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Leading up to WWII. Germany Economic Problems Economic Problems Printed $ during WWI (not increase taxes) Printed $ during WWI (not increase taxes) Inflation.

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Presentation on theme: "Leading up to WWII. Germany Economic Problems Economic Problems Printed $ during WWI (not increase taxes) Printed $ during WWI (not increase taxes) Inflation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Leading up to WWII

2 Germany Economic Problems Economic Problems Printed $ during WWI (not increase taxes) Printed $ during WWI (not increase taxes) Inflation Inflation Print more after war to pay reparations Print more after war to pay reparations Wheelbarrows full of $ for bread Wheelbarrows full of $ for bread

3 1920s US lends $200 million to Germany US lends $200 million to Germany Helped slow down inflation Helped slow down inflation 1920’s – US economy helped world 1920’s – US economy helped world 1929 – Stock market crashed 1929 – Stock market crashed

4 Great Depression US demands payments of world loans US demands payments of world loans Demand for European goods dropped Demand for European goods dropped World trade dropped by 65% World trade dropped by 65% Effects felt worldwide Effects felt worldwide

5 Rise of Fascism Loyalty to state and obedience to its leader Loyalty to state and obedience to its leader Extreme nationalism Extreme nationalism Nations must struggle – Peaceful states were doomed to be conquered Nations must struggle – Peaceful states were doomed to be conquered Loyalty to an authoritarian leader Loyalty to an authoritarian leader Similar to communism (not seeking classless society) Similar to communism (not seeking classless society)

6 Benito Mussolini Founded Fascist Party in 1919 Founded Fascist Party in 1919 Oct – 30,000 fascists marched on Rome Oct – 30,000 fascists marched on Rome King gave power to Mussolini King gave power to Mussolini

7 Adolf Hitler Joined small right- wing political group Joined small right- wing political group Nationalist Socialist German Workers’ Party – Nazi Party Nationalist Socialist German Workers’ Party – Nazi Party 1923 – Jail for trying to seize power 1923 – Jail for trying to seize power Mein Kampf Mein Kampf

8 Adolf Hitler 1924 – Revived Nazi party 1924 – Revived Nazi party 1933 – Hitler became Chancellor 1933 – Hitler became Chancellor Anti-Semitism - Hatred of Jews (Jewish= 1% of pop) Anti-Semitism - Hatred of Jews (Jewish= 1% of pop)

9 Japan Militarists  Extreme nationalists Militarists  Extreme nationalists Wanted to take over China  Raw materials and markets Wanted to take over China  Raw materials and markets Seized Manchuria Seized Manchuria Withdrew from League of Nations Withdrew from League of Nations 1937 – Japan invades China 1937 – Japan invades China

10 Italy Mussolini attacks Ethiopia Mussolini attacks Ethiopia Used Suez Canal Used Suez Canal GB just lets them GB just lets them

11 Hitler – Not obeying Versailles 1935 – Builds up army 1935 – Builds up army 1936 – Germans move into Rhineland 1936 – Germans move into Rhineland –Weak response by British and French Oct – Germany, Italy, Japan make up Axis powers Oct – Germany, Italy, Japan make up Axis powers March 1938 – Hitler annexes Austria March 1938 – Hitler annexes Austria Sep – Hitler demanded Sudentland (regions in Czech) Sep – Hitler demanded Sudentland (regions in Czech) Czechs refuse and ask France for help Czechs refuse and ask France for help

12 Munich Conference Sep 29 th, 1938 Sep 29 th, 1938 Preserve peace by giving into Hitler  Allow them to take Sudentland Preserve peace by giving into Hitler  Allow them to take Sudentland But respect Czech border But respect Czech border Less than 6 months  Hitler takes Czech Less than 6 months  Hitler takes Czech Demanded ports in Poland Demanded ports in Poland Mussolini takes Albania Mussolini takes Albania

13 Nonaggression Pact Aug 23, 1939 – Nazis and Soviets sign nonaggression pact Aug 23, 1939 – Nazis and Soviets sign nonaggression pact Sep 1 Germans to attack Poland without Russian interference Sep 1 Germans to attack Poland without Russian interference Sep 3 Britain and France declared war on Germany Sep 3 Britain and France declared war on Germany

14 War In Europe

15 Nonaggression Pact (cont’d) Divide Poland Divide Poland USSR to take Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia USSR to take Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia Taking Finland was more difficult Taking Finland was more difficult –March 1940 Russians win Finland

16 Blitzkrieg “Lightning War” “Lightning War” Fast moving tanks, planes, infantry Fast moving tanks, planes, infantry

17 Chronology April 9, ’40 – Hitler surprise invasion of Norway and Denmark April 9, ’40 – Hitler surprise invasion of Norway and Denmark May ’40 – sweep through Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg May ’40 – sweep through Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg May ’40 – Germans trapped Allies in northern France May ’40 – Germans trapped Allies in northern France June 14 – Germans had taken Paris June 14 – Germans had taken Paris June 22 – France surrendered June 22 – France surrendered

18 The Battle of Britain – Summer ’40-May ’41 Winston Churchill – British Prime Minister Winston Churchill – British Prime Minister Hitler wanted to wipe out Royal Air Force, then land troops in England Hitler wanted to wipe out Royal Air Force, then land troops in England Night Bombing Night Bombing GB radar, Enigma GB radar, Enigma GB Victory GB Victory

19 Hitler turns to Mediterranean and Russia Attacked N. Africa (Mussolini  Egypt) Attacked N. Africa (Mussolini  Egypt) British fight back in Egypt – Hitler comes to help British fight back in Egypt – Hitler comes to help Erwin Rommel  German general “Desert Fox” Erwin Rommel  German general “Desert Fox”

20 Balkans Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary join Axis Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary join Axis Hitler invades Greece and Yugoslovia Hitler invades Greece and Yugoslovia This allows invasion of USSR – June 22, 1941 This allows invasion of USSR – June 22, 1941 Leningrad hit hard, but didn’t surrender Leningrad hit hard, but didn’t surrender Turned to Moscow – “No Retreat” in winter Turned to Moscow – “No Retreat” in winter

21 US Neutrality Sep 1939 – Allies could buy American arms Sep 1939 – Allies could buy American arms Atlantic Charter – Free trade among nations Atlantic Charter – Free trade among nations Sep – U-boat fired on US destroyer Sep – U-boat fired on US destroyer


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