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AREA SECURITY OPERATIONS Military Police Functions Maneuver and Mobility Support Operations Support River Crossing, Breaching Operations, Passage of.

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Presentation on theme: "AREA SECURITY OPERATIONS Military Police Functions Maneuver and Mobility Support Operations Support River Crossing, Breaching Operations, Passage of."— Presentation transcript:

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2 AREA SECURITY OPERATIONS

3 Military Police Functions Maneuver and Mobility Support Operations Support River Crossing, Breaching Operations, Passage of Lines Straggler Control and Dislocated Civilian Route Reconnaissance/Surveillance MSR Regulation Enforcement Area Security Reconnaissance Operations Area Damage Control Base/Air Base Defense Response Force/TCF Operations Critical Site, Asset, High-Risk Personnel Sec. Force Protection/Physical Security Antiterrorism Police Intelligence Operations Support Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield Police Information Assessment Process Active and Passive Role Information Collection and Dessemination Joint, Interagency, Multinational Coordination Law and Order (L&O) Operations Law Enforcement Criminal Investigations US Customs Operations Related Law and Order Training Internment and Resettlement Operations EPW/CI Handling U.S. Military Prisoner Handling Populace and Resource Control (PRC) Dislocated Civilian FM PAGE 3-1

4 Outline Threat / Threat PurposeThreat / Threat Purpose Rear AreaRear Area Reconnaissance OperationsReconnaissance Operations Area Damage ControlArea Damage Control Base / Air Base DefenseBase / Air Base Defense Response Force / TCF OperationsResponse Force / TCF Operations Critical Site, Asset, High-Risk Personnel SecurityCritical Site, Asset, High-Risk Personnel Security Force Protection / Physical SecurityForce Protection / Physical Security AntiterrorismAntiterrorism

5 AREA SECURITY INHERENT TASKS DelayDelay HastyAmbush/AttackHastyAmbush/Attack Movement to ContactMovement to Contact Battle Handover to the TCFBattle Handover to the TCF Call for FireCall for Fire

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7 THREAT PURPOSE The purpose of the threat is to seize and maintain the initiative while degrading or eliminating the enemy’s flexibility and capability to sustain both close and deep fights. FM PAGE 3-1

8 REAR OPERATIONS THREAT (LEVEL I : Those which can be defeated by Base or Base-Cluster self-defense measures. (LEVEL II : Those which are beyond base or base-cluster self-defense, and can be defeated by response forces, normally MP with supporting fires. (LEVEL III: Beyond Response Force Ability, must commit the TCF.

9 THREAT TARGETS § Nuclear Storage and Delivery Systems § Command and Control Facilities § ADA Sites § Airfields § Critical Support and Logistics Facilities § Main Supply Routes § Reserves

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11 xxxxxx XXXX X X FLOTFLOT FEBAFEBA BDE DIVCORPS COMMZ COMBAT ZONE MAIN BATTLE AREA XXXX X X X X X REAR AREA LAYOUT

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13 BASE/BASE CLUSTERS DESIGNATION UNITS DESIGNATED BY RAOC AS :UNITS DESIGNATED BY RAOC AS : –Base 4Units or multi-unit positions with definite perimeters. –Base Cluster 4Grouping of bases based on mission and security requirements 4Lacks clearly defined perimeter

14 BASE AND BASE CLUSTERS BASE CLUSTER DRAGON WARFIGHTER BASE WOLF BASE LIGHTFIGHTER BASE WARRIOR BASE

15 Key Concerns: –Mutually Supporting –Level I Defense –24 Hour Operations –Fratricide Prevention –Reconnaissance and Surveillance Execution –Survivability Measures –Event Mitigation Planning, I.e. Fire Fighting, Natural Disasters, Mass Casualty, Chemical- Biological Decontamination, Displacements Base Development Considerations

16 Area of Responsibility Defense Plan Development 72 Hours Corps Order RAOC AOR Defense Plan Clusters Develop Cluster Plan RAOC approves Rolls into AOR CRCP Bases develop Base Defense Plan 24 Hours 48 Hours

17 REAR OPERATIONS BASE (CLUSTER) DEFENSE PLANS REAR CP DESIGNATES COMMANDER FOR EACH BASE OR BASE CLUSTERREAR CP DESIGNATES COMMANDER FOR EACH BASE OR BASE CLUSTER SENIOR COMMANDER COMMANDS BASE CLUSTERSENIOR COMMANDER COMMANDS BASE CLUSTER COMMANDERS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR:COMMANDERS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR: POSITIONING UNITS IN THEIR AORPOSITIONING UNITS IN THEIR AOR IPB OF THEIR AORIPB OF THEIR AOR DEVELOPMENT OF A SELF-DEFENSE PLANDEVELOPMENT OF A SELF-DEFENSE PLAN

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19 HFORWARDED TO MP CONDUCTING AREA SECURITY OR MMS IN THE BASE/BASE CLUSTER AO HFORWARDED TO QRF HFORWARDED TO REAR CP/RAOC/RTOC HCOORDINATED WITH ADJACENT BASES OR CLUSTERS TO MAXIMIZE MUTUAL SUPPORT HCOMMANDERS ESTABLISH 24 HOUR OPERATION CENTERS (BCOC/BDOC) HIN THE TA BASE DEFENSE COORDINATION TEAMS (BDCT’S) ASSIST IN REAR AREA DEFENSE PLANNING

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21 PRIORITY INTELLIGENCE REQUIREMENTS/INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS Examples of PIR’s: Any Enemy Size Force, NBC Contaminated Area, Assassinations, Breach of Base Security measures, and Criminal Activity.Examples of PIR’s: Any Enemy Size Force, NBC Contaminated Area, Assassinations, Breach of Base Security measures, and Criminal Activity. Examples of IR’s: Damage to roads, Locations of DZ’s/LZ’s, Possible Ambush Sites, Hospitals, External Fuel Sites, Water Sites, etc.Examples of IR’s: Damage to roads, Locations of DZ’s/LZ’s, Possible Ambush Sites, Hospitals, External Fuel Sites, Water Sites, etc.

22 RECONNAISSANCE MISSIONS 4ZONE RECONNAISSANCE 4AREA RECONNAISSANCE “As part of their area security mission, MP serve as the eyes and ears of the battlefield commander by seeking out enemy and reporting information obtained by recon patrols.” FM PAGE 4-7

23 FUNDAMENTALS OF RECONNAISSANCE  REMAIN FOCUSED ON THE OBJECTIVE  REPORT QUICKLY AND ACCURATELY  RETAIN FREEDOM TO MANEUVER  GAIN AND MAINTAIN CONTACT  DEVELOP THE SITUATION RAPIDLY

24 ZONE RECONNAISSANCE Zone Reconnaissance is a directed effort to obtain detailed information concerning all route, obstacles, terrain, and enemy forces within a zone defined by boundaries. Zone Reconnaissance is a directed effort to obtain detailed information concerning all route, obstacles, terrain, and enemy forces within a zone defined by boundaries.

25 ZONE RECONNAISSANCE êBEST USED WHEN INITIALLY DEPLOYING INTO AN AREA êMOST TIME CONSUMING TYPE OF RECONNAISSANCE êCOMMANDERS CRITICAL INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS

26 3 METHODS OF ZONE RECON FANFAN CONVERGING ROUTESCONVERGING ROUTES SUCCESSIVE SECTORSUCCESSIVE SECTOR

27 ORP ORP PLANNED ROUTES RESERVE FAN METHOD ORP

28 CONVERGING ROUTES ORP TO FRIENDLY LINES

29 SUCCESSIVESECTOR SUCCESSIVE SECTOR ORP RENDEZVOUSPOINT/ORPs

30 RECONNAISSANCEELEMENTS ZONE RECON PATROL PATROL HQ RECON ELEMENT ELEMENT RECONELEMENT RECONELEMENT

31 AREARECONNAISSANCE AREA RECONNAISSANCE Area Reconnaissance is a directed effort to obtain detailed information concerning the terrain or enemy activity within a prescribed area such as a town, ridge line, woods, or other feature critical to operations Area Reconnaissance is a directed effort to obtain detailed information concerning the terrain or enemy activity within a prescribed area such as a town, ridge line, woods, or other feature critical to operations

32 AREA RECON òGAIN SPECIFIC INFORMATION òMAINTAIN SURVEILLANCE òCOMMANDER’S CRITICAL INFORMATION REQUIREMENT òSIZE OF THE ELEMENT TO UTILIZE

33 S S S S S SECURITY SECURITY RECONELEMENT RECONELEMENT OBJ AREA RECONNAISSANCE

34 RECONNAISSANCEELEMENTS AREA RECON PATROL PATROL HQ RECON ELEMENT ELEMENT SECURITY SECURITY ELEMENT ELEMENT

35 FM PAGE 4-8

36 ADC Measures taken before, during and after hostile action,man-made or natural disasters to: Reduce probability of damage Regulate MSRs Aid in continuation or reestablishment of normal operations Control refugees and provide local security

37 ADC Operations Panama LA Riots Hurricane Andrew West Coast Fires Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo

38 FM PAGE 4-8

39 BASE AND BASE CLUSTERS BASE CLUSTER DRAGON WARFIGHTER BASE WOLF BASE LIGHTFIGHTER BASE WARRIOR BASE “The MP is the base and base cluster commander’s link for detection, early warning, and employment against enemy attacks. Base defense is the cornerstone of rear security”. FM PAGE 4-8

40 AIR BASE GROUND DEFENSE (ABGD) Local security measures, both normal and emergency, required to nullify and reduce the effectiveness of the enemy ground attack directed against USAF bases and installations. Local security measures, both normal and emergency, required to nullify and reduce the effectiveness of the enemy ground attack directed against USAF bases and installations.

41 ABGD OBJECTIVE The objective of ABGD is to prevent the degradation of sortie generation by detecting and disrupting the enemy ground forces far enough from the base to prevent the use of stand off or direct fire weapons. ABGD Requires: MP to have special coordination with the USAF MP to have special coordination with the USAF MP to treat ABGD like any other base or base cluster MP to treat ABGD like any other base or base cluster

42 AIR FORCE AOR Air Base Perimeter and inside Air Base Perimeter and inside 3-5 KM out to include perimeter 3-5 KM out to include perimeter METT-TC Driven METT-TC Driven

43 ARMY AOR 3-5 KM forward of Air Force AOR 3-5 KM forward of Air Force AOR Deliberate Defense Measures Deliberate Defense Measures METT-TC Driven METT-TC Driven Command Relationship Command Relationship

44 AVAILABLE FORCES ABGD FORCES (security forces)ABGD FORCES (security forces) RESPONSE FORCES (MP)RESPONSE FORCES (MP) TACTICAL COMBAT FORCESTACTICAL COMBAT FORCES TRANSIENT FORCESTRANSIENT FORCES

45 USAF SECURITY FORCE WING CDR WING CDR MSN SPT CDR MSN SPT CDR GRP CDR CSP GRP CDR CSP SQNX3 FLT FLTX3 X3 K9 K9 MORTAR MORTARX3 O-7 O-6 O-6 O-4/O-6

46 FM PAGE 4-8

47 REAR OPERATIONS THREAT (LEVEL I : Those which can be defeated by Base or Base-Cluster self-defense measures. (LEVEL II : Those which are beyond base or base-cluster self-defense, and can be defeated by response forces, normally MP with supporting fires. (LEVEL III: Beyond Response Force Ability, must commit the TCF.

48 RESPONSE FORCES USUALLY MILITARY POLICE !! OTHER POSSIBILITIES OTHER POSSIBILITIES CHEMICALENGINEERS ELEMENT OF TCF HN FORCES RECONSTITUTING UNIT TRANSITIONING COMBAT FORCES

49 RESPONSE FORCES MISSIONS Movement to Contact Hasty Ambush Hasty Attack Delays Call for Fire Repel attacks against and defend Critical Sites

50 RESPONSE FORCE CONSIDERATIONS Defense Capability at Each Base Defense Capability at Each Base Location of Obstacles and Mines Location of Obstacles and Mines Communication Procedures Communication Procedures Deceptions Plan and Capability for Each Base Deceptions Plan and Capability for Each Base

51 RESPONSE FORCE COORDINATION Location and Type of Fire Support Location and Type of Fire Support Signals for FPF Signals for FPF Locations of Planned Fire Missions(TRPs) Locations of Planned Fire Missions(TRPs) Procedures for Contacting the BDOC Procedures for Contacting the BDOC Locations of LPs/ OPs, Patrols and Contact Points Locations of LPs/ OPs, Patrols and Contact Points Location and Type of Aviation Support Location and Type of Aviation Support

52 TACTICAL COMBAT FORCE þ Designated by the G-3 þ Normally a Combined Arms organization þ Normally the TCF receives fire support, aviation support and any other support needed þ Once TCF is designated it establishes liaison with rear CP and response force (MP) þ The TCF will develop its own IPB FM PAGE 3-9

53 Direct Coordination with MPs for Intelligence and Contingency Plans Direct Coordination with MPs for Intelligence and Contingency Plans TCF Commitment is a Command Decision TCF Commitment is a Command Decision Command Relationship is OPCON to TCF CDR Command Relationship is OPCON to TCF CDR Battle Hand Over, Blocking Positions, and Passage of Lines are ImpliedTasks Battle Hand Over, Blocking Positions, and Passage of Lines are ImpliedTasks The Military Police Brigade is capable The Military Police Brigade is capable of conducting TCF missions only when properly of conducting TCF missions only when properly augmented augmented TACTICAL COMBAT FORCE and THE MP

54 FM PAGE 4-9

55 SECURITY OF CRITICAL SITES AND ASSETS “MP performs their area security function across the entire designated AO. When MP provides security around a critical site or asset they usually provide a mobile security screen, taking advantage of its weapons/communications platforms.” FM PAGE 4-9 TASKS PATROLS, RECONNAISSANCE CHECKPOINTS LISTENING/OBSERVATION POST ACCESS-CONTROL POINTS RESPONSE FORCE OPERATIONS IN-TRANSIT SECURITY FOR CP RELOCATION CONVOY SECURITY

56 HIGH-RISK-PERSONNEL SECURITY

57 PSD Organization I Principal and the Protective Service Detail I PSD Team * Detail Leader * Personal Security Officer (PSO) * Advance and Protective Team (Residence and Baggage Watch) - I PSD Team * Detail Leader * Personal Security Officer (PSO) * Advance and Protective Team (Residence and Baggage Watch) - Individuals may be in several teams

58 PSD Fundamentals I Planning -- Two Stages * Written Personal Security Plan (Detail LDR) * On-site Survey (ADV TM) I Army Concept -- Based on “defense in depth” Principal Inner Cordon Middle Cordon Outer Cordon I Army Concept -- Based on “defense in depth” Principal Inner Cordon Middle Cordon Outer Cordon

59 Planning Considerations I Threat Collection and Analysis I Principal’s Itinerary I Route Reconnaissance I Evacuation Plan I HN/Local Officials I Three Areas of Protection * On-foot, On-site, and during travel. (On-foot most critical!!!)

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62 QUESTIONS ?


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