A Again with the Isolationism… After WWI, the US returned to its policy of isolationism…
G Growing frustration… The Treaty of Versailles makes Germany and Italy want revenge…
4 Treaty of Versailles A. Germany lost land to surrounding nations B. War Reparations 1) Allies collect $ to pay back war debts to U.S. 2) Germany must pay $57 trillion (modern equivalent) 3) Bankrupted the German economy & embarrassed Germans Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau, and Woodrow Wilson during negotiations for the Treaty
G Great Depression - Everywhere The United States was not the only country troubled with economic hardships during the 1930s Economic depressions in Japan, Germany, and Italy influenced their politics that spurred WWII Desperate people turn to desperate leaders.
Rise of Dictators R Adolf Hitler Nazi Party Germany Benito Mussolini Fascist Party Italy Hideki Tojo Japanese Prime Minister
These dictators glorified – o Obedience to leaders o Violence o Extreme nationalism
Adolf Hitler promised to rebuild Germany's power through military action. Adolf Hitler promised to rebuild Germany's power through military action. He was elected Chancellor of the National Socialists Party and took control of Germany in 1934 He was elected Chancellor of the National Socialists Party and took control of Germany in 1934 Germany Under Adolf Hitler
A massive political rally that was common in Nazi Germany
S So much for the League of Nations Hey, maybe we had better stop that Hitler guy? Nah, we aren’t strong enough.
S “ Please Hitler, don’t start another war!” “Of course, you can have Austria-take some of Czechoslovakia too.” Sure, appeasement will stop him.
I Invasion of Poland Q: How was Germany able to do this? Blitzkrieg = Lightning War (See Blitzkrieg Video)
o Oh no! It’s Benito… Benito Mussolini Look out Ethiopia. Italy wants more land.
N Now it’s Tojo too… In 1931, Japan took control of the Manchurian province of China The League of Nations lacked a strong enough naval power to intervene
17 AlliesAxis (major powers) Great Britain Russia United States France (note: France surrendered to Germany in 1940 (after 6 weeks of fighting) (major powers) Germany Italy Japan **Quick Facts** WHO?
18 **Quick Facts** WWII – The Most Devastating War in History A. War Costs US Debt 1940 - $9 billion US Debt 1945 - $98 billion The war cost $330 billion -- 10 times the cost of WWI & as much as all previous federal spending since 1776 B. Human Costs 50 million people died (compared to 15 million in WWI) 21.3 million Russians (7.7 million civilians) 11 million died as a result of the HOLOCAUST (6 million Jews + 5 million others)