3Life in the TrenchesFront line trenches faced each other across no-man’s land.They were often wet and rat infested.A tour in the trenches usually lasted six days followed by twelve days of respite behind the lines.ENEMYAMMUNITIONFIRESTEPDUCKBOARDS
4Life in the Trenches IIAt night patrols were sent out across no-man’s land to probe enemy defenses and cut his barbed wire.Dawn often brought attacks when men were ordered “over the top.”Once into the open ground of no-man’s land they were cut down by machine gun and artillery fire.The wounded were often left to die where they fell.
5It reached peak brutality and bloodshed on the Western Front in the First World War.
25These led nowhere and were built to confuse and slow down the enemy Blind AlleysThese led nowhere and were built to confuse and slow down the enemy
26Underground “Saps”These tunnels were dug under enemy trenches so that explosives could be placed under them and detonated
27attackers couldn’t cross “no man’s land” fast enough to avoid casualties
28“no man’s land” varied in distance depending on the battlefield “no man’s land” varied in distance depending on the battlefield. On the Western Front it was typically between 100 and 300 yards, though only 30 yards on Vimy Ridge.
29Small trenches rapidly grew deeper and more complex, gradually becoming vast areas of interlocking defensive worksBritish trenchesGerman trenches
38At the age of 92, Arthur Savage was asked about his memories of life on the Western Front. “My memories are of sheer terror and the horror of seeing men sobbing because they had trench foot that had turned gangrenous. They knew they were going to lose a leg.
39Memories of lice in your clothing driving you crazy Memories of lice in your clothing driving you crazy. Filth and lack of privacy. Of huge rats that showed no fear of you as they stole your food rations. And cold deep wet mud everywhere.
40And of course, corpses. I'd never seen a dead body before I went to war. But in the trenches the dead are lying all around you. You could be talking to the fellow next to you when suddenly he'd be hit by a sniper and fall dead beside you. And there he‘d stay for days.”
41A picture of soldiers going The Government wanted to encourage men to enlist for war.They said the war would be safe, hardly any fighting, a good game and over by Christmas.They used advertising posters to encourage this idea!A picture of soldiers going‘Over the Top’
42The reality of ‘going over the top’ was very different!
43Soldiers were expected to carry all of their equipment with them at all times. They were supposed to keep it clean and in good condition.
44How the uniform and equipment changed after just three weeks in the trenches…
45Posters always showed men ready and willing to fight. They never showed the boredom of the trenches or actual fighting taking place.Why do you think the government showed no fighting?
51The soldiers had very little decent food, and what food they had was often attacked by rats. These rats were the size of small rabbits and badgers because they had fed on the decomposing bodies of dead soldiers.