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P3. »Research task: In pairs Locate all major muscles on your partner and be ready to know what each muscle is also known as & does. biceps triceps deltoids.

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Presentation on theme: "P3. »Research task: In pairs Locate all major muscles on your partner and be ready to know what each muscle is also known as & does. biceps triceps deltoids."— Presentation transcript:

1 P3

2 »Research task: In pairs Locate all major muscles on your partner and be ready to know what each muscle is also known as & does. biceps triceps deltoids pectorals rectus abdominus quadriceps. These must be split into: o rectus femoris o vastus lateralis o vastus medialis o vastus intermedius) hamstrings. These must split into: · semimembranosus · semitendinosus · biceps femoris biceps triceps deltoids pectorals rectus abdominus quadriceps. These must be split into: o rectus femoris o vastus lateralis o vastus medialis o vastus intermedius) hamstrings. These must split into: · semimembranosus · semitendinosus · biceps femoris gastrocnemius soleus tibialis anterior erector spinae teres major trapezius latissimus dorsi obliques gluteus maximus gastrocnemius soleus tibialis anterior erector spinae teres major trapezius latissimus dorsi obliques gluteus maximus

3 » Lower body: » Anterior view » Lower body: » Anterior view Quadriceps: Rectus Femoris vastus Intermedius Vastus Lateralis Vastus Medialis Tibialis anterior

4 » Posterior View (back) » Lower body » Posterior View (back) » Lower body Gluteus Maximus Hamstrings: Semimembranosus Semitendinosus Biceps Femoris Gastrocnemius Soleus

5 » Upper body anterior view Biceps Triceps Deltoids Pectoralis Major Rectus Abdominus Obliques

6 » Upper body posterior view Teres Major Trapezius- Upper back Latisimus Dorsi- Lower Back Erector spinae

7 Copy and complete the tables…

8 types of muscle » There are three types of muscle ; » Cardiac- in-voluntary the muscle that encompass the heart » Smooth- in-voluntary » Skeletal- voluntary Provides Human Movement, attached to the skeleton by tendons types of muscle » There are three types of muscle ; » Cardiac- in-voluntary the muscle that encompass the heart » Smooth- in-voluntary » Skeletal- voluntary Provides Human Movement, attached to the skeleton by tendons Divide the class into 3 (Cardiac/Smooth and Skeletal muscle): - Find a couple of images of the muscle - Say what this type of muscle does - Give a few examples Divide the class into 3 (Cardiac/Smooth and Skeletal muscle): - Find a couple of images of the muscle - Say what this type of muscle does - Give a few examples Be prepared to feedback your findings to the class…

9 The heart has its own muscle tissue called Cardiac/ Myocardium muscle. It is an Involuntary muscle: as it has its own nerve supply. It works by sending nerve impulses through the cells and fibres within the muscle. Function Function: the function of the myocardium is to pump blood around the body. It beats 60-80 times a minute Function Function: the function of the myocardium is to pump blood around the body. It beats 60-80 times a minute

10 Also an involuntary muscle as they are out of out CONSCIOUS control. Found in the digestive system (large and small intestine), Circulatory system (artery and vein walls) and Urinary system. Smooth muscle contracts consecutively ( peristaltic action), producing a wavelike effect. E.G. when food is passed through the digestive system it is slowly squeezed through the intestines.

11 It is under voluntary control as we decide when to contract the muscles and produce movement. Co-ordinated contractions of the skeletal muscle allow us to move smoothly and produce sports skills. Over 700 skeletal muscles make up 40% of our body weight (slightly less for females). Skeletal muscle is responsible for the following functions: -Produce movement -Maintaining body posture -Generate heat for warmth What else? Skeletal muscle is responsible for the following functions: -Produce movement -Maintaining body posture -Generate heat for warmth What else? Muscle that is attached to the skeleton across joints…

12 location 1)For P3, identify the location of the named muscles (across) three types 2)Including the three types of muscle. Major muscles: Biceps Triceps Deltoids Pectoralis major Rectus abdominis Thigh Muscles: Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, semimembranosus, semitendinosus, biceps femoris Gastrocnemius Soleus Tibialis anterior Erector spinae Teres major Trapezius Latissimus dorsi Obliques Gluteus maximus Major muscles: Biceps Triceps Deltoids Pectoralis major Rectus abdominis Thigh Muscles: Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, semimembranosus, semitendinosus, biceps femoris Gastrocnemius Soleus Tibialis anterior Erector spinae Teres major Trapezius Latissimus dorsi Obliques Gluteus maximus Types of muscle: Cardiac, Skeletal, Smooth


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