2Baroque The term Baroque once had a negative meaning. The name is derived from Baroque pearlspearls with unusual, odd shapesCompared to Renaissance art, it was considered to be“over-dramatic”The architecture, “overly decorated”.
4Baroque Style Baroque style is Dramatic Strong Contrast of Light and DarkDynamic CompositionArchitecture is decorative / many details
5Roman Catholic Church supported Baroque art style in response to the Protestant Reformation (movement to reform Catholic Church)communication of religious themes with viewer's direct and emotional involvementAristocracy adopted Baroque styleto impress visitors and to express triumphant power and control
6Baroque Style spread throughout Europe Italy, Holland, France, Spain, and England.
7Baroque Art –Catholic Countries: Italy, Flanders (Flemish), Spain, FranceCommon Traits that reflect the values of the time:-Gigantic religious works to display their faith’s triumph and to over-whelm and attract new worshippers.-Massive displays of wealth by absolute monarchs to enchant and impress visitors.
8Baroque Art –Catholic Countries: Italy, Flanders (Flemish), Spain, FranceWhat to look for:-Use of light – harsh light from single source to concentrate your eye (chiaroscuro but for focal point…).-Saints and miracles looking like ordinary people and events8
9Baroque Art –Catholic Countries: Italy, Flanders (Flemish), Spain, FranceWhat to look for:-Use of light – harsh light from single source to concentrate your eye (chiaroscuro but for focal point…).-Saints and miracles looking like ordinary people and events-dynamic explosion of energy – images captured at height of action-VERY voluptuous female nudes-portraits – posed to show refinement but looked “real”-huge clouds in landscapes
10Two distinct “schools” of Baroque Art: Catholic Countries: Italy, Flanders (Flemish or Austrian/Spanish Netherlands), Spain, FranceProtestant Countries: England & Holland (Dutch)
12Annibale Carracci, Loves of the Gods, 1597 – 1601, Ceiling Fresco
13Inspired by Italian Renaissance art (Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian) Commissioned by Cardinal Farnese to celebrate the wedding of his brotherVarious Gods and Humans in love“quadro riportato” – looks like framed easel paintingsInspired by Italian Renaissance art (Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian)Annibale Carracci, Loves of the Gods
16Caravaggio, Conversion of St. Paul, 1601, Oil on Canvas
17Story of Pharisee Saul converting to Christianity Appears to be an accident in the horse stable (everyday life)Caravaggio used strong light and dark / shadowy style (greatly influenced European art)Perspective and Chiaroscuro (light and shadow) used to bring the viewer closer to the event
18Caravaggio, Calling of St. Matthew, 1597 – 1601, Oil on Canvas
19Christ enters from the right to summon Levi (a Roman tax collector) to a “higher calling” Bland street scene (“normal, everyday life”)Caravaggio’s style of strong light and shadowLight as a symbol of God
32Bernini Italian Baldachin of St. Peter’s Cathedral This supreme example of Baroque art was the first masterpiece that the twenty-six year old genius, Gianlorenzo Bernini made for St. Peter's Basilica. It is impossible not to admire this fantastic, sumptuous bronze canopy supported by four spiral columns, richly decorated with gold, as it majestically rises upward. It is the largest known bronze artwork. He sent most of his life working on St. Peter’s Cathedral
33Pietro da Corton, The Triumph of Divine Providence
35Diego Valazquez,Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor),1656
36Informal family portrait Theme “Mystery of the Visual World”Young Princess in middle “Infantata”Maids in waiting helping herHer favorite dwarfs and her dogValasquez is working on large canvas (portrait of King Philip IV and Queen Mariana (reflections in mirror)Man framed in doorway
37Diego Valazquez, Surrender of Breda, 1634 – 1635,
38Made for King Philip IVSpanish Victory over Dutch in 1625Spanish troops on right (organized - victory)Dutch troops on left (disorganized – defeat)Spanish General patting the back of Dutch General
40St. Serpion - monk born in England - St. Serpion (Martyr) – tied to a tree and tortured (devotion to religion)St. Serpion - monk born in England -“commoner”De Zurbaran inspired by Caravaggio’s light and shadowFigure fills the foreground (close to viewer)
42Baroque Art –Protestant Countries: Holland (Dutch) & EnglandCommon Traits that reflect the values of the time:-Still lifes-Landscapes-Portraits-Very little to no religious imagery
43Independence from Spain Trade and Banking = Patrons of ArtProtestant rejected religious art, traded for portraits, genre scenes, and landscapes
44Rembrandt van Rijn Self-Portrait in a Cap, Etching, 1630 Created when he was a studentExercise in lighting, expressionRembrandt created at least 70 self-portraits during his lifetime (oil paintings and etchings)Rembrandt van Rijn Self-Portrait in a Cap, Etching, 1630
46Rembrandt van Rijn, Return of the Prodigal Son, 1665,
47Stillness / inward contemplation (less dramatic than Italian Baroque paintings) Humility and humanity of ChristFather and Son relationship (father forgiving Christ)Light mixed with shadowLight focused on father and son
59Rococo Means pebble, or shell Refined, fanciful, playful style fashionable in France due to Louis XIV’s pampered lifestyle.Scenes showed the luxuries and leisurely pursuits of aristocrats and the wealthyMore decorative and non-functional then Baroque
60Rococo Style Pastel colors Delicately curving forms Dainty figures, Light heartedSensual and erotic
71Compare and Contrast each “David”. Discuss the Artist, Time Period, and Materials usedDiscuss what style characteristics are evident in each piece and howdoes it compare to the others?Discuss the theme and situation that the statue portrays. HowDoes it fit in the time period?David
72Compare and Contrast Compare the artwork of Baroque and Rococo. What characteristics of style did they have in common? In contrast?What were the themes of Baroque? Of Rococo?What was going on in society when Baroque was popular?What was going on in society during the Rococo period?