Presentation on theme: "Society for Endocrinology Society for Endocrinology BES 2007 5 March 2007 Steve Byford Society for Endocrinology"— Presentation transcript:
Society for Endocrinology Society for Endocrinology BES March 2007 Steve Byford Society for Endocrinology
Society for Endocrinology Open Access: what is it, and how might it affect your society? Society for Endocrinology was historically heavily reliant on revenue from its journals Set up trading company, BioScientifica Ltd, in 1996 to evolve away from this Journals still major contributors to funding our charitable activities
Society for Endocrinology The Open Access debate Two approaches by Open Access advocates: Open Access journals: author pays, free access – the ‘gold road’ Open archives or repositories: authors deposit their own articles elsewhere for free access – the ‘green road’
Society for Endocrinology Author pays, free access: points against No ‘one size fits all’ Authors from poor countries Funding of rejected papers Loss of revenue from industry Not yet clear whether it’s financially viable in practice Making the transition is risky
Society for Endocrinology Author pays, free access: points for Free access is attractive to academics Dissemination funded in proportion to research funding Forces a link between price and quality Therefore theoretically more sustainable?
Society for Endocrinology Open archives: types Institutional repositories (IRs) eg universities Subject repositories eg arXiv.org for physics Funder repositories eg PubMed Central (NIH) and UK PMC (Wellcome Trust et al.)
Society for Endocrinology Open archives: some issues Peer review – do readers need it? Rely on external bodies? IRs bypass current business model for assigning and validating quality stamp Version control – preprints, post-prints and when is a version final? Extra task for authors – why bother?
Society for Endocrinology Wellcome Trust policy (UK) New UK version of PubMed Central (‘UK PMC’) launched January 2007 Authors must deposit in UK PMC Public release within six months of publication
Society for Endocrinology Research Councils UK (RCUK) Originally adopted an ‘umbrella’ policy Policies of individual councils have now diverged Medical Research Council (MRC) – same policy as Wellcome Biotechnology & Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) – softer policy
Society for Endocrinology NIH policy (USA) Optional submission of accepted manuscript to PubMed Central Can delay public release up to 12 months after publication May well tighten to 6 months, compulsory
Society for Endocrinology European Commission Commissioned report on the ‘evolution of scientific publication markets in Europe’, which recommended All EC-funded research to be placed in open archives (after embargo) Exploring how open archives could be implemented! Experimentation with different business models ‘Extended quality rankings’ of scientific journals Not-for-profit long-term digital preservation Remove unfavourable VAT treatment of online journals
Society for Endocrinology EC conference, Brussels, February 2007 EU Commissioner summarized: Publishers have been at the forefront of technological advances What constitutes fair remuneration for publishers? What would be a fair embargo period? OA fees to be an allowable cost within EC grants Authors should archive on repositories Seventh framework programme (FP7) to allocate funds…
Society for Endocrinology Institutional Mandates MIT asks its staff to qualify publisher agreements by adding an addendum
Society for Endocrinology How to move forward? The SfE’s policy response All articles already made free after 12 months If no author/funder payment, 12-month embargo on self- archiving If funder requires free release before that, compulsory fee of £ VAT Article then free to all on journal web site immediately upon publication Society deposits onto PMC on author’s behalf, for immediate release Wellcome Trust are willing to provide funding for the fee
Society for Endocrinology Concluding questions Will repositories eventually by-pass journals? Will journals, and peer review, therefore collapse? How can journals show competitive value?
Society for Endocrinology Steve Byford Society for Endocrinology & BioScientifica Ltd