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The Holocaust World War Two. Genocide ► The word "genocide" only came into existence after the Second World War. ► Definition: “the deliberate and systematic.

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Presentation on theme: "The Holocaust World War Two. Genocide ► The word "genocide" only came into existence after the Second World War. ► Definition: “the deliberate and systematic."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Holocaust World War Two

2 Genocide ► The word "genocide" only came into existence after the Second World War. ► Definition: “the deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, religious, national or ethnic group”. ► genocide has been practiced throughout the history of the world

3 Examples of Genocide ► The devastation of the native peoples of the New World ► The Armenian people during WWI, approx. 1.5 million

4 Examples of Genocide ► Rwandan Genocide in 1994 was the murder of 937,000 people ► Bosnia in 1992-1995 resulted in the death of 200,000 people

5 Genocide during WWII ► Adolf Hitler writes Mein Kampf in 1926 outlining his hatred of Jews ► In 1934 Adolf Hitler become Fuhrer of Germany

6 Anti- Semitism ► In 1934 the German Congress passes laws that redefine German Jews as non-citizens and ban Jews from any political participation ► Public sale of Jewish newspapers is banned

7 Nazi Treatment of Jews ► In 1938, Jews are forbidden to attend plays, movies, concerts; German schools and universities ► Curfews are placed on Jews ► In January 1939, all Jews had to carry a special identification card

8 Nazi Laws ► A criminal offence for a Jewish person to use public transportation, keep pets, visit a barber shop, possess electrical appliances or any woolen or fur clothing ► All Jewish people must wear a Jewish star on the left breast of clothing ► Jews are prohibited from leaving their residential areas

9 Jewish Ghetto ► In Warsaw, Poland, Nazi’s placed all Jews of the city into an enclosed ghetto surrounded by an 8- foot wall

10 Nazi Concentration Camps ► The first of many Nazi concentration camps is opened at Danchau in 1933 ► Used to incarcerate thousands of political opponents of the regime.

11 Nazi’s begin deportation of German Jews to Concentration Camps

12 The Final Solution ► The extermination of all European Jews ► Begins the mass deportations of Jews from all over Nazi occupied Europe in 1942 ► To extermination camps in Poland

13 Extermination Camps ► Also known as Death Camps that commit genocide ► Nazi’s open camps with sole purpose of killing the Jews of Europe ► Other groups whom the Nazis wished to exterminate, such as Roma (Gypsies) and Soviet prisoners of war, as well as many Poles and others, were also killed in these camps.

14 Map of Nazi Death Camps

15 Auschwitz- Birkenau ► The largest Nazi Extermination Camp

16 Gas Chambers

17 Crematoriums

18 Total Deaths at Auschwitz- Birkenau ► 1.1 to 1.6 million Jews

19 Total Deaths from Nazi Genocidal Policies ► European Jews: 5,600,000 to 6,250,000 ► Soviet prisoners of war: 3,000,000 ► Polish Catholics: 3,000,000 ► Serbians: 700,000 (Croat Ustasa persecution) ► Roma, Sinti, and Lalleri: 222,000 to 250,000 ► Germans (political, religious, and Resistance): 80,000 ► Germans(handicapped): 70,000 ► Homosexuals: 12,000 ► Jehovah’s Witnesses: 2500


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