Presentation on theme: "The Holocaust Pgs. 333-334. The Holocaust During WWII, Adolf Hitler and the Nazis placed Jews, Gypsies, and persons with disabilities in concentration."— Presentation transcript:
The Holocaust During WWII, Adolf Hitler and the Nazis placed Jews, Gypsies, and persons with disabilities in concentration camps. Jews were the main targets because Hitler blamed them for Germany’s economic problems after WWI. Railroad cars were used to transport Jews to concentration camps.
The Holocaust The Nazis forced Jews to wear a yellow Star of David to make them stand out. It was sewn onto their clothing. They arrested Jews throughout Europe, including Jewish children.
The Holocaust Concentration camp conditions were not good. Nazi doctors performed medical experiments. –Freezing Experiments –Mustard Gas –Twin Experiments
The Holocaust Work Camps – Anyone who couldn’t work was killed. Starvation Lack of water Crematoriums – used to dispose of bodies
Auschwitz Auschwitz (Death Camps) – was a temporary holding area for mass murder. Gas chambers (4,000 at a time – took about 20 min.) Bodies were burned Firing Squads
The Holocaust 1938 – Nazis arrested between 20,000 ot 30,000 Jews 1939 – Germany invaded Poland and gained control over 3 million Jews. 1940-41 – German arrests millions more in Belgium, Denmark, France, Norway, the Netherlands, and the Soviet Union.
Auschwitz 1941 – “Hitler’s Final Solution to the Jewish Question” –A mass murder campaign against all European Jews. –This mass murder became known as the Holocaust. –Estimates are 12 million men, women, and children were killed. –Six million were Jews.