Presentation on theme: "Monday: February 4 th We are making paper airplanes today Starting Industrial Revolution M- Factory Simulation T- Industrial Revolution Intro W/TR: Reforms/The."— Presentation transcript:
Monday: February 4 th We are making paper airplanes today Starting Industrial Revolution M- Factory Simulation T- Industrial Revolution Intro W/TR: Reforms/The Jungle F: Miss K has a wedding! Video and a sub
Warm Up: What was your favorite Super Bowl Commercial? What is your favorite super Bowl food? How do you think the super Bowl reflects American society?
We are making paper airplanes today! First make your best paper airplane in the next ten minutes; do not forget to color it!!!! I will come around and decide which one like the best The best airplanes will be rewarded with silver (a Hershey kiss)
Now… I want you to make a paper airplane to MY standards These all have to be exactly the same If not, no silver, or you may even be fired! We will do a practice one together
A Glider (A4) Throw just a bit of Force at about a 30 to 40 degree angle toward the sky. The dart, if made correctly should be accurate and travel a long Distance
Instructions to make a Glider Step1 Fold a piece of A4 paper in half longways. Then fold the top corners down as shown. Step 2 Fold in the sides so that point A and B meet at the centre crease
Instructions to make a Glider Step 3 Fold Points C and D into the centre as shown above Step 4 Turn the model over and fold it in half longways
Instructions to make a Glider Step 5 Fold down the wings so that the edge of the wing meets the bottom or fuselage of the plane. Step 6 Now the plane is complete so have fun flying it. For Throwing suggestions see the Introduction of the glider.
Now… You will be counted off by 6- you will be workers Everyone else- you will be the observers/workers on hand. You will write what is happening on a separate sheet of paper. Each person will be given a step to do in the ASSEMBLY LINE GOAL: get as many airplanes done as you can!!! Winner gets paid!!!! Must be the same if not, you risk losing your job and being FIRED
WORK RULES 1.Do not leave your work station without your overseer's permission. 2.If you are late you will not be paid. 3.Workers who produce poor quality work will be discharged. 4.There will be no talking except what is necessary to run the assembly line. 5.Those who fail to obey orders will be punished.
Whoa!!!! What did you think? Did you enjoy this activity? What did you like or dislike about it? What feelings did you experience during this activity? How did it make you feel to be fired? How did workers feel about their job on the first picture and on the assembly line? Now: Read about working conditions and complete the T- Chart in your warm-Up.
Tuesday, February 5 th How important is technology in today’s society? What would happen if we lost all cell-phones? All computers? All satellites? All electricity? Do you think that you could survive a day in today’s society without technology?
The Industrial Revolution Ch. 25.1
Industrial Revolution What was it? Machines became the new way of doing things. Huge increase in machine-made products.
Industrial Revolution Before the industrial revolution, people wove textiles (cloth) by hand. After, machines did this and other jobs as well. Started in England and then spread to Europe and America.
Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England? 1.Extensive natural resources 2.Expanding Economy 3.Highly developed banking system 4.Political stability 5.Had all factors of production (land, labor, and capital)
Natural Resources England had extensive natural resources. 1) Water power and coal to fuel the new machines. 2) Iron ore to construct machines, tools, and buildings 3) Rivers for inland transportation 4) Harbors from which its merchant ships set sail.
Expanding Economy The expanding economy promoted growth in business. Business people invested in the manufacture of new inventions.
Banking System People were encouraged by the availability of bank loans to invest in new machinery and expand their operations.
Political Stability Parliament passed laws that protected business and helped expansion.
Factors of Production Britain had ALL the factors of production. Land Labor Capital (wealth)
Textile Industry Transforms Cloth merchants boosted their profits by speeding up the process by which spinners and weavers made cloth.
Flying Shuttle (1733) The flying shuttle speedily carried threads of yarn back and forth when the weaver pulled a handle. The flying shuttle doubled the work a weaver could do in a day. Invented by John Kay
Spinning Jenny (1764) James Hargreaves’ spinning jenny allowed one spinner to work eight threads at a time. Named after Hargreaves’ daughter.
Water Frame (1769) Used water power from rapid streams to drive spinning wheels. Invented by Richard Arkwright.
How was water used for power? rnace/index_embed.shtml rnace/index_embed.shtml
Spinning Mule (1779) /interactive/animations/spinn ing_mill/index_embed.shtml /interactive/animations/spinn ing_mill/index_embed.shtml Samuel Crompton combined the Spinning Jenny and the Water Frame to produce the Spinning Mule. Made thread that was stronger, finer, and more consistent.
Power Loom (1787) Invented by Edmund Cartwright. Run by Water power
Results of new inventions All these new inventions took spinning and weaving out of the house. Wealthy textile merchants set up machines in large buildings called factories. At first, these factories needed water power, so they were built near rivers and streams.
Cotton is King!
England uses American Cotton England’s cotton came from plantations in the American South.
The Cotton Gin (1793) Removing the seeds from raw cotton by hand was hard work. In 1793, American inventor, Eli Whitney designed a machine to help speed the chore.
The Cotton Gin continued His cotton gin multiplied the amount of cotton that could be cleaned. American cotton production skyrocketed from 1.5 million pounds in 1790 to 85 million pounds in 1810.
Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin
Modern day Cotton Gin
Consequently, slavery increased dramatically in the Southern U.S.
Improvements in Transportation James Watt, a mathematical instrument maker at the University of Glasgow in Scotland, figured out a way to make the steam engine work faster and more efficiently while burning less fuel.
Robert Fulton’s Steamboat The Clermont’s first successful trip was in Ferried passengers up and down New York Hudson’s River. Water transportation improved with the creation of a network of canals By the mid-1800s, there were 4,250 miles of waterways in England.
Road Transportation John McAdam, a Scottish engineer equipped roadbeds with a layer of large stones for drainage. On top, he placed a carefully smoothed layer of crushed rock. In rainy weather, heavy wagons could travel over the new ‘Macadam’ roads without sinking in the mud.
Macadam road in Venezuela early 1900s
Macadam roadway, West Virginia
First Road in US to become ‘Macadamized’ Construction began in 1811 and ended in Also known as the “National Road” Mile marker in Columbus, Ohio along National road
The railroad locomotive Steam-driven machinery propelled English factories in the late 1700s. The railroad locomotive drove English industry after 1820.
George Stephenson George Stephenson built many steam locomotives for mine operators in northern England. In 1821, Stephenson began work on the world’s first railroad line. It was to run 27 miles from Yorkshire to Stockton. It opened in 1825 with four locomotives that Stephenson built.
George Stephenson and his first locomotive
Railway expansion Entrepreneurs wanted to connect Liverpool with Manchester. Trials were held to find the best locomotive. George Stephenson won with the Rocket. The Rocket hauled a 13-ton load at more than 24 miles per hour, which was unheard of at that time. The track opened in 1830 and had immediate success.
Railroads revolutionize way of life 1) Railroads provided a cheap way to transport materials and finished products. 2) Railroad boom created hundreds of thousands of new jobs. 3) Railroads boosted England’s agricultural and fishing industries, which could transport their products to distant cities. 4) Made travelling easier. People could find jobs in different cities. 5) Railroads lured city dwellers to the countryside.
Explain this statement on the bottom of your notes The key to the Industrial Revolution was technology, and technology is knowledge