Presentation on theme: "Prevent them from happening to you!"— Presentation transcript:
1Prevent them from happening to you! STD/STIPrevent them from happening to you!
2Statistics Roughly 9.5 million young adults (15 – 24) have STDs. 4 in 10 sexually active females (14-19) have an STD.There are 15 millions new cases per year.2/3’s of all STD’s occur in people under 25Of infertile Americans - 15% of women and 12 % of men are infertile because of untreated STD’s.
3Most common STD/STI’s in young adults: 1) HPV2) Chlamydia3) Trichomoniasis4) Genital Herpes5) Gonorrhea
4Condoms help preventGonorrhea, Chlamydia, HIV and Trichomoniasis
5Trichomoniasis Cause: infection with a parasite. Transmission: Sexual contactSymptoms in Men: itching or burning inside penis after urination or ejaculation.Symptoms in women: itching, burning, smelly discharge, painful urination.Complications: raises chance of getting or spreading other STD’s including HIV.Treatment: Antibiotics
6Bacterial VaginosisCause: Imbalance of bacteria in the woman’s vagina.(Not a STD but sexual activity especially with multiple partners can raise chance of it occurring.)Transmission:?Not sure.Symptoms: abnormal vaginal discharge, strong fish odor – especially after intercourse. Also burning during urination and itching around vagina.Complications: Increased risk of getting other STD’s.
7Treatment: Antibiotics. Very important for pregnant women. It can cause low birth weight or premature birth.It can also cause PID
8Genital Herpes Cause: Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 – above the waist (not an STD)Type 2 – Below the waist
9Genital Herpes Transmission: Intimate sexual contact Highly contagious when blisters break – open sores.Symptoms: 90% - no symptoms. If have – painful urination, discharge from penis or vagina.Treatment: Sores. Blood test to determine. Antiviral drug – Acyclovir.Complications: Sores are painful.. Greater chance of contracting HIV.
10Genital WartsCause: HPV – Human Papillomavirus – produces wart-like growth on genitals.Transmission: Very contagious, spread during intimate sexual contact and by direct contact with bed linens, towels, and clothing. Also to baby during vaginal child birth.
11Symptoms: Most people don’t show symptoms. When they do appear – soft, red or pink and look like a cauliflower.In men: On tip of penis, also on the shaft, scrotum or around the anus.In females: on the vulva, labia, in the vagina, and around the anus.
12Genital WartsTreatment: No treatment will completely get rid of the virus. Warts can be lasered or frozen off.Gardasil – Vaccine for both boys and girls before they become sexually active. It works against 4 types of HPV.Complications: HPV increase risk of cancer of the cervix, vulva, anus and penis.
14Gonorrhea – “The Clap”Cause: Bacteria – infects linings of genital and urinary tracts of males and females.Transmission: Intimate sexual contact. Babies also can contract at birth.Symptoms Males: white, milky discharge from penis, and burning during urination.
15GonorrheaSymptoms Females: many have no symptoms. Vaginal discharge, burning during urination.Treatment: AntibioticsComplications: Bacteria can spread to bloodstream and infect joints, heart valves, and the brain.It can cause sterility in men and women.
16Syphilis Cause: Spirochete Bacteria Transmission: Intimate sexual contactSymptoms: Primary – a chancre sore.Secondary – skin rash, very contagious.Treatment: Antibiotics. Later stages damage done to organs can not be reversed.Complications: organ damage, mental illness.