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Transitions, Topic and Closing Sentences. Topic Sentence  Is the first sentence of the paragraph  Should grab the reader’s attention  Is a statement.

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Presentation on theme: "Transitions, Topic and Closing Sentences. Topic Sentence  Is the first sentence of the paragraph  Should grab the reader’s attention  Is a statement."— Presentation transcript:

1 Transitions, Topic and Closing Sentences

2 Topic Sentence  Is the first sentence of the paragraph  Should grab the reader’s attention  Is a statement that tells what your paragraph will be about

3 A good topic sentence does two things:  Helps you stay focused on the topic of your paragraph  Helps the reader know what your paragraph will be about

4 How to write a topic sentence  Think about your main idea  What is the point of your paragraph?

5 Closing Sentence  What is a closing sentence?  The closing sentence is the last sentence in a paragraph and ends the paragraph smoothly  What does the closing sentence do?  It restates the main idea of the paragraph using different words

6 Signal words for closing sentences: When you write your concluding sentence, you may want to use signal words to show your reader that you are ending your paragraph, but you do not have to use signal words. Your options are below:  In conclusion,  In summary, (for summary)  In short, (for summary)  To summarize (for summary)  In my opinion, (for opinion)

7 Transition words and phrases  Using transitional words and phrases helps papers read more smoothly, and at the same time allows the reader to flow more smoothly from one point to the next  Transitions can be used to transition from one paragraph to another  Transitions can be used within a paragraph to transition from one sentence to another

8  Addition: also, again, as well as, besides, coupled with, furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover, similarly  Consequence: accordingly, as a result, consequently, for this reason, for this purpose, hence, otherwise, so then, subsequently, therefore, thus, thereupon, wherefore  Contrast and Comparison: contrast, by the same token, conversely, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the other hand, on the contrary, rather, similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, in contrast  Direction: here, there, over there, beyond, nearly, opposite, under, above, to the left, to the right, in the distance

9  Diversion: by the way, incidentally  Emphasis above all, chiefly, with attention to, especially, particularly, singularly  Exception: aside from, barring, beside, except, excepting, excluding, exclusive of, other than, outside of, save  Exemplifying: chiefly, especially, for instance, in particular, markedly, namely, particularly, including, specifically, such as  Generalizing: as a rule, as usual, for the most part, generally, generally speaking, ordinarily, usually  Illustration: for example, for instance, for one thing, as an illustration, illustrated with, as an example, in this case

10  Similarity: comparatively, coupled with, correspondingly, identically, likewise, similar, moreover, together with  Restatement: in essence, in other words, namely, that is, that is to say, in short, in brief, to put it differently  Sequence: at first, first of all, to begin with, in the first place, at the same time, for now, for the time being, the next step, in time, in turn, later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, later, while, earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion, with this in mind,  Summarizing: after all, all in all, all things considered, briefly, by and large, in any case, in any event, in brief, in conclusion, on the whole, in short, in summary, in the final analysis, in the long run, on balance, to sum up, to summarize, finally From:

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