Presentation on theme: "WORLD WAR II 11.7 – Students analyze America’s participation in World War II 1939 – 1945 11.7 Students analyze America’s participation in World War II."— Presentation transcript:
1 WORLD WAR II11.7 – Students analyze America’s participation in World War II1939 – 194511.7 Students analyze America’s participation in World War II
2 Major Events Before WWII Most of Europe having economic problems.Treaty of Versailles blamed Germany for WWI; made to pay $33bil.Soon the Great Depression in the U.S. spread to the rest of the world.People in various European nations lost faith in Democratic Govt. – lead to the rise of Dictators.Military Expansion– Students will examine the origins of American involvement in the war, with an emphasis on the events that precipitated the attack on Pearl Harbor.1918 WWI ended. Many families lost their jobs and homes the men of the family who would work died in the warGermany blamed and paid $33 billion dollars in reparations paid to the allies/then forced to give up crucial land rich with natural resources¼ of Americans out of work. Similar in countries around the worldStrong men making promises to desperate people/next we will examine who these dictators wereOpportunity/Countries that had few resources invaded countries with a lot of resourcesQuestions:What events lead to the second World War?How do you think payment of reparations affected Germany?Could you imagine what it would be like to have 25% of the people out of work?Who can tell me what a dictator is?What are resources?Major Events Before WWIIStudents will examine the origins of American involvement in the war, with an emphasis on the events that precipitated the attack on Pearl Harbor.
3 Dictators Adolf Hitler – National Socialist Party (Nazi) A leader of the Nazi PartyAppointed Chancellor in 1933 and quickly became Dictator/known as the “Fuhrer” or LeaderBlamed Treaty of Versailles and Jews for Germany’s problemsBelieved Germans were the “Master Race”Economic problems helped with the rise of the Nazi Party in Germanyoutlawed other political parties including Democracy and arrested opponentsFelt it was unfair that Germany had to pay reparations & territory/immediately began to rebuild Germany’s armed forces and in 1934 men of the German armed forces swore allegiance to him instead of the state.German people were better than other ethnic groups/began persecution of JewsQuestionsHow do you think the people of Germany felt about Hitler’s view s in 1933?What do you think about Hitler’s “master race” theory?Dictators
4 Dictators Benito Mussolini - Fascist Leader of the Fascist Party 1922 Enough support to have the King name him as prime minister of the governmentAlso known as “Il Duce” or The LeaderOverthrown in 1943 and executed in 1945Fascism is a political system with a strong leader who is the chief source of law and order and who encourages feelings of nationalism/what other type of leader does that sound like?Once the King named him head of Government, he assumed the role of Dictator and outlawed all other political partiesOverthrown in 1943 caught in 1945 trying to sneak out of Italy and was executedDictators
5 Dictators Joseph Stalin - Communists In 1924 seized power in Soviet Union/Russia by eliminating his political enemiesStalin placed farms and businesses under government controlTurned Soviet Union into a totalitarian stateOriginally signed peace treaties with Germany and JapanStalin took control of the Soviet Union after communists leader Vladimir Lenin died in 1924Stalin was a brutal man. Killed anyone he thought was a threat to his power.He took away many of the peoples basic rights/Forced to work: government farms or labor campsSigned non-aggression treaty – they would not attack each otherQuestionsWhat is communism? Holding of all property in common, classless systemDoes anyone know what a totalitarian state is?Totalitarian state is when government has complete control of peoples lives2. Could the previous dictators be considered leaders of totalitarian states?Dictators
6 Military Expansion Japan/Germany/Italy During the 1930s the totalitarian governments of Europe were focusing on developing their military strength, and so was Japan.Japan/Germany/Italy
7 Reasons for Expansion Small group of islands Short on resources JapanSmall group of islandsShort on resourcesWorld wide economic depression affected the peoples faith in Democratic governmentLooked towards the military for leadershipSTART WITH QUESTION:Who can tell me something about Japan that might make them want to expand their territory?Reasons for Expansion
8 Reasons for Expansion Germany Marched into Austria and took it over Demanded possession of northwestern Czechoslovakia because 3 mill. Germans lived thereBritain and France chose a policy of appeasementInvaded Poland in 1939What would make Germany want to expand?-Have students think about what they learned about Hitler.In 1938 the Austrian people welcomed Adolf HitlerCzechoslovakian government refused and asked Britain and France for helpBritain and France allowed Hitler to take the territory as long as Hitler seized no more landsSeized the rest of Czechoslovakia then invaded PolandQuestionsWhat is appeasement? Giving in to demands in order to avoid conflict.What do you think Hitler did after he took the territory in Czechoslovakia?Reasons for Expansion
9 Reasons For Expansion Invaded Ethiopia in North Africa in 1935 ItalyInvaded Ethiopia in North Africa in 1935Mussolini dreamed of restoring the Roman EmpireRoman Empire was one of the greatest in history; Mussolini wanted to restore as much as he couldWanted to expand existing colonies in North AfricaReasons For Expansion
10 World War ii The war begins… 1. After the invasion of Poland, Britain and France declare war on GermanyThe war begins…
11 War in Europe Allies unprepared/Dunkirk Thought fighting was going to be like WWIGermany used new strategy called blitzgriegMost of Europe quickly fell to the Axis PowersGerman advance was very fast approximately 100,00o troops rescuedWhat is Blitzgrieg? Combination of land and air units in a lighting fast attack.A major player, France, unprepared and surrendered very fastAxis powers were Germany, Italy, and Japan. They controlled most of Europe by 1940War in Europe
13 Battle of Britain By 1940 most of Europe under Axis control Attacked civilian targets on purposeBattle of Britain was a 5 month long air warBritain Asks the U.S. to enter the warHitler turn his attention to Britain. His plan was to weaken Britain through air raids and then invadeNotice the fighter bases are closer to the shore than the bomber bases. Can anyone tell me why?By attacking the civilian population, Hitler thought it would demoralize them and make them pressure their government to give upBritain held off the German onslaughtDuring the Battle of Britain, Winston Churchill asks American President Franklin D. Roosevelt to enter the warBattle of Britain
14 Although unsuccessful in Britain, Axis powers very successful in Europe Hitler next turned his sights east to RussiaSurprise attack on Russia in 1941Russia enters the war against GermanyThe British air force was successful at fighting off many German bombing attacksHungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and Greece fell under Axis occupationRemember that Russia and Germany had signed non-aggression pact. This in fact was just to buy time for Hitler so he wouldn’t have to fight on two fronts.Sent 3 million men to invade RussiaSoviet Union/Russia enter war on side of Allies/The Big 3Europe Falls
15 U.S.AIn 1940 most Americans did not want to get involved in European affairsLend-Lease ActTwo U.S. ships sunk by German U-boatsJapan attacks Pearl Harbor 1941 and the U.S. enters warPresident Roosevelt did fear the actions of the dictators and their threat to Democratic ideals. Neutrality Act. What do you think the Neutrality Act is?U.S. still would not enter the war, but instead gave aid to the allies (tanks, planes, ships, etc.)What is a U-boatGerman submarines started preying on U.S. shipping to BritainNot until Japan made a devastating raid on the U.S. fleet in Hawaii in December 1941 did the U.S. enter the war.The United States
16 Diagram showing how the ships were actually anchored Diagram showing how the ships were actually anchored. Attacked docks and airfieldsActual picture of Battleship RowFamous USS ArizonaArizona memorial in HawaiiPearl Harbor Bombed!