2Baroque Art Rembrandt Caravaggio Rubens Bernini Major Artists sensual EncourageFaithChiascuro:ContrastbetweenStyleThemeslight anddarkCapture"Catholic Art”action andemotion
3Baroque1600 – 1750.From a Portuguese word “barocca”, meaning “a pearl of irregular shape.”Implies strangeness, irregularity, and extravagance.The more dramatic, the better!Marries advanced techniques and grand scale of the Renaissance w/ the emotion, intensity and drama of Mannerism
4Baroque Style of Art & Architecture Dramatic, emotional.Colors were brighter than bright; darks were darker than dark.Counter-Reformation art.Paintings & sculptures in church contexts should speak to the illiterate rather than to the well-informed.Ecclesiastical art --> appeal to emotions.
5St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City by Gianlorenzo Bernini
61600 Catholic popes finance magnificent cathedrals and grand works Why?Counter-Reformation’s triumphAttract new worshippers w/ “must-see” architecture
7In France Absolute monarchs use it to glorify themselves Power and grandeur of the king is most impressive
8Catholics vs. Protestants Flanders:CatholicReligious art flourishesRubensEngland and HollandProtestantReligion images forbiddenStill-lifes, portraits, landscapes, themes from daily lifeRembrandt
18“The Elevation of the Cross” by Peter Paul Reubens 1610-11
19Descent from the Cross 1612 Ominously dark sky Christ is central figureTragic themeSpot-light on ChristEmotionalPowerful
20“The Ecstasy of St. Theresa of Avila” by Gianlorenzo Bernini 1647-52
21More on St.Theresa St. Theresa: saw vision and heard voices Pieced by angel’s dart filling her with divine love“The pain was so great that I screamed aloud; but at the same time I felt such infinite sweetness that I wished the pain to last forever.”Your reaction?