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Bellmore-Merrick Schools 1900 students in grades 10-11. 1900 students in grades 10-11. About 800 sexually active. About 800 sexually active. About 200.

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Presentation on theme: "Bellmore-Merrick Schools 1900 students in grades 10-11. 1900 students in grades 10-11. About 800 sexually active. About 800 sexually active. About 200."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bellmore-Merrick Schools 1900 students in grades students in grades About 800 sexually active. About 800 sexually active. About 200 would have an STD. About 200 would have an STD. (based on statistics obtained from the Family Planning Association of New York State)

2 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Created by Mr. Ringel – Health (2005)

3 HPV – Genital Warts At least 50% of sexually active people acquire HPV at some point in their lives. At least 50% of sexually active people acquire HPV at some point in their lives. Low-risk types cause bumps that appear in the genital area. Low-risk types cause bumps that appear in the genital area. Most people who have HPV do not know that they are infected. Most people who have HPV do not know that they are infected.

4 HPV can lead to cervical cancer in women. Warts can be removed through medication and/or minor surgery. There is no cure for HPV. No known long-term risks for males. Men are mostly “carriers” of the disease

5 Syphilis Caused by a bacteria Caused by a bacteria It is passed from person to person through direct contact with a sore. (Most sores are unrecognized) It is passed from person to person through direct contact with a sore. (Most sores are unrecognized) Most people with syphilis do not show signs or symptoms for years. Most people with syphilis do not show signs or symptoms for years. Treated with penicillin or other antibiotics. Treated with penicillin or other antibiotics.

6 Syphilis Stage 1 (Primary) Marked by the appearance of a single sore (chancre). Lasts 3-6 weeks and will heal without treatment. Without adequate treatment, advances to stage 2.

7 Syphilis Stage 2 (Secondary) Skin rash and lesions characterize the secondary stage. Fever, swollen glands, sore throat, weight loss, hair loss, aches, fatigue also may occur. Will heal w/o treatment, but will advance to late stage.

8 Stage 3 (Late Stage) Begins when stage 2 symptoms end. Begins when stage 2 symptoms end. Infection remains in the body. Infection remains in the body. Damages internal organs – brain, nerves, eyes, heart, liver, bones, and joints. Damages internal organs – brain, nerves, eyes, heart, liver, bones, and joints. Symptoms include paralysis, numbness, gradual blindness, dementia, even death. Symptoms include paralysis, numbness, gradual blindness, dementia, even death.

9 Herpes Transmission can occur from contact with a sore or can even happen if a person shows no outward symptoms. Transmission can occur from contact with a sore or can even happen if a person shows no outward symptoms. Transmission can occur from oral- genital contact as well as through vaginal sex. Transmission can occur from oral- genital contact as well as through vaginal sex. At least 45 million people nation-wide ages 12 and older have had a herpes outbreak. - At least 45 million people nation-wide ages 12 and older have had a herpes outbreak. - More common in women than in men.

10 Herpes Simplex 1 Commonly affects the mouth and lips. Commonly affects the mouth and lips. Also known as fever blisters. Also known as fever blisters. Can be spread to the genital area of a partner though oral sex. Can be spread to the genital area of a partner though oral sex.

11 Herpes Simplex 2 Most people with herpes simplex 2 do not know that they have it. Most people with herpes simplex 2 do not know that they have it. First outbreak happens 2-3 weeks after infection. First outbreak happens 2-3 weeks after infection. Can also have flu-like symptoms. Can also have flu-like symptoms. These sores can be painful. These sores can be painful. No cure, but treatment can reduce number of outbreaks. No cure, but treatment can reduce number of outbreaks.

12 Chlamydia Caused by a bacteria. Caused by a bacteria. Can damage a woman’s reproductive organs – infertility. Can damage a woman’s reproductive organs – infertility. Can cause discharge from the penis or cervix. Can cause discharge from the penis or cervix. Chlamydia is the most frequently occurring bacterial STD in America. Chlamydia is the most frequently occurring bacterial STD in America. Can also cause burning during urination. Can also cause burning during urination.

13 Chlamydia can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Chlamydia can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. It is known as the “silent” disease because ¾ of all infected women, and ½ of all infected men, show no symptoms. It is known as the “silent” disease because ¾ of all infected women, and ½ of all infected men, show no symptoms. 40% of all untreated women will experience Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. This can cause permanent damage of the fallopian tubes, uterus, and surrounding tissue. 40% of all untreated women will experience Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. This can cause permanent damage of the fallopian tubes, uterus, and surrounding tissue. Inflamed Cervix

14 Chlamydia can be cured with antibiotics.

15 Pubic Lice (Crabs) Symptoms include itching and redness around the pubic region. Symptoms include itching and redness around the pubic region. Medicine can kill the lice, but they can come back if clothes, sheets, and towels are not washed to get rid of them. Medicine can kill the lice, but they can come back if clothes, sheets, and towels are not washed to get rid of them.

16 Scabies Caused by a mite. Caused by a mite. Picked up only through prolonged contact with an infected person. Picked up only through prolonged contact with an infected person.

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18 Gonorrhea Gonorrhea is caused by a bacteria. Gonorrhea is spread through contact with the penis, vagina, mouth, or anus.

19 Signs and Symptoms A burning sensation when urinating, or a white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis. A burning sensation when urinating, or a white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis. Sometimes men with gonorrhea get painful or swollen testicles. Sometimes men with gonorrhea get painful or swollen testicles. Initial symptoms and signs in women include a painful or burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding between periods. Initial symptoms and signs in women include a painful or burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding between periods.

20 Gonorrhea Conjunctivitis

21 Treatment Antibiotics can cure gonorrhea. Antibiotics can cure gonorrhea. Untreated, gonorrhea can spread to blood or joints. This can be life- threatening. Untreated, gonorrhea can spread to blood or joints. This can be life- threatening. Gonorrhea can also cause blindness in newborns if it is passed from mother to baby. Gonorrhea can also cause blindness in newborns if it is passed from mother to baby.

22 THE END


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