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THE EARLY COLD WAR Mr. Millhouse - U.S. History - Hebron High School.

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Presentation on theme: "THE EARLY COLD WAR Mr. Millhouse - U.S. History - Hebron High School."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE EARLY COLD WAR Mr. Millhouse - U.S. History - Hebron High School

2 End of World War II  End of World War II  Visions of a Postwar World  Germany?  Eastern Europe? Satellite States “Iron Curtain”  East Asia? Japan Korea  United Nations

3 Post-World War II Europe “Iron Curtain”

4 Competing Ideologies  Command economy  Dictatorship  Warsaw Pact  Comintern  Gain global influence  Acquire natural resources  Capitalism (free market)  Democracy  NATO  Containment  Gain global influence  Acquire natural resources USSR & EASTERN EUROPEU.S. & WESTERN EUROPE

5 Expansion of the Cold War  Arms Race  Brinkmanship  Space Race  Sputnik I (1957)  Global Containment  Eisenhower Doctrine  Decolonization  Proxy Wars  Latin America  Africa

6 The Berlin Wall The Berlin Wall was built in 1961 to keep East Berliners from fleeing to West Berlin. The wall fell in 1989.

7 Cold War as a Global “War”

8 East Asia  Chinese Revolution 1949  Mao Zedong  People’s Republic of China  U.S. refuses to acknowledge Communist China  Korean War (1950-1953)  Korea remains divided near the 38 th parallel  Japan  Rebuilt Japan fearing spread of Communism

9 Southeast Asia  Vietnam War  Ho Chi Minh led Viet Minh defeats France in 1954  Fearing spread of Communism the U.S. supports South Vietnam  North Vietnam, with help from Viet Cong, defeats U.S. and unifies Vietnam in 1975  Cambodia  Khmer Rouge  Indonesia  Bandung Conference in 1957

10 Khmer Rouge

11 South Asia  India  Supporter of Non-Alignment movement  Received aid from USSR  Pakistan  Received millions of dollars in economic & military aid due to its location  Afghanistan  Soviets invade 1975  Opposed by the mujahedeen  Defeated Soviets retreat in1989

12 Middle East  Turkey  Truman Doctrine  Iran  Oil industry dominated by the West  Mosaddegh attempted to nationalize oil industry in 1951  CIA overthrew Mosaddegh Shah Reza Pahlavi made absolute ruler  Egypt  Nasser received aid from both sides

13 Africa  The Congo  Gained independence in 1960 Patrice Lumumba is first prime minister  Belgium reoccupied parts of the Congo a week after independence  Lumumba failed to get support from U.S.  Lumumba went to Soviet Union for support  C.I.A. helped stage a coup d'état Mobutu Sese Seko  Civil War breaks out in Congo Laurent Kabila

14 Latin America  U.S. attempted to overthrow countries that attempted to go Communist  Cuba Cuban Revolution (1959) Bay of Pigs Cuban Missile Crisis  Nicaragua Resisted Sandinistas by supporting capitalist Contras  Guatemala C.I.A. removed Jacobo Arbenz

15 End of the Cold War

16  Destalinization  Nikita Khrushchev  Détente  Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) First major nuclear arms treaty signed in 1972  President Nixon visits China in 1972  Helsinki Accords (1975) No political boundaries should be changed by military force Paved way for dialogue between U.S. and USSR

17 Mikhail Gorbachev  Begins series of reforms in 1985  Glasnost Opened government to criticism Provokes criticism by minority nationalities (nationalism)  Perestroika Free-market reforms  Nuclear arms agreements with Ronald Reagan  Russia’s 1 st free election (1990)  Replaced by Boris Yeltsin First McDonalds opened in Russia on January 31, 1990

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