2 1945 Cold War BeginsSoviet Union keeps control of Eastern Europe after WWIICreates buffer zoneChurchill says “Iron Curtain” has descended upon Eastern Europe
3 1947 Truman Doctrine US aid to Greece and Turkey Trying to prevent spread of communism-containment
4 1947 Marshall Plan US attempt to help rebuild Europe after WWII Named for George Marshall-Sec. of StateHelps keep some European countries from turning communist.Only Western European countries accepted the assistance. USSR was handling the Eastern European countries.
5 1948 Berlin AirliftEast and West Germany: East and West Berlin had been split between USSR(East) and Democratic Allies(West)USSR closes path to West Berlin.Results in airlifting of materials to West Berlin to keep it running.
6 1949 NATO Formed North Atlantic Treaty Organization Formed to help each other if attacked by communist countriesLed by United StatesForm of collective security
7 Korean WarCommunist North Korea invades Democratic South KoreaUnited Nations comes to aid South KoreaLed by General MacArthur tide turns at Inchon.China enters on North’s side.MacArthur fired.Stalemate at 38th parallelEisenhower ends war with cease fire.
8 1951 ANZUS pledge signedUS, Australia, New Zealand pledge to assist if attacked by communistsAnother example of collective security
9 1954 SEATO created South East Asia Treaty Organization Created to oppose communist expansion.Collective securityVietnam?
10 1957 Eisenhower DoctrineUS promises to aid and defend Middle Eastern countries from communist attackContainment continued
11 1960 U2 Spy Plane IncidentAmerican Spy plane shot down over Soviet UnionGary Powers capturedPrompts cancellation of US-Soviet summit
12 1961 Berlin Wall Built East Germany builds Berlin Wall Limits travel and exodus of East Berliners to West Berlin
13 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis Soviets put missiles in Cuba US blockades Cuba;demands removal of missilesKennedy makes private deal with Khruschev to remove our missiles from Turkey
14 1967 Six Day War Israel(US backed) fights Arab Nations(Soviet backed) Israel wins in decisive fashion.
15 1969 US Lands Man on Moon US wins space race Soviets had launched Sputnik in 1957First satellite to orbit earthKennedy had pledged to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade-SUCCESS
16 1972 Nixon’s trip to China Recognize China and continue Détente. Hope to get Soviet Union to pursue diplomacy as well.
17 1972 SALT Agreement SignedStrategic Arms Limitation Treaty signed between US and Soviet Union.Limiting production of Nuclear weaponsContinued Détente-a period of less tension between the two
18 1975 South Vietnam Falls South Vietnam surrenders to North Vietnam US had lost nearly 50,000 men trying to keep South Vietnam from falling to communismHad left after Nixon’s Vietnamization and Peace with Honor
19 1980 US defeats USSR HockeyAmateur hockey players from US defeat the world’s best, and very experienced, Soviet team in the 1980 OlympicsUS wins Gold in next gamePRIDE for US
20 1987 Reagan urges Gorbachev Reagan urges Gorbachev to “tear down this wall” in reference to the Berlin WallGorbachev had started perestoika and glasnost and was permitting more involvement in buffer states.
21 1989 Berlin Wall FallsEast and West Berlin are free to move between each otherEastern European countries begin falling
22 1993 Soviet Union Falls Soviet Union dismantled Boris Yeltsin-democratically elected leader of RussiaEthnic regions begin fighting for control of once dominated areas.