2Barriers to Incidents Incident Occurs Work Formal Risk Management SystemsFormal RiskAssessmentsPersonal Planning..(Stepback 5 X 5)Procedures& PlanningJSA/JHAIncidentOccursIncident Paths
3What is a Job Safety/Hazard Analysis (JSA./ JHA) It is a process by which we identify hazards for each job step and devise safe controls toeliminate or reduce the potential of occurrence.
4Why use JSA’s/JHA’s? To identify hazards and their means of control To gain commitment of personnel to use safe practicesTo identify safer and more efficient methods of working
5When should you do a JSA? “Nobody Got Hurt” Does the task involve a medium or high risk activity?Will existing systems identify and control the hazards?NoNoYesYesUndertake completing a JHA involving the work teamUse the Step Back 5x5 Process to identify and control hazards, before during and after the taskUndertake completing a JHA involving the work teamIf JHA was used, improve the JHA based on feedback from the workgroup“Nobody Got Hurt”
6Example ‘Critical Operations’ that require a JHA Nipple Up/Nipple Down BOP and DiverterTesting of BOPRunning casing, liners and tubingCementing operationsHeavy lifts inter-rig or from/to supply vesselLaying down/picking-up of drill pipePressure Testing of equipment or the wellboreTransfer of Hydrocarbons from/to supply vessel (inclusive of diesel)Anchor handlingUse of unusual/unfamiliar equipment or procedures
7Example ,Routine Operations’ that require aJHA Pipe or BHA handling and trippingPersonnel liftingWork at height or over waterHigh noise activities (grinding, pressure washing etc.)Handling and use of hazardous chemicalsWhere a specific task involves a team of peopleWorking with radioactive substances or explosivesPotentially conflicting simultaneous operationsTasks that require work permits (e.g. confined space, hot work)What are some other examples?What shouldn’t require a JHA?
8Definition of a Hazard Physical injury or death A hazard is something which by itself or by interacting with other variables can result in:Physical injury or deathDamage to assets or the environmentProduction loss or increased liabilityExamples: Heights, confined spaces, slippery surfaces, weather, control of hazardous energy, chemicals, hydrocarbon release, equipment, lack of training, loss of concentration and etc.
9Things to Consider When Conducting a JHA What is the job I am being asked to do?How might I hurt myself or others?What is the logical order for completing the job?What materials will I be dealing with?What tools and equipment will I be using?What could happen if automated equipment failed?When will the job be done? (Day, Night, Cold or Hot)How might the job affect people/activities/equipment?How might the job be affected by other people/activities/equipment?
10JSA Forms Must Have 3 Basic Elements JobStepsSafe WorkControlsHazards
11Example JHA Form Job Safety Analysis Worksheet D-110 Rig NameWell NameDatedd-mm-yyJSA Prepared BySigns/Barricades?YesNoReviewed ByJob DescriptionLock-out/Tag-out?Approved ByRequired Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)Work Permits RequiredSequence of Job StepsPotential HazardsProcedures / Precautions188.8.131.52.5.6.IDENTIFY HAZARDS:Is there a possibility of striking against, being struck by, or making harmful contact with an object; of beingcaught in, by, or between objects; or slipping, tripping, or falling; of developing a strain from pushing, lifting, bending, or twisting; ofcoming in contact with electricity or other power source; of receiving a thermal or chemical burn; of being exposed to a hazardousenvironment; of objects embedding in the eye; of exposure to NORM radiation.
12Step 1: Separate job into basic job steps What job step comes first? Wording should begin with an “action” word (remove, open, weld, run casing in hole, etc.)If a job has more than 8-10 steps, break it into parts and produce a JHA for each part.Job steps are not to be confused with a procedure to perform the task.JobStepsSafe WorkControlsHazards
13Step 2: Identify hazards associated w/ each step Use Phrases like:Struck by or against ______ (ask what, where, who?)Contact with or contacted by ______Caught on/under/between/against _______Exposure to temperature/chemical/noiseFall from a heightIdentify specifically what the hazards areBe specific, avoid generalizations like pinch points, slip/strips/falls, etc.What are the potential injuries to those involved?JobStepsSafe WorkControlsHazards
14Step 3: Develop Safe Work Controls Can the hazard be eliminated?Elimination /SubstitutionCan the conditions orequipment be changed?EngineeringControlsCan the job proceduresbe changed or can therequired frequencybe reduced?AdministrativeControlsJobStepsSafe WorkControlsHazards
15Step 3: Develop Safe Work Controls Should training beprovided?Administrative controlShould PPE be used?Personal behaviorJobStepsSafe WorkControlsHazards
16Things to Consider When Doing the Job If conditions, scope, personnel change or a new hazard is noted during the job…STOP AND ‘STEP BACK 5 x 5’Assemble work team and re-evaluate the situationModify JHA if neededControl new hazards
17Post Job JHA ReviewUpon job completion, all participants should meet to capture lessons learnedShare significant lessons learned with other work teamsUpdate JHA database to keep it evergreen
18Expectations for ExxonMobil and Contractor Rig Leadership. Involve yourself in the preparation and completion of JHA’s with your team (at least one per day)Visit the worksite during the task to confirm that the job is going as planned. Use this chance to reinforce safe behaviorsGive positive feedback to the team upon successful job completion and note opportunities for improvement
19How can we improve JHA Quality ? Use the Contractor form/system the workers have been trained on if it meets our requirementsProvide additional hands-on trainingSupervisors get involved in the processReview the JHA after the job is completed to capture learningsUse a leading indicator such as JHA Scorecardreinforces what you consider qualitygets team focused on improvement