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Job Hazard Analysis
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Session Objectives Identify the purpose of JHA Recognize the benefits of JHA Understand the JHA process Analyze jobs effectively to detect and correct hazards
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Prequiz: Test Your Knowledge a. An in-depth JHA regulation a. Break down the job 1.OSHA has developed: True 3.The first step in JHA is to: b. Guidelines for JHA b. Identify the hazards 2.JHA helps to reduce workplace absences. c. Nothing related to JHA c. Determine safe procedures True or False?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc No specific JHA standard OSHA provides JHA guidelines OSHA inspectors may review hazard assessment program JHA is also called job safety analysis (JSA) Regulatory Guidance No specific JHA standard OSHA provides JHA guidelines OSHA inspectors may review hazard assessment program JHA is also called job safety analysis (JSA)
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc What Is JHA? © Business & Legal Reports, Inc Method of identifying hazards Means of breaking the job down into steps System for easily understanding hazards Method of identifying hazards Means of breaking the job down into steps System for easily understanding hazards
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Why Perform JHA? Identify existing hazards Identify potential hazards Prioritize corrective actions Reduce or eliminate hazards
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc What Are the Benefits of JHA? Improves safety performance Reduces absences Increases productivity Improves morale Assists in OSHA compliance
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc How Are Jobs Selected for JHA? High accident, injury, or illness rates Frequent near misses Procedures, processes, or equipment changes All other jobs © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1106
Who Is Involved In JHA? Safety personnel Department managers and supervisors Employees who perform the jobs Design engineers Maintenance personnel
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc How Are Hazards Identified? General inspections Special inspections Walkaround inspections
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc What Are OSHA’s Inspections Guidelines? List departments and operations involved List operational activities Assign inspection dates and duties Determine sequence of activities and route Identify follow-up responsibiliti es List departments and operations involved List operational activities Assign inspection dates and duties Determine sequence of activities and route Identify follow-up responsibiliti es © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1106
What’s the Function of Area Hazard Checklists? Equipment Procedures Personnel
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Which Elements of a Job Are Analyzed? Start-up Operation Shutdown Maintenance
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc JHA Explained: True or False? JHA looks at the workplace as a whole. We perform JHA because OSHA’s JHA standard requires it. Routine safety inspections provide valuable information for JHA. Only safety personnel are involved in JHA.
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc JHA Explained Do you understand: What JHA means? Purpose of JHA? Benefits of JHA? How jobs are selected and who participates in JHA? Inspections to identify hazards?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Break down the job Identify the hazards Evaluate the hazards Determine safe procedures and protective measures Revise the JHA Steps in JHA
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Break Down the Job List each task in order of occurrence Describe each action Consider the conditions Think about safety issues STEP 1 © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1106
Impact Penetration Being caught between pinch points Harmful airborne contaminants Repetitive motions and awkward postures STEP 2 Identify the Hazards
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Heat/cold Compression Optical radiation Chemical exposures Ionizing radiation Slippery surfaces STEP 2 Identify the Hazards (cont.)
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Evaluate the Hazards Is this a safety or health hazard? Could the hazard cause an injury or illness? How serious is the risk? Is this hazard always present? STEP 3 © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1106
Evaluate the Hazards (cont.) Are engineering and administrative controls effective? Is the right PPE being used? Is safety training creating sufficient awareness? Are protective measures adequate? STEP 3 © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1106
Determine Safe Procedures and Protections STEP 4 © Business & Legal Reports, Inc Perform job differently Reconfigure work area/ workstations Substitute less hazardous materials Change from manual to mechanical Insulating or cleaning Perform job differently Reconfigure work area/ workstations Substitute less hazardous materials Change from manual to mechanical Insulating or cleaning
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Determine Safe Procedures and Protections (cont.) Add, improve, change safety training Change tools or equipment Change or add PPE Perform certain tasks less often STEP 4
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Revise the JHA: When an accident, injury, or work-related illness occurs After a near miss When the job changes Following an employee safety complaint When equipment is damaged Per scheduled review STEP 5
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Control Method Hierarchy
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Revise the JHA Identify hazards Determine safe procedures and protective measures Break down the job Put the steps in their proper order: Evaluate the hazards
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc JHA Steps Do you understand: How to break down a job for JHA? How to identify hazards? How to evaluate hazards? How to determine safe procedures and protections? When a JHA should be revised?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Key Points to Remember JHA is an essential part of any effective safety program You should be familiar with JHA Your participation in JHA is important
Job Hazard Analysis. Regulatory Requirements No current OSHA standard OSHA provides guidelines on Job Hazard Analysis Some organizations refer to it as.
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