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H/O Pre-war attitudes (see Drift towards World War II handout)

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Presentation on theme: "H/O Pre-war attitudes (see Drift towards World War II handout)"— Presentation transcript:


2 H/O Pre-war attitudes (see Drift towards World War II handout)

3 Isolationism Neutrality Act (1935)

4 Gradual shift toward involvement

5 Cash and Carry Destroyer Deal Lend-Lease Act (repealed Neutrality Act)

6 Relations with Japan Japanese fears concerning resources, etc.

7 Pearl Harbor U.S. Enters War

8 The Home Front Some important wartime agencies

9 War Production Board Organized and coordinated industries to make quick, efficient transition to production of war materials. No consumer autos were built during war.

10 Office of War Information Responsible for maintaining morale – positive propaganda

11 Office of Price Administration Set prices, rationed goods, fought inflation and black market – assured military needs were met

12 War Labor Board Settled disputes between business and labor Avoided strikes and maintained morale

13 Fair Employment Practices Committee Prevented employer discrimination against workers Foundation for the civil rights movement of the 1950s

14 H/O Conduct of war Two front war for the U.S. Europe first (See War Strategy H/O)

15 World War II Allies Included Great Britain, Free France, the USSR, and nationalist China.

16 Conferences Casablanca, Cairo, Teheran: Planned war strategy Yalta: (1945) planned post-war strategies

17 Postwar Period Service men’s readjustment act of 1944 (GI Bill) The United Nations Organization favored big winners H/O Post-War

18 The Cold War

19 The Truman Doctrine Pledged aid to Greece and Turkey Containment policy Intended to keep communism within its original borders

20 Marshall Plan Offered recovery assistance to all European countries Communist countries declined

21 Berlin Blockade Soviets block land access U.S. responds by air

22 NATO Designed to block or contain Communists, especially Soviet, expansion Ignored George Washington’s advice against permanent alliances H/O Cold War

23 Communist victory in China Nationalists flee to Taiwan Government there recognized as China by the United States and the U.N. until Nixon

24 Korean War Communist North Korea attacks South Korea, the U.N. responds Armistice terms restore status quo

25 SEATO Southeast Asia Treaty Organization is the Pacific equivalent to NATO

26 France, Dien Bien Phu, and our involvement in Vietnam Antiwar demonstrations and Jane Fonda

27 Hungarian Revolt Soviets crush Hungarian revolution

28 Aswan Dam Soviets assist Egypt in building the dam U.S. and Britain offered first but withdrew the offer

29 Suez Canal seizure Egypt takes control, France, Britain and Israel invade, U.S. and Soviets stop them Superpower “diplomacy” at work

30 Eisenhower Doctrine Offers aid to Middle Eastern countries who feel threatened by communism

31 U-2 incident U.S. spy plane shot down over Soviet territory

32 Independence of African nations Civil Wars break out all over

33 Cuban Revolution Castro takes over, announces communist regime, relations with the U.S. deteriorate

34 Bay of Pigs Cuban refugees, backed by the United States fail to overthrow Castro

35 Berlin Wall Soviets seal off East Berlin with physical Wall

36 Cuban Missile Crisis Soviets attempt to place missiles in Cuba. The U.S. blockades

37 The “Hotline” Direct link between U.S. and USSR intended to divert nuclear disaster First used during six day war

38 Nuclear test ban treaty Allowed only underground testing

39 Outer Space treaty Banned the military bases weapons and weapons tests in outer space

40 Nuclear nonproliferation treaty Banned the spread of nuclear weapons among signatory nations

41 1969. Nixon’s visit to China Communist China had already become the U.N. member, now President Nixon’s visit opened new friendly relations with this huge nation

42 Detente 1972-President Nixon visited Moscow and signed several agreements including the anti-ballistic missile treaty The Cold War eased

43 The Reagan Revolution The West wins the Cold War The Gorbachev influence The I.N.F. Treaty H/O

44 1980 Election Issues Debates Hostage crisis

45 Reagan and Communism Evil Empire Nicaragua Latin America Granada

46 1988 Election Candidates and issues Bush policies Desert Storm and Middle East policy economics civil rights

47 William Jefferson Clinton All of this review to present will be done in the classroom

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