Presentation on theme: "Baroque Art Major Artists Bernini Rembrandt Rubens Caravaggio Style Themes Encourage Faith "Catholic Art sensual Capture action and emotion Chiascuro:"— Presentation transcript:
Baroque Art Major Artists Bernini Rembrandt Rubens Caravaggio Style Themes Encourage Faith "Catholic Art sensual Capture action and emotion Chiascuro: Contrast between light and dark
Baroque 1600 – From a Portuguese word barocca, meaning a pearl of irregular shape. Implies strangeness, irregularity, and extravagance. The more dramatic, the better! Marries advanced techniques and grand scale of the Renaissance w/ the emotion, intensity and drama of Mannerism
Baroque Style of Art & Architecture Dramatic, emotional. Colors were brighter than bright; darks were darker than dark. Counter-Reformation art. Paintings & sculptures in church contexts should speak to the illiterate rather than to the well- informed. Ecclesiastical art --> appeal to emotions.
St. Peters Basilica, Vatican City by Gianlorenzo Bernini
1600 Catholic popes finance magnificent cathedrals and grand works Catholic popes finance magnificent cathedrals and grand works Why? Why? Counter-Reformations triumph Counter-Reformations triumph Attract new worshippers w/ must-see architecture Attract new worshippers w/ must-see architecture
In France Absolute monarchs use it to glorify themselves Absolute monarchs use it to glorify themselves Power and grandeur of the king is most impressive Power and grandeur of the king is most impressive
Catholics vs. Protestants Flanders: Flanders: Catholic Catholic Religious art flourishes Religious art flourishes RubensRubens England and Holland England and Holland Protestant Protestant Religion images forbidden Religion images forbidden Still-lifes, portraits, landscapes, themes from daily life Still-lifes, portraits, landscapes, themes from daily life RembrandtRembrandt
Church of Santiago de Compostella, Spain
Church of Veltenberg Altar, Germany
Interior of a Dominican Church in Vilnius
Calling of St. Matthew Caravaggio Ordinary people, everyday events. Faith open to all!
The Cardsharps Caravaggio, 1595
Christ on the Cross Diego Velázquez, 1632
Las Meninas Diego Velázquez 1656
Valazquez, Pope Innocent X
Francis Bacon, 1953
The Elevation of the Cross by Peter Paul Reubens
Descent from the Cross 1612 Ominously dark sky Christ is central figure Tragic theme Spot-light on Christ Emotional Powerful
The Ecstasy of St. Theresa of Avila by Gianlorenzo Bernini
More on St.Theresa St. Theresa: saw vision and heard voices Pieced by angels dart filling her with divine love The pain was so great that I screamed aloud; but at the same time I felt such infinite sweetness that I wished the pain to last forever. Your reaction?
Vermeer Protestant or Catholic? WHY?
Rembrandt The Nightwatch The Nightwatch
A Bust of Louis XIV by Bernini
A Bust of Cardinal Richelieu by Bernini
Louis XIV Hyacinthe Rigauld
The greatest David (at least in Peris humble opinion)
Bernini, The Rape of Proserpine How do you do this in marble?