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Cellular Structure and Function Review. This organelle contains DNA and controls the cell This organelle contains DNA and controls the cell Nucleus.

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Presentation on theme: "Cellular Structure and Function Review. This organelle contains DNA and controls the cell This organelle contains DNA and controls the cell Nucleus."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cellular Structure and Function Review

2 This organelle contains DNA and controls the cell This organelle contains DNA and controls the cell Nucleus

3 Which scientist said “All animals are made of cells”? Which scientist said “All animals are made of cells”? Schwann Schwann

4 This organelle produces ATP (energy) for the cell This organelle produces ATP (energy) for the cell Mitochondria

5 List the three parts of the cell theory! List the three parts of the cell theory! All living things are made of cells. All living things are made of cells. Cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things. Cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things. All cells come from pre-existing cells. All cells come from pre-existing cells.

6 Which organelle is this? Golgi Apparatus! Golgi Apparatus!

7 CHARADES Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card. Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card.

8 This organelle is present only in plant cells This organelle is present only in plant cells Chloroplasts

9 This is the part of the microscope that controls the amount of light that is focused onto the stage This is the part of the microscope that controls the amount of light that is focused onto the stage Diaphragm Diaphragm

10 This is a membranous sac that transports proteins and lipids –vesicles

11 CHARADES Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card. Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card.

12 Who discovered cells and named them “cells” after monk’s rooms? Who discovered cells and named them “cells” after monk’s rooms? Robert Hooke Robert Hooke

13 This is an organelle that helps make proteins This is an organelle that helps make proteins Ribosomes

14 The total magnification of our classroom light microscope is 400x. How is the total magnification calculated? The total magnification of our classroom light microscope is 400x. How is the total magnification calculated? Multiply the eyepiece magnification by the objective lens magnigication (10 x 40 = 400) Multiply the eyepiece magnification by the objective lens magnigication (10 x 40 = 400)

15 Which organelle is this? The nucleus! The nucleus!

16 CHARADES Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card. Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card.

17 Stores food, water, and waste Stores food, water, and waste Vacuole

18 Who was the first scientist to observe living microorganisms (bacteria and protists)? Who was the first scientist to observe living microorganisms (bacteria and protists)? Anton Von Leeuwonhoek Anton Von Leeuwonhoek

19 Which organelle is this? Cell Membrane Cell Membrane

20 CHARADES Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card. Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card.

21 List three differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. List three differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. 1. Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus and eukaryotic cells have a nucleus 1. Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus and eukaryotic cells have a nucleus 2. Prokaryotic cells do not have any membrane bound organelles and eukaryotic cells have many membrane bound organelles. 2. Prokaryotic cells do not have any membrane bound organelles and eukaryotic cells have many membrane bound organelles. 3. Prokaryotic cells are much smaller and less complex than eukaryotic cells. 3. Prokaryotic cells are much smaller and less complex than eukaryotic cells.

22 Which type of microscope is used to observe nonliving things only? Which type of microscope is used to observe nonliving things only? Electron Microscope

23 Which scientist said “All plants are made of cells”? Which scientist said “All plants are made of cells”? Schleiden Schleiden

24 What are three differences between plant and animal cells? What are three differences between plant and animal cells? Plant cells have a cell wall and animal cells do not. Plant cells have chloroplasts and animals cells do not. Plant cells have a central vacuole and animal cells have several small vacuoles to store food, water and waste.

25 What is the main difference between a scanning electron microscope and a transmission electron microscope? What is the main difference between a scanning electron microscope and a transmission electron microscope? Scanning = 3D image, outside of the object or specimen Scanning = 3D image, outside of the object or specimen Transmission = image of the inside of the object or specimen (2D) Transmission = image of the inside of the object or specimen (2D)

26 Which organelle is this? Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum!

27 CHARADES Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card. Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card.

28 Which scientist said “All cells come from other cells”? Which scientist said “All cells come from other cells”? Virchow Virchow

29 This organelle makes ribosomes This organelle makes ribosomes Nucleolus

30 This organelle makes proteins and lipids and packages them for transport Endoplasmic Reticulum Endoplasmic Reticulum

31 Which organelle is this? Vacuole! Vacuole!

32 Organelle that is lined with ribosomes and helps make protein Rough ER Rough ER

33 CHARADES Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card. Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card.

34 Cell structure that controls what enters and exits the cell Cell structure that controls what enters and exits the cell Cell Membrane

35 Which organelle is this? Mitochondria Mitochondria

36 List 3 things both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells have. DNA DNA Cytoplasm Cytoplasm Cell Membrane Cell Membrane Ribosomes Ribosomes Cytoskeleton Cytoskeleton

37 Made of microfilaments and microtubules cytoskeleton

38 Jelly like substance that makes up the contents of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucleus. cytoplasm

39 Which structure is this? Cell Wall! Cell Wall!

40 CHARADES Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card. Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card.

41 Structure that is used for movement of the cell. Flagella

42 Genetic material that contains the code for making proteins. DNA

43 Organelle that contains digestive enzymes to clean up dead or old cell parts Organelle that contains digestive enzymes to clean up dead or old cell parts Lysosomes

44 What organelle am I?

45 Modifies proteins and lipids and packages products to send out of the cell Modifies proteins and lipids and packages products to send out of the cell Golgi Apparatus

46 CHARADES Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card. Grab a card and act out the function of the organelle that is on the card.

47 Which organelle is this? Chloroplast! Chloroplast! Green oval shaped organelles

48 Which organelle is this? Cell Wall! Cell Wall!

49 What are 3 similarities between plant and animal cells? What are 3 similarities between plant and animal cells? nucleus. nucleus. membrane bound organelles membrane bound organelles Cell membrane Cell membrane DNA DNA Cytoplasm Cytoplasm ETC ETC


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