9 Page 469 in the book… “Totalitarianism leads to aggression” What common idea did Nazis, Fascists, and militarists all share?How did this way of thinking lead to aggression?
10 Vocabulary Appeasement- Giving in. Western democracies had a policy of appeasement.
11 How did WWI end?The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I.Germany would have to pay all the debt for the war, give up land, and was banned from having armed forces.How would this possibly impact WWII?
12 Why did the Second World War start? WWII was started by Germany in an unprovoked attack on Poland.Britain and France declared war on Germany after Hitler refused to abort his invasion of Poland.
13 CASUES OF WORLD WAR 2 CAUSE #1 Hitler’s GOALS To unite Germans He wanted to dominate Europe and the WorldTo achieve any of these aims would involve breaking the Treaty of Versailles, and this could lead to war.CAUSE #2The aggression of Hitler’s AlliesItaly – Mussolini wanted a Fascist-Roman empire in the Mediterranean and Africa (e.g. Abyssinian invasion in 1935.)Japan – Japan wanted a Nipponese empire in the Pacific, extending into China and Australia (e.g. Manchurian invasion in 1931)Germany, Italy and Japan were hostile to Communism (USSR)
14 CASUES OF WORLD WAR 2 The League of Nations failed to keep peace CAUSE #3Democratic powers were passiveUSA – IsolatedFrance – France was reluctant to fight Germany, because she could not rely on Britain and America’s support.Britain – Between 1934 and 1937, Britain was sympathetic to German recovery. Between May 1937 and March 1939, Britain appeased Germany.These powers could have stopped Fascist aggression earlier than 1939CAUSE #4The League of Nations failed to keep peace
15 Countries Involved The Axis German Italy Japan The Allies England USSR
16 ALLIED LEADERS OF WORLD WAR 2 Winston ChurchillPrime Minister of Great Britain during most of the war, from 1940 to 1945, Churchill led Britain to victory.During the Battle of Britain, Churchill's speeches boosted the British morale during the darkest moments.
17 ALLIED LEADERS OF WORLD WAR 2 Stalin was very brutal Communist dictator of Russia ( ). In the years before World War 2.Stalin murdered or imprisoned almost all of Russia's senior military officers, and millions of other Russian citizens, in a paranoid and unprecedented wave of political terror.
18 ALLIED LEADERS OF WORLD WAR 2 FDRPresident of the United States of America ( ).He declared war on Japan after the bombing at Pearl Harbor, but unfortunately he did not live long enough to celebrate the Allies' victory in September of 1945.
19 AXIS LEADERS OF WORLD WAR 2 Hitler served in the Bavarian army during World War I and rose to become the leader of Nazi Germany during World War II.Under his leadership, the Nazis sought to make Germany the most powerful empire in the world and exterminate all they viewed as inferior.
20 AXIS LEADERS OF WORLD WAR 2 Hideki TojoPrime minister of Japan (October July 1944).
21 Emperor HirohitoEmperor of Japan from 1926-his death in 1989
22 Benito MussoliniPrime minister of Italy ( ). He joined forces with Adolf Hitler to fight the Allied powers.Eventually, he was sacked as prime minister and executed by his own people.
23 Non-Aggression Pact-An agreement between Germany and the USSR to:-not fight-split Poland between them