2GenocideThe word "genocide" only came into existence after the Second World War.Definition: “the deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, religious, national or ethnic group”.genocide has been practiced throughout the history of the world
3Examples of GenocideThe devastation of the native peoples of the New WorldThe Armenian people during WWI, approx. 1.5 million
4Examples of GenocideRwandan Genocide in 1994 was the murder of 937,000 peopleBosnia in resulted in the death of 200,000 people
5Genocide during WWIIAdolf Hitler writes Mein Kampf in 1926 outlining his hatred of JewsIn 1934 Adolf Hitler become Fuhrer of Germany
6Anti- SemitismIn 1934 the German Congress passes laws that redefine German Jews as non-citizens and ban Jews from any political participationPublic sale of Jewish newspapers is banned
7Nazi Treatment of JewsIn 1938, Jews are forbidden to attend plays, movies, concerts; German schools and universitiesCurfews are placed on JewsIn January 1939, all Jews had to carry a special identification card
8Nazi LawsA criminal offence for a Jewish person to use public transportation, keep pets, visit a barber shop, possess electrical appliances or any woolen or fur clothingAll Jewish people must wear a Jewish star on the left breast of clothingJews are prohibited from leaving their residential areas
9Jewish GhettoIn Warsaw, Poland, Nazi’s placed all Jews of the city into an enclosed ghetto surrounded by an 8- foot wall
10Nazi Concentration Camps The first of many Nazi concentration camps is opened at Danchau in 1933Used to incarcerate thousands of political opponents of the regime.
11Nazi’s begin deportation of German Jews to Concentration Camps
12The Final Solution The extermination of all European Jews Begins the mass deportations of Jews from all over Nazi occupied Europe in 1942To extermination camps in Poland
13Extermination Camps Also known as Death Camps that commit genocide Nazi’s open camps with sole purpose of killing the Jews of EuropeOther groups whom the Nazis wished to exterminate, such as Roma (Gypsies) and Soviet prisoners of war, as well as many Poles and others, were also killed in these camps.
15Auschwitz- BirkenauThe largest Nazi Extermination Camp
16Gas ChambersWhen lead to the gas chamber (a small one is seen here), the Jews believed they were being led to the showers. Soap was even distributed, and the gas chamber fitted with (nonfunctioning) showerheads, all in the interest of realism.
17CrematoriumsOnce the Jews and other prisoners were murdered in the gas chambers, the bodies were brought to the attached crematorium where the bodies would be burned. Often, the capacity of the crematorium could not keep up with the number of people being murdered in the gas chamber, in which event bodies were thrown into huge piles and burned outdoors.
18Total Deaths at Auschwitz- Birkenau 1.1 to 1.6 million Jews
19Total Deaths from Nazi Genocidal Policies European Jews: 5,600,000 to 6,250,000Soviet prisoners of war: 3,000,000Polish Catholics: 3,000,000Serbians: 700,000 (Croat Ustasa persecution)Roma, Sinti, and Lalleri: 222,000 to 250,000Germans (political, religious, and Resistance): 80,000Germans(handicapped): 70,000Homosexuals: 12,000Jehovah’s Witnesses: 2500