distinguish between music concepts in excerpts of music Identify and understand the meaning of."— Presentation transcript:
NATIONAL 5 PRELIM REVISION LEARNING OUTCOMES Identify and distinguish between music concepts in excerpts of music Identify and understand the meaning of music signs, symbols and terms
STYLES & FORMS BAROQUE CLASSICAL ROMANTIC ATONAL JAZZ INDIAN RAGTIME LATIN AMERICAN Give 2 reasons for each concept as to why you would know you were listening to that particular style Harpsichord, Strings, Recorders Alberti Bass, Strings, Expression, Rubato C20th, no key Syncopation, Swing, Scat Tabla, Sitar Syncopation, Vamp, Piano Syncopation, Percussion
STYLES LISTEN TO THE FOLLOWING EXCERPTS OF MUSIC AND IDENTIFY THE STYLE BAROQUE CLASSICAL ROMANTIC ATONAL JAZZ INDIAN RAGTIME LATIN AMERICAN Give 2 reasons for your answer
INSTRUMENTAL Name the string playing technique? CONSIDER ANSWERS FOR THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS…… THERE MAY BE MORE THAN 1 POSSIBLE ANSWER. What is the technique heard by the trumpets? ARCO PIZZICATO DOUBLE STOPPING FLUTTER TONGUING FANFARE CAN YOU EXPLAIN THESE 5 CONCEPTS? With bow Plucked 2 or more notes Rolling your R’s Trumpet flourish
INSTRUMENTAL WATCH THE MGM OVERTURE AND LISTEN OUT FOR ALL THE DIFFERENT PLAYING TECHNIQUES
CONCERTO OR SYMPHONY Can you remember the difference between a concerto & symphony? Are you listening to a symphony or concerto? Name the solo instrument of a concerto CADENZA The section within a concerto where the orchestra stops playing and the soloist shows off Solo instrument accompanied by orchestra Work for orchestra
VOCAL ARIA OR RECITATIVE UNISON OR HARMONY SYLLABIC OR MELISMATIC DESCRIBE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EACH PAIR OF CONCEPTS IN THE BOX ABOVE Now listen to musical examples and identify the concept. A solo songRhythm of speech Singing the same notesSinging different notes One note per syllable Many notes per syllable
VOCAL ARIA OR RECITATIVE A solo song Rhythm of speech UNISON OR HARMONY Singing the same notesSinging different notes SYLLABIC OR MELISMATIC One note per syllable Many notes per syllable Now listen to musical examples and identify the concept.
MORE VOCAL CONCEPTS GAELIC PSALM SCAT SINGING STYLES STRUCTURE DESCANT STROPHIC CAN YOU DESCRIBE THE FOUR CONCEPTS? Descant
SCOTTISH CONCEPTS Bagpipes Clarsach INSTRUMENTS SCOTTISH DANCES Reel Jig Waltz Listen & identify the Scottish dance Which Scottish dance is the only dance in compound time?
SIMPLE & COMPOUND TIME How would you recognise the difference between simple & compound time in an extract of music? LISTEN TO THE FOLLOWING EXTRACTS AND DECIDE WHETHER THEY ARE SIMPLE OR COMPOUND TIME Beats divide into 2 Beats divide into 3
STRUCTURE & FORM BINARY Form TERNARY Form RONDO Form A B A B A A B A C A D A Each letter represents a different / new section of music. To determine the structure you must listen for the return of the first section. Now listen to some of last years soundation structures and decide whether they are BINARY / TERNARY OR RONDO FORM Click here
STRUCTURE ALBERTI BASS Uses notes of a chord in a pattern Low – high – middle - high OSTINATO A repeated pattern (melodic or rhythmic) RIFF A repeated pattern in the bass TASK On your keyboards try to perform an alberti bass pattern using notes of a C chord, a G chord and an F chord
SCALES MAJOR SCALE MINOR SCALE PENTATONIC SCALE BLUES SCALE CHROMATIC SCALE HAPPY & CHEERY SOUND A SAD FEEL ANY 5 NOTE SCALE (Particularly used in Scottish & Celtic music) USED IN BLUES & JAZZ MUSIC NOTES WHICH MOVE BY A SEMITONE (every note on keyboard) Put the correct definition with the correct scale
CADENCES PUNCTUATION MARKS IN MUSIC PERFECT CADENCEA musical full stop A cadence consists of two chords at the end of a phrase IMPERFECT CADENCEA musical comma
TEXTURE Where all the parts play a similar rhythm at the same time POLYPHONIC Two or more musical lines which weave independently of each other Same Sounds Many Sounds Homophonic or Polyphonic? What 2 musical concepts are used to describe texture? HOMOPHONIC
RHYTHM Each time signature can be classified as simple or compound time How would you describe the difference ?
SIMPLE OR COMPOUND LISTEN TO THE FOLLOWING EXTRACTS AND DECIDE WHETHER THEY ARE SIMPLE OR COMPOUND TIME SIMPLE Pulse can be divided into 2 COMPOUND Pulse can be divided into 3
CROSS RHYTHMS SYNCOPATION RHYTHM
TEMPO What concepts are used to describe tempo? ADAGIO ANDANTE ALLEGRO WALKING PACE FAST SLOW
CHANGE IN TEMPO What two concepts are used to describe a change in tempo? RALLENTANDO To slow down ACCELERANDO To get faster