Presentation on theme: "OSHA’s Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) Job Hazard Analysis Mishap reporting 1 This class is only intended to familiarize you with the programs in place."— Presentation transcript:
OSHA’s Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) Job Hazard Analysis Mishap reporting 1 This class is only intended to familiarize you with the programs in place at MCCS Camp Lejeune-New River. For a more detailed explanation of each program see your supervisor.
What is VPP? It’s a performance-based safety and health ‘partnership’ between OSHA and private industries 2
Purpose of VPP To achieve Significant Improvement in Safety performance BY All employees being actively involved in safety programs. 3
VPP Requirements All employees must have at least three (3) meaningful ways to participate in Safety, Health problem identification and resolutions An Easy way to remember this is; o 1. Identify the hazard 4. See it o 2. Report the hazard 5. Say it o 3. Remove the hazard6. Fix it 4
5 VPP Participation Examples of employee participation include but not limited to: – Safety and health problem-solving teams – Routine assessments or worksite inspections – Accident and near miss investigations – Hazard analysis and abatement programs – Volunteering to be a Safety Representative – Training (old/new employees)
6 VPP Summary 1.VPP is a program designed to eliminate injuries in the workplace and make it a safer place to work. 2.VPP will only work if every employee gets involved in the safety process. Every MCCS employee is a safety representative so get involved! 3.VPP is a program to get the employee involved in safety. So lets all team up and make our workplace a safe place to work by actively participating in safety programs.
Job Hazard Analysis (JHA’s) In support of OSHA’s Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) & Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune’ s desire to Improve workplace safety, JHA’s shall be conducted on all job tasks to identify and control common hazards. This lesson will assist you with establishing a JHA for all job tasks.
WHAT’s a JHA? A Job Hazard Analysis is a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they result in injury, illness, property damage, or worse It focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment Ideally, after you identify uncontrolled hazards, you will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level
Conducting a JHA A Job Hazard Analysis should be conducted and documented by a team of supervisors & employees, who are familiar with and knowledgeable of the job process. This team should be knowledgeable, but objective. People who work frequently on the task tend to get comfortable, and can overlook hazards others would spot.
The JHA is a five step process Conducting a JHA
Identify Hazardous Conditions – Step 1 Identify the hazards of each step by asking : What can go wrong? What are the consequences? How could it happen? What are other contributing factors? How likely is it that the hazard will occur, i.e. daily,monthly or once a year?
Determine Root Causes – Step 2 Root Cause - failure, or fault from which a chain of effects or failures originates. Example : Employee cut hand with a box cutter Contributing factor : hand in path of blade Contributing factor:: Lack of training from supervisor Root Cause : Lack of training Potential causes of injuries include: o Lack of knowledge o Lack of physical ability o Prior training that included unsafe practices o Previously unidentified hazard o Newly introduced hazard resulting from process or equipment change.
Eliminate the Hazards – Step 3 After Hazards are identified they must be mitigated using one or a combination of these techniques
Engineering Controls Engineering Controls Engineering controls eliminate exposure to the hazard by: 1. Isolating the employee from the hazard 2. Improving (redesign) work area layout 3. Substituting less hazardous product 4. Modifying equipment
Administrative Controls Administrative Controls Administrative controls reduce employee exposure to a hazard by: 1. Reducing the frequency of performing the hazardous task 2. Rotating employees to reduce exposure time 3. Training employees to recognize hazards and employ safety practices.
PPE OSHA requires employers to provide PPE to reduce employee exposure to hazards when engineering and administrative controls are not feasible or effective PPE alone should not be relied on to protect against hazards; other uses include guards, engineering controls, and sound manufacturing practices.
Control Measures – Step 4 Correct the unsafe conditions and processes. Train all employees on the new conditions and updated process Ensure employees understand these changes Use the JHAs!
Evaluation of Effectiveness Step 5 Once the JHA is completed, it should be reviewed by someone with authority to implement changes. Supervisors should follow up to make sure that the recommendations have been acted upon. The JHA’s should be logged and filed for future reference.
In order to ensure each employee is not only working in a safe environment they must also work safely. The JHA provides a method of identifying hazards and taking the necessary steps to reduce the chance of a mishap. Every MCCS employee is REQUIRED to read their JHA prior to performing their job task. JHA Summary
If a mishap occurs at work, that requires first aid or medical treatment, it MUST be reported immediately to Workers Comp and in Enterprise Safety Management System (ESAMS). Mishap reporting
Purpose of reporting the mishap- To identify mishap causal factors and develop corrective actions to prevent similar occurrences To ensure compliance for safety investigation, OSHA reporting, and record keeping
What's a Mishap vs. Near Miss? Mishap – Any time an employee hurts themselves & requires either; 1. Medical attention 2. First Aid treatment Near Miss – When an employee hurts themselves but does not wish to seek medical attention or first aid, for example; 1. Bumps/Bruises 2. Scratches 3. No visible injury
Mishaps MUST be reported immediately in order to provide the proper care for the employee. It also provides a systematic approach to identifying the hazard(s) associated with the job task and eliminating it/them from the work place. Although Mishap Reporting can be a complicated process, the previous slides are only an introduction to this topic. For a more in depth explanation, please contact MCCS Safety. Mishap reporting summary