Presentation on theme: "Creating the trenches… -How they looked -Inside the trench -Tools used Dangers in the trenches… -What the trenches were like… the worst part of trench."— Presentation transcript:
Creating the trenches… -How they looked -Inside the trench -Tools used Dangers in the trenches… -What the trenches were like… the worst part of trench life etc. -How the soldiers died in the trenches…snipers, hunger etc. -The diseases and problems within the trenches… lice, rats etc. Days in the trenches… -Time spent in the trenches -Duties in the trenches -Food/ Food supplies
How they Looked In the beginning A trench system Zig-zagged formation Length and width Trench formation
Inside the Trenches Fire-step Duckboards Dugouts/funk holes Latrines Inside the trenches...
Building it Entrenching tool Song --> “O,O,O it’s a lovely war! What do we want with eggs and ham? When we have plum and apple jam Form fours, night turn How shall we spend the money we earn? O,O,O it’s a lovely war!” The Entrenching tool
What the Trenches were Like… The trenches were filled with water Constant mud Duckboards Latrines Trench grounds in winter and autumn Dead bodies The amount of water and mud in the trenches
How the Soldiers Died… Falling off duckboards and into the mud Buried alive Suicide Enemy snipers Diseases Lack of food Trench walls collapsed Dead soldiers on the ground Soldiers picking up bodies from No Man’s Land
The Diseases and Problems… Trench foot The pyrrexhia or trench fever Lice Rats Dysentery Soldiers sick from a diseases Soldiers sick while in there trenches
Time spent in the trenches… Of a 32 Day period: 8 days in a front line trench, 8 days in a reserve trench and 16 days away from the front, in a small town or village nearby. A British soldiers year could be divided as : 15% front line, 10% support line, 30% reserve line, 20% rest, and 25% other. ( hospital, traveling, leave etc.) Everything could be changed if there’s and offensive attack. Soldiers could spend up to 6 weeks in the front line trenches before they could take a break. Time in the trenches alternated with long periods of boredom, and short periods of fear. Soldiers quiet time Soldiers looking over there trench. Soldiers during there rest period.
Duties in the Trenches Soldiers had to replace the barbed wire, repair the flooded trenches, and clean the latrines. These duties were all called “fatigues” The maintenance and expansion of the barbed wire fences and the trenches was done at dark, when it was harder to be detected. ****The work done at night … Most of there work was done at night when patrols were sent out to observe and check out on the enemy trenches, and the repair of their own front – line and gather of create/prepare other defenses. On breaks from fighting in the trenches, the soldiers were assigned different duties such as moving supplies or helping to repair things. Soldiers working with there trenches Soldiers switching from line to line.
Food & Food Supplies Soldiers daily meal Front line meals Receiving fresh food The food was delivered in straw-lined boxes Emergency food / Iron rations Amount of calories received each day Rum Emergency food / iron rations… 7 different supplies A painting of 2 soldiers trying to prepare some warm food.
BIBLIOGRAPHY… Adams, Simon. World War 1. United States,NY : DK Publishing Inc, 2004 No name. “Trench Warfare.” World War 1. Oct 2, 2006. Pictures… - http://www.historyguide.org/images/ww1.jpg - http://www.firstworldwar.com/diaries/graphics/trenchperiscope.jpg - http://www.usask.ca/communications/ocn/03-mar-07/images/trenches.jpg - http://www.uh.edu/engines/trench2.jpg - http://www.pap-to-pass.org/clip_image002_0000.jpg - http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/40661000/jpg/_40661889_trenches_ap203.jpg - http://ux1.eiu.edu/~nekey/gifsplus/british/trenches.jpg - http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/0/0a/300px-Trencheswwi2.jpg - http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWfoot.jpg - http://www.caterham.redbridge.sch.uk/history/trench/tw/setup2.jpg