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Classical Period 1750-1825
Sonata Cycle Four movement plan common in symphonies, sonatas, and other works of the Classical period - FSDF
Sonata Allegro Form Summary Exposition - 2 themes, 2 keys (includes a modulation from one key to the next) Development - no home key Recapitulation - home key throughout Coda - shorter section - big cadence
Classical Concerto See p. 132 Multi-movement work for a solo instrument and orchestra. Usually in 3 movements, Fast, Slow, Fast.
Classical Concerto First movement - fast What is the form?
Classical Concerto First movement - fast What is the form? Sonata Allegro
Classical Concerto Second movement - slow What is the form? Varies. Theme and variations, ABA, not standard (you don’t need to memorize this!)
Classical Concerto Third movement - Fast What is the form? Often, a Rondo.
Rondo Form A is the main theme All contrasting themes are given a letter A comes back “around” Diagram looks like: ABACABADA etc. Form of Haydn’s Trumpet Concerto 3rd movement
Opera A large-scale, multi-movement work for vocal soloists, chorus, and orchestra. It is secular (not religious), acted out on stage with scenery and costumes, performed in a theater, and sung in Italian.
2 Types of Singing Aria - the singing style in operatic works that is a "song". Action stops and characters reflect on emotion that has just occurred. Recitative - the singing style in operatic works that is the dialog/action. This type of singing is not usually very tuneful.
Libretto - the words of an opera exactly as they are set to music. The libretto is NOT a plot summary, but the lyrics of the opera (like a script to a play or movie). Literally, it means "Little book".
W.A. Mozart 1756-1791 Composed first pieces at age 5 First symphony at age 8. First opera at age 12.
Mozart’s operas Why are they considered to be the best? 1. Music is sublime. 2. Excellent plots and stories. 3. Ability to capture the emotions of the characters in the music.
Don Giovanni Libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte.
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