Presentation on theme: "MATURE USE OF TRANSITIONS Linking your ideas!. Definition Transition words are used to link sentences and ideas. They help your reader by establishing."— Presentation transcript:
Definition Transition words are used to link sentences and ideas. They help your reader by establishing logical connections between your sentences, paragraphs, and sections of your papers. If you use them correctly, your writing will be easier to understand and more mature. Look for transitions when you are reading the newspaper, a magazine, or a book. Notice how other writers have used these words, then try to use them yourself in your own writing.
SIGNAL YOUR READER! Transitions signal relationships between ideas such as: "Another example coming upstay alert!" or "Here's an exception to my previous statement" or "Although this idea appears to be true, here's the real story." Basically, transitions provide the reader with directions for how to piece together your ideas into a logically coherent argument.
I was concentrating on my homework. Meanwhile the soup boiled over!
EXAMPLES LOGICAL RELATIONSHIPTRANSITIONAL EXPRESSION Similarityalso, in the same way, just as... so too, likewise, similarly Exception/Contrast but, however, in spite of, on the one hand... on the other hand, nevertheless, nonetheless, notwithstanding, in contrast, on the contrary, still, yet Sequence/Orderfirst, second, third,... next, then, finally Time after, afterward, at last, before, currently, during, earlier, immediately, later, meanwhile, now, recently, simultaneously, subsequently, then Examplefor example, for instance, namely, specifically, to illustrate Emphasiseven, indeed, in fact, of course, truly Place/Positionabove, adjacent, below, beyond, here, in front, in back, nearby, there Cause and Effectaccordingly, consequently, hence, so, therefore, thus Additional Support or Evidence additionally, again, also, and, as well, besides, equally important, further, furthermore, in addition, moreover, then Conclusion/Summaryfinally, in a word, in brief, in conclusion, in the end, in the final analysis, on the whole, thus, to conclude, to summarize, in sum, in summary
How would I improve these sentences to include better transitions? I get thirsty and hot in class all day with nothing to drink. We should be allowed to drink sodas in class. I know the custodian wouldnt want to mop up spills every night. Were not babies; we could clean up if an accident happened. I think we would do better work if we could have some caffeine in the morning.
Much better…. I get thirsty and hot in class all day with nothing to drink. Therefore, I believe we should be allowed to drink sodas in class. However, I know the custodian wouldnt want to mop up spills every night. In fact, were not babies, we could clean up if an accident happened. Furthermore, I think we would do better work if we could have some caffeine in the morning!
Models from reading…. Working with your partner or in a triad, go through your reading assignment looking for the various transitions the writer uses. Create a list of six transitions the author uses to share with the class.
Independent Practice: 20 minutes Now, please write (in class) two short paragraphs giving an opinion about any issue you choose. (You can pick an issue like the school dress code, amount of homework you receive, chewing gum or eating in class, or your familys rules regarding bedtime, or curfew.) In these two paragraphs, you must correctly use at least four transitional words from the handout.
Immature Use of Transitions First students should,… Second, students will believe…. Third, we all want to…. Next, the entire student body…. In conclusion….. This type of writing sounds as if it is written using a formula. The writer needs to use a variety of transitions or transitional phrases. NO ONE WANTS TO SOUND BABYISH!
Assessment – 2-5 minutes The teacher collects the paragraphs to determine if the students now understand the appropriate use of transitional words. Based upon paragraphs written in class, the teacher should determine if the students understand how to use these transition words. If many do not understand, she should do a read-aloud of a text that uses many of these words, and point out the appropriate use of transition words. Closure/Expectations: 3 minutes Put this handout in your writing notebook/folder, and keep it for future reference. I want to see you try out different transitional words in your future writings. If you like, there are other more detailed lists available, just ask me.