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Risk/Hazard Management

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Presentation on theme: "Risk/Hazard Management"— Presentation transcript:

1 Risk/Hazard Management
Job Safety Analysis (JSA) Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)

2 Barriers to Incidents Incident Occurs Work Formal Risk Management
Systems Formal Risk Assessments Personal Planning.. (Stepback 5 X 5) Procedures & Planning JSA/JHA Incident Occurs Incident Paths

3 What is a Job Safety/Hazard Analysis (JSA./ JHA)
It is a process by which we identify hazards for each job step and devise safe controls to eliminate or reduce the potential of occurrence.

4 Why use JSA’s/JHA’s? To identify hazards and their means of control
To gain commitment of personnel to use safe practices To identify safer and more efficient methods of working

5 When should you do a JSA? “Nobody Got Hurt”
Does the task involve a medium or high risk activity? Will existing systems identify and control the hazards? No No Yes Yes Undertake completing a JHA involving the work team Use the Step Back 5x5 Process to identify and control hazards, before during and after the task Undertake completing a JHA involving the work team If JHA was used, improve the JHA based on feedback from the workgroup “Nobody Got Hurt”

6 Example ‘Critical Operations’ that require a JHA
Nipple Up/Nipple Down BOP and Diverter Testing of BOP Running casing, liners and tubing Cementing operations Heavy lifts inter-rig or from/to supply vessel Laying down/picking-up of drill pipe Pressure Testing of equipment or the wellbore Transfer of Hydrocarbons from/to supply vessel (inclusive of diesel) Anchor handling Use of unusual/unfamiliar equipment or procedures

7 Example ,Routine Operations’ that require aJHA
Pipe or BHA handling and tripping Personnel lifting Work at height or over water High noise activities (grinding, pressure washing etc.) Handling and use of hazardous chemicals Where a specific task involves a team of people Working with radioactive substances or explosives Potentially conflicting simultaneous operations Tasks that require work permits (e.g. confined space, hot work) What are some other examples? What shouldn’t require a JHA?

8 Definition of a Hazard Physical injury or death
A hazard is something which by itself or by interacting with other variables can result in: Physical injury or death Damage to assets or the environment Production loss or increased liability Examples: Heights, confined spaces, slippery surfaces, weather, control of hazardous energy, chemicals, hydrocarbon release, equipment, lack of training, loss of concentration and etc.

9 Things to Consider When Conducting a JHA
What is the job I am being asked to do? How might I hurt myself or others? What is the logical order for completing the job? What materials will I be dealing with? What tools and equipment will I be using? What could happen if automated equipment failed? When will the job be done? (Day, Night, Cold or Hot) How might the job affect people/activities/equipment? How might the job be affected by other people/activities/equipment?

10 JSA Forms Must Have 3 Basic Elements
Job Steps Safe Work Controls Hazards

11 Example JHA Form Job Safety Analysis Worksheet D-110
Rig Name Well Name Date dd-mm-yy JSA Prepared By Signs/Barricades? Yes No Reviewed By Job Description Lock-out/Tag-out? Approved By Required Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Work Permits Required Sequence of Job Steps Potential Hazards Procedures / Precautions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. IDENTIFY HAZARDS: Is there a possibility of striking against, being struck by, or making harmful contact with an object; of being caught in, by, or between objects; or slipping, tripping, or falling; of developing a strain from pushing, lifting, bending, or twisting; of coming in contact with electricity or other power source; of receiving a thermal or chemical burn; of being exposed to a hazardous environment; of objects embedding in the eye; of exposure to NORM radiation.

12 Step 1: Separate job into basic job steps
What job step comes first? Wording should begin with an “action” word (remove, open, weld, run casing in hole, etc.) If a job has more than 8-10 steps, break it into parts and produce a JHA for each part. Job steps are not to be confused with a procedure to perform the task. Job Steps Safe Work Controls Hazards

13 Step 2: Identify hazards associated w/ each step
Use Phrases like: Struck by or against ______ (ask what, where, who?) Contact with or contacted by ______ Caught on/under/between/against _______ Exposure to temperature/chemical/noise Fall from a height Identify specifically what the hazards are Be specific, avoid generalizations like pinch points, slip/strips/falls, etc. What are the potential injuries to those involved? Job Steps Safe Work Controls Hazards

14 Step 3: Develop Safe Work Controls
Can the hazard be eliminated? Elimination / Substitution Can the conditions or equipment be changed? Engineering Controls Can the job procedures be changed or can the required frequency be reduced? Administrative Controls Job Steps Safe Work Controls Hazards

15 Step 3: Develop Safe Work Controls
Should training be provided? Administrative control Should PPE be used? Personal behavior Job Steps Safe Work Controls Hazards

16 Things to Consider When Doing the Job
If conditions, scope, personnel change or a new hazard is noted during the job…STOP AND ‘STEP BACK 5 x 5’ Assemble work team and re-evaluate the situation Modify JHA if needed Control new hazards

17 Post Job JHA Review Upon job completion, all participants should meet to capture lessons learned Share significant lessons learned with other work teams Update JHA database to keep it evergreen

18 Expectations for ExxonMobil and Contractor Rig Leadership.
Involve yourself in the preparation and completion of JHA’s with your team (at least one per day) Visit the worksite during the task to confirm that the job is going as planned. Use this chance to reinforce safe behaviors Give positive feedback to the team upon successful job completion and note opportunities for improvement

19 How can we improve JHA Quality ?
Use the Contractor form/system the workers have been trained on if it meets our requirements Provide additional hands-on training Supervisors get involved in the process Review the JHA after the job is completed to capture learnings Use a leading indicator such as JHA Scorecard reinforces what you consider quality gets team focused on improvement

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