Transitions, Topic and Closing Sentences
Topic Sentence Is the first sentence of the paragraph
Should grab the reader’s attention Is a statement that tells what your paragraph will be about
A good topic sentence does two things:
Helps you stay focused on the topic of your paragraph Helps the reader know what your paragraph will be about
How to write a topic sentence
Think about your main idea What is the point of your paragraph?
Closing Sentence What is a closing sentence?
The closing sentence is the last sentence in a paragraph and ends the paragraph smoothly What does the closing sentence do? It restates the main idea of the paragraph using different words
Signal words for closing sentences:
When you write your concluding sentence, you may want to use signal words to show your reader that you are ending your paragraph, but you do not have to use signal words. Your options are below: In conclusion, In summary, (for summary) In short, (for summary) To summarize (for summary) In my opinion, (for opinion)
Transition words and phrases
Using transitional words and phrases helps papers read more smoothly, and at the same time allows the reader to flow more smoothly from one point to the next Transitions can be used to transition from one paragraph to another Transitions can be used within a paragraph to transition from one sentence to another
Addition: also, again, as well as, besides, coupled with, furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover, similarly Consequence: accordingly, as a result, consequently, for this reason, for this purpose, hence, otherwise, so then, subsequently, therefore, thus, thereupon, wherefore Contrast and Comparison: contrast, by the same token, conversely, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the other hand, on the contrary, rather, similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, in contrast Direction: here, there, over there, beyond, nearly, opposite, under, above, to the left, to the right, in the distance
Diversion: by the way, incidentally
Emphasis above all, chiefly, with attention to, especially, particularly, singularly Exception: aside from, barring, beside, except, excepting, excluding, exclusive of, other than, outside of, save Exemplifying: chiefly, especially, for instance, in particular, markedly, namely, particularly, including, specifically, such as Generalizing: as a rule, as usual, for the most part, generally, generally speaking, ordinarily, usually Illustration: for example, for instance, for one thing, as an illustration, illustrated with, as an example, in this case
Similarity: comparatively, coupled with, correspondingly, identically, likewise, similar, moreover, together with Restatement: in essence, in other words, namely, that is, that is to say, in short, in brief, to put it differently Sequence: at first, first of all, to begin with, in the first place, at the same time, for now, for the time being, the next step, in time, in turn, later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, later, while, earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion, with this in mind, Summarizing: after all, all in all, all things considered, briefly, by and large, in any case, in any event, in brief, in conclusion, on the whole, in short, in summary, in the final analysis, in the long run, on balance, to sum up, to summarize, finally From:
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