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Risk/Hazard Management Job Safety Analysis (JSA) Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)

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Presentation on theme: "Risk/Hazard Management Job Safety Analysis (JSA) Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Risk/Hazard Management Job Safety Analysis (JSA) Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)

2 2 Incident Occurs Personal Planning.. (Stepback 5 X 5) JSA/JHA Procedures & Planning Work Management Systems Formal Risk Assessments Incident Paths Barriers to Incidents

3 3 What is a Job Safety/Hazard Analysis (JSA./ JHA) It is a process by which we identify hazards for each job step and devise safe controls to eliminate or reduce the potential of occurrence.

4 4 Why use JSA’s/JHA’s? To identify hazards and their means of controlTo identify hazards and their means of control To gain commitment of personnel to use safe practicesTo gain commitment of personnel to use safe practices To identify safer and more efficient methods of workingTo identify safer and more efficient methods of working

5 5 When should you do a JSA? Does the task involve a medium or high risk activity? Will existing systems identify and control the hazards? Use the Step Back 5x5 Process to identify and control hazards, before during and after the task If JHA was used, improve the JHA based on feedback from the workgroup No Yes Undertake completing a JHA involving the work team No “Nobody Got Hurt”

6 6 Example ‘Critical Operations’ that require a JHA Nipple Up/Nipple Down BOP and DiverterNipple Up/Nipple Down BOP and Diverter Testing of BOPTesting of BOP Running casing, liners and tubingRunning casing, liners and tubing Cementing operationsCementing operations Heavy lifts inter-rig or from/to supply vesselHeavy lifts inter-rig or from/to supply vessel Laying down/picking-up of drill pipeLaying down/picking-up of drill pipe Pressure Testing of equipment or the wellborePressure Testing of equipment or the wellbore Transfer of Hydrocarbons from/to supply vessel (inclusive of diesel)Transfer of Hydrocarbons from/to supply vessel (inclusive of diesel) Anchor handlingAnchor handling Use of unusual/unfamiliar equipment or proceduresUse of unusual/unfamiliar equipment or procedures

7 7 Example,Routine Operations’ that require aJHA Pipe or BHA handling and trippingPipe or BHA handling and tripping Personnel liftingPersonnel lifting Work at height or over waterWork at height or over water High noise activities (grinding, pressure washing etc.)High noise activities (grinding, pressure washing etc.) Handling and use of hazardous chemicalsHandling and use of hazardous chemicals Where a specific task involves a team of peopleWhere a specific task involves a team of people Working with radioactive substances or explosivesWorking with radioactive substances or explosives Potentially conflicting simultaneous operationsPotentially conflicting simultaneous operations Tasks that require work permits (e.g. confined space, hot work)Tasks that require work permits (e.g. confined space, hot work) What are some other examples? What shouldn’t require a JHA?

8 8 Definition of a Hazard A hazard is something which by itself or by interacting with other variables can result in: Physical injury or deathPhysical injury or death Damage to assets or the environmentDamage to assets or the environment Production loss or increased liabilityProduction loss or increased liability Examples: Heights, confined spaces, slippery surfaces, weather, control of hazardous energy, chemicals, hydrocarbon release, equipment, lack of training, loss of concentration and etc.

9 9 Things to Consider When Conducting a JHA What is the job I am being asked to do?What is the job I am being asked to do? How might I hurt myself or others?How might I hurt myself or others? What is the logical order for completing the job?What is the logical order for completing the job? What materials will I be dealing with?What materials will I be dealing with? What tools and equipment will I be using?What tools and equipment will I be using? What could happen if automated equipment failed?What could happen if automated equipment failed? When will the job be done? (Day, Night, Cold or Hot)When will the job be done? (Day, Night, Cold or Hot) How might the job affect people/activities/equipment?How might the job affect people/activities/equipment? How might the job be affected by other people/activities/equipment?How might the job be affected by other people/activities/equipment?

10 10 JSA Forms Must Have 3 Basic Elements Job Steps Hazards Safe Work Controls

11 11 Example JHA Form

12 12 Job Steps Hazards Safe Work Controls Step 1: Step 1: Separate job into basic job steps What job step comes first? Wording should begin with an “action” word (remove, open, weld, run casing in hole, etc.)What job step comes first? Wording should begin with an “action” word (remove, open, weld, run casing in hole, etc.) If a job has more than 8-10 steps, break it into parts and produce a JHA for each part.If a job has more than 8-10 steps, break it into parts and produce a JHA for each part. Job steps are not to be confused with a procedure to perform the task.Job steps are not to be confused with a procedure to perform the task.

13 13 Job Steps Hazards Safe Work Controls Step 2: Step 2: Identify hazards associated w/ each step Use Phrases like:Use Phrases like: –Struck by or against ______ (ask what, where, who?) –Contact with or contacted by ______ –Caught on/under/between/against _______ –Exposure to temperature/chemical/noise –Fall from a height Identify specifically what the hazards areIdentify specifically what the hazards are Be specific, avoid generalizations like pinch points, slip/strips/falls, etc.Be specific, avoid generalizations like pinch points, slip/strips/falls, etc. What are the potential injuries to those involved?What are the potential injuries to those involved?

14 14 Step 3: Develop Safe Work Controls Can the hazard be eliminated? Can the conditions or equipment be changed? Can the job procedures be changed or can the required frequency be reduced? Elimination / Substitution Engineering Controls Administrative Controls Job Steps Hazards Safe Work Controls

15 15 Step 3: Develop Safe Work Controls Should training be provided? Should PPE be used? Administrative control Personal behavior Job Steps Hazards Safe Work Controls

16 16 Things to Consider When Doing the Job If conditions, scope, personnel change or a new hazard is noted during the job… STOP AND ‘STEP BACK 5 x 5’If conditions, scope, personnel change or a new hazard is noted during the job… STOP AND ‘STEP BACK 5 x 5’ Assemble work team and re-evaluate the situationAssemble work team and re-evaluate the situation Modify JHA if neededModify JHA if needed Control new hazardsControl new hazards

17 17 Post Job JHA Review Upon job completion, all participants should meet to capture lessons learnedUpon job completion, all participants should meet to capture lessons learned Share significant lessons learned with other work teamsShare significant lessons learned with other work teams Update JHA database to keep it evergreenUpdate JHA database to keep it evergreen

18 18 Expectations for ExxonMobil and Contractor Rig Leadership. Involve yourself in the preparation and completion of JHA’s with your team (at least one per day)Involve yourself in the preparation and completion of JHA’s with your team (at least one per day) Visit the worksite during the task to confirm that the job is going as planned. Use this chance to reinforce safe behaviorsVisit the worksite during the task to confirm that the job is going as planned. Use this chance to reinforce safe behaviors Give positive feedback to the team upon successful job completion and note opportunities for improvementGive positive feedback to the team upon successful job completion and note opportunities for improvement

19 19 How can we improve JHA Quality ? Use the Contractor form/system the workers have been trained on if it meets our requirementsUse the Contractor form/system the workers have been trained on if it meets our requirements Provide additional hands-on trainingProvide additional hands-on training Supervisors get involved in the processSupervisors get involved in the process Review the JHA after the job is completed to capture learningsReview the JHA after the job is completed to capture learnings Use a leading indicator such as JHA ScorecardUse a leading indicator such as JHA Scorecard –reinforces what you consider quality –gets team focused on improvement


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