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US Army Natick Soldier Research, Development & Engineering Center The Science Behind the Warfighter: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow AMCRDECOM UNCLASSIFIED.

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Presentation on theme: "US Army Natick Soldier Research, Development & Engineering Center The Science Behind the Warfighter: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow AMCRDECOM UNCLASSIFIED."— Presentation transcript:

1 US Army Natick Soldier Research, Development & Engineering Center The Science Behind the Warfighter: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow AMCRDECOM UNCLASSIFIED Natick Update Maurice Larrivee Natick Soldier RDE Center Natick Soldier Systems Center American Apparel and Footwear Association March 15 th, 2007

2 UNCLASSIFIED 2 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow National Protection Center National Protection Center Operations and Customer Interface LTC William Garland (508) Operations and Customer Interface LTC William Garland (508) Natick Soldier Center Organization Office of the Director Mr. Philip Brandler, Director, (508) Ms. Colleen Cathcart, Associate Director, (508) Mr. Edward Crivello, Executive Assistant, (508) Office of the Director Mr. Philip Brandler, Director, (508) Ms. Colleen Cathcart, Associate Director, (508) Mr. Edward Crivello, Executive Assistant, (508) Individual Protection Mr. Robert Kinney (508) Individual Protection Mr. Robert Kinney (508) Airdrop/Aerial Delivery Mr. Edward Doucette (508) Airdrop/Aerial Delivery Mr. Edward Doucette (508) DOD Combat Feeding Mr. Gerald Darsch (508) DOD Combat Feeding Mr. Gerald Darsch (508) Collective Protection Mr. Frank Kostka (508) Collective Protection Mr. Frank Kostka (508) Future Force Warrior Ms. Carol Fitzgerald (703) Future Force Warrior Ms. Carol Fitzgerald (703) Supporting Science &Technology Dr. John Gassner (508) Supporting Science &Technology Dr. John Gassner (508) Technology & Program Integration Mr. Donald Wajda (508) Technology & Program Integration Mr. Donald Wajda (508) Teams 40 Teams 7 Directorates 7 Directorates Business Development Management Team Mr. Arnie Boucher (508) Business Development Management Team Mr. Arnie Boucher (508) Military Liaison to ISN at MIT LTC William Garland Military Liaison to ISN at MIT LTC William Garland

3 UNCLASSIFIED 3 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow INDIVIDUAL PROTECTION DIRECTORATE IPD Director Mr. Kinney IPD Director Mr. Kinney Joint Shield Cell Ms. Marie Jean-Pierre Mr. Cleve Heath Ms. Amy Brayshaw Joint Shield Cell Ms. Marie Jean-Pierre Mr. Cleve Heath Ms. Amy Brayshaw DSCP Liaison Ms. Harris DSCP Liaison Ms. Harris Textile Performance Evaluation Ms Santos Textile Performance Evaluation Ms Santos Design & Prototype Ms Cumming-Rowell Design & Prototype Ms Cumming-Rowell Engineering Development & Support Mr Proulx Engineering Development & Support Mr Proulx Load Individual Equipment Mr. Kirk Load Individual Equipment Mr. Kirk Dress Clothing Ms Moriarty Dress Clothing Ms Moriarty Ballistics Mr. Moody Ballistics Mr. Moody Handwear/Footwear Ms. Crivello Handwear/Footwear Ms. Crivello Configuration Mgmt. Ms. Crivello Configuration Mgmt. Ms. Crivello Department Homeland Security Department Homeland Security Future Force Warrior Team Future Force Warrior Team National Protection Center National Protection Center Engineering, Prototype & Performance Evaluation Team Mr. Devarakonda Engineering, Prototype & Performance Evaluation Team Mr. Devarakonda Marine Corps Liaison Marine Corps Liaison Integrated Systems & Chemical Bio Integrated Systems & Chemical Bio Acquisition Support Team Mr. Smedstad Acquisition Support Team Mr. Smedstad Materials Tech and Readiness Team Mr. Larrivee Materials Tech and Readiness Team Mr. Larrivee SOF Special Projects Team Mr. McDonald SOF Special Projects Team Mr. McDonald Army Soldier Systems Engineering Team Mr. Brennick Army Soldier Systems Engineering Team Mr. Brennick SOF Special Projects Team – Project Mgr. Mr. Chan SOF Special Projects Team – Project Mgr. Mr. Chan Ballistics Tech Team Ms. Ward Ballistics Tech Team Ms. Ward Advanced Tech Team Ms. Hepfinger Advanced Tech Team Ms. Hepfinger Materials & Systems Integration Team Mr. Audet Materials & Systems Integration Team Mr. Audet Chemical Tech Team Ms. McCoy Chemical Tech Team Ms. McCoy Homeland Defense Liaison Andra Kirsteins Homeland Defense Liaison Andra Kirsteins Fiber Production & Tech Team Mr. Olejarz Fiber Production & Tech Team Mr. Olejarz Office Of The Director Office Of The Director Operations Manager Ms. Mello Operations Manager Ms. Mello Facilities Manager Mr. Cahoon Facilities Manager Mr. Cahoon Administrative Assistant Ms. Trumpis Administrative Assistant Ms. Trumpis BDMT Liaison Ms. Mesale BDMT Liaison Ms. Mesale 9 Feb 06 Office Naval Research Mr. Mackiewicz Office Naval Research Mr. Mackiewicz Research Materials Engineer Dr. Wilsuz Research Materials Engineer Dr. Wilsuz Plans Analyst Mr. Brown Plans Analyst Mr. Brown Resource Management Team Ms. Parker Resource Management Team Ms. Parker 9 Feb 06

4 UNCLASSIFIED 4 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow New Trees ---- Same Monkeys Well --- Almost

5 UNCLASSIFIED 5 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Acting Technical Director John Obusek DoD Combat Feeding Directorate (CFD) Gerry Darsch Warfighter Science, Technology & Applied Research Directorate (WarSTAR) John Gassner Chief Scientist: Dr. Lynne Samuelson Senior Scientists: Dr. Claire Gordon, 1 Vacant Legal Office: John Stone Military Deputy: LTC John Dailey Warrior Systems TBESC Deputy Chair/ Warrior Systems IPT Chair: Susan Butler LEAN/Six Sigma: Bob Kinney Natick Soldier RDE Center- Current Organization Future Force Warrior ATD: Carol Fitzgerald Warfighter Protection & Aerial Delivery Directorate (WarPAD 2 ) Ed Doucette Technology, Systems & Program Integration Directorate (TSPID) Don Wajda Shelters Technology, Engineering & Fabrication Directorate (STEFD) Frank Kostka Business & Operations Directorate (Bus&Ops) Colleen Cathcart Associate Director Colleen Cathcart

6 UNCLASSIFIED 6 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow New Names And --- By The Way Natick Soldier Center Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center

7 UNCLASSIFIED 7 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow We’ve Come A Long Way… Since Vietnam, many advancements have been made to the functionality, comfort, and protection offered by the Army’s multiple generations of Combat Uniforms 40 Years

8 UNCLASSIFIED 8 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow …But We Still Have a Long Road Ahead With advances in technologies come advancements in threats. These all require new developments in protection to safeguard our troops against future harm

9 UNCLASSIFIED 9 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow This is how we’re getting there… Communication Internal External Industry International Understanding Threats Industry Capabilities Soldier Requirements/Needs Aspects of the Mission Clear Path Forward Months  Short Term Mid Term Far Term

10 UNCLASSIFIED 10 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow FUTURE OPERATIONAL CAPABILITIES  Lightweight multifunctional materials that integrate:  Intelligent Textiles serving as the backbone for warfighter electronics, optics and sensor suites  Lightweight ballistic protection  Improved camouflage/signature management  Self-deactivating, chemical/biological (CB) protective membranes  Flame protection  Antimicrobial protection  Improved environmental protection  Reduced weight and bulk with improved fit, comfort and durability  Decreased logistical burden through integration for enhanced mobility and survivability of the Future Force Material Integration

11 UNCLASSIFIED 11 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Guidelines Weight and Bulk Affordability Environmental Aspect of Mission Logistics Material Property Integrity

12 UNCLASSIFIED 12 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Short Term Improved Fasteners Passive / Active Cooling / Venting Improved Sizing Options UV Resistance Insect Repellent Permethrin Field Repair Kit One-Piece Design Simplify Design to Reduce Snag Hazard Improved Water Repellency Long-Term Sand Durability Possible Future Advancements to Combat Uniforms Mid Term Heating Improvements Anti-Microbial Improved Comfort Fiber Engineered Fabrics / Materials E-Textiles Stitchless SeamingNomex Wool Blends Chemical Protection Low Near Infrared Synthetics Flame Retardant Materials Extended Infrared Protection Thermal Responsive Possible Future Advancements to Combat Uniforms Far Term Patchless Identification Identify Friend or Foe RFID Tags Self-Cleaning Fabric Blood Clotting Agent in Uniform Biodegradable Disposable Uniforms Multi-Seasonal Uniform Radiation Shielding Material Integrated Electronics Functional Computer input devices Far Spectrum signature protection Advanced displays Possible Future Advancements to Combat Uniforms

13 UNCLASSIFIED 13 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Short Term Improved Fasteners Possible Future Advancements to Combat Uniforms Mesh Knit type Hook and Loop developed with 66dB= Normal conversation in home. Represents 27% noise level reduction. Improvements for follow on work includes various hook fibers, dampening polymers, hook design, loop napping techniques, improved sewing or attachment processes, etc.

14 UNCLASSIFIED 14 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Short Term Insect Repellent Permethrin Possible Future Advancements to Combat Uniforms  There are insect repellent treatments that the individual soldier or the units can add to their uniforms to provide a degree of insect protection. (IDAA kit, Spray, etc)  Pests in the field are the cause of many debilitating diseases affecting the soldier’s performance or worse causing death i.e. malaria, leishmaniasis, dengue, etc.  The NSC was the originator of an insect repellent factory application method for use on combat uniforms that is durable, effective and safe for our troops. The Marine Corps is soliciting to procure all future combat uniforms with durable insect repellent treatment. The Army is also considering adopting similar insect repellent protection to their new combat uniform.

15 UNCLASSIFIED 15 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Mid Term Anti-Microbial Possible Future Advancements to Combat Uniforms OBJECTIVE: To develop advanced antimicrobial technologies to provide the warfighter protection from unwanted microorganisms that can affect the health, quality of life and combat effectiveness. Effectiveness will be evaluated against microbes that affect skin infections (gram – and gram +), odor and athletes foot. UNDER EVALUATION: Pure silver Silver ions Silver zeolites Copper, Tin Triclosan Chitosan Polyhexamethylene biguanide Quaternary ammonium silanes Others METHODOLOGIES: Different test methodologies will be evaluated to determine most effective in predicting actual wear performance.

16 UNCLASSIFIED 16 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Mid Term Fiber Engineered Fabrics / Materials Possible Future Advancements to Combat Uniforms Fiber-Engineered Textiles Reduce Production Costs Capability-Loaded Material Reduced Weight

17 UNCLASSIFIED 17 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow High Performance Fiber Center of Excellence The goal of NSRDEC’s High Performance Fiber COE is to collaborate with academic and industrial partners to invent and transition fiber technology for use in woven and non-woven textiles for high performance, dual-use applications such as environmental/ballistic/CB protection and electrotextiles. NSRDEC has extensive fiber extrusion capabilities as well as state-of-the-art analytical capabilities such as Instron mechanical analysis, thermal analysis, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, and x-ray diffractometry.

18 UNCLASSIFIED 18 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow High Performance Fiber COE NSRDEC Fiber Extrusion Capabilities Hills, Inc. Research-scale Bi/tri-component Fiber Extruder:  Capacity – 1 to 6 pounds/hour  ¾ Inch Diameter Single Screw  Temperature Limit – 350 o C  Three Melt Pumps are Thermally Isolated  Nitrogen Ports for Oxygen Sensitive Polymers  Draw Speed – meters/min. Research-scale Bi/tri-component Fiber Extruder:  Capacity – 1 to 6 pounds/hour  ¾ Inch Diameter Single Screw  Temperature Limit – 350 o C  Three Melt Pumps are Thermally Isolated  Nitrogen Ports for Oxygen Sensitive Polymers  Draw Speed – meters/min.

19 UNCLASSIFIED 19 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow High Performance Fiber COE Potential Collaborative Projects NSRDEC is Seeking Partners for: Novel Bi/tri-component Fiber Development  Optical Fibers  Electronic Fibers  High Strength Fibers  Flame Retardant Fibers  Reactive Fibers Prototype Woven Textile Production  Production of Small Swatches  Performance Specification Testing Prototype Non-woven Textile Production  Small Sample Production  Performance Specification Testing

20 UNCLASSIFIED 20 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Mid Term Extended Infrared Protection Possible Future Advancements to Combat Uniforms Expand NIR capabilities of ACU Meet and exceed sensor threats Improve survivability of the Warfighter

21 UNCLASSIFIED 21 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Detection Avoidance FFW Candidate-All Over Brush Pattern FFW Down-selected Candidates- Desert All Over Brush, FFW, Woodland Track and Urban Track Patterns Face Paint with & with out DEET & proposed dual stick Air Force Next Generation Camouflage Uniform Thermal Appliqués

22 UNCLASSIFIED 22 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Mid Term Flame Retardant Materials Possible Future Advancements to Combat Uniforms

23 UNCLASSIFIED 23 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Mid Term E-Textiles Possible Future Advancements to Combat Uniforms Problem: Traditional electro-optical devices, cables, and antennas were not designed for wearable applications. Few technologies exist to integrate electronics into textiles. Land Warrior Textile-Based Antennas using Embroidery and Transfer Etching of Conductive Materials Solution: Body conformal networks and connectors, visually covert antennas, and other textile-integrated electronics, will improve mobility and communications, increasing situational awareness and lethality.

24 UNCLASSIFIED 24 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Far Term Patchless Identification Identify Friend or Foe RFID Tags Self-Cleaning Fabric Blood Clotting Agent in Uniform Biodegradable Disposable Uniforms Multi-Seasonal Uniform Just-In-Time Manufacturing Functional Computer input devices Far Spectrum signature protection Advanced displays Possible Future Advancements to Combat Uniforms Radiation Shielding Material

25 UNCLASSIFIED 25 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Human System Integrated Design Casualty Reduction Analysis Model Models for armor system performance from threat definition to incapacitation effect Next Generation Body Armor Research Focus Advanced Technology Development New high performance polymers/ fibers/composites Nanotechnology Advanced ceramics & metals Enhanced predictive modeling Material systems integration

26 UNCLASSIFIED 26 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Chem/Bio Needs Cooler System (Lightweight, More Breathable Materials, Increased Water Vapor Transport Properties) Self-Detoxifying Materials Improve Protection around Areas of Integration Increased Protection (TIC, TIM, etc.) Residual Life Indication Form Fitting Garments (Elasticized Materials) Fire Resistant Materials

27 UNCLASSIFIED 27 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow EFFECTS OF TOXIC INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS ON CB PROTECTIVE CLOTHING Objective: Determine the effects of toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) on the effectiveness of CB protective clothing. Background o US Forces are likely to encounter environments where they are exposed to TICs o Protection vs. CW agents is well documented o Effects of exposure to TICs on the garment properties and the protection afforded by garments has not been determined Plan o Establish/verify a list of chemicals most likely to be encountered o Downselect a representative number of chemicals o Determine effects of exposure to TICs on textile properties o Determine effects of exposure to TICs on CW agent protection

28 UNCLASSIFIED 28 US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Doing Great Things for the Soldier Everyday for Over 50 Years… Natick Soldier RD&E Center Department of the Army Research and Development Organization of the Year 2001, 2003, 2004 and 2005 Department of the Army Research and Development Organization of the Year 2001, 2003, 2004 and 2005


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