Presentation on theme: "Mark Toole 25 March 2013. “the principle that the results of research that has been publicly funded should be freely accessible in the open domain is."— Presentation transcript:
“the principle that the results of research that has been publicly funded should be freely accessible in the open domain is a compelling one” [Finch report] 27 out of 31 studies have found open access publications are more cited than on non open access ones [“The open Access Citation Advantage: Studies and results to date”, Alma Swan, 2010] The UK spends £150m per year on journal subscriptions [Finch report]. Every year the costs of subscribed journals rise by an average of 7%.
Simple Definition: “unrestricted, on-line access to peer-reviewed and published scholarly research papers” [RCUK] 1990s: e-print repositories/ archives early 2000s: BioMedCentral & Public Library of Science (PLoS) 2002/3: international aspirational statements of intent Numbers of OA journals and articles 1993- 2009 [source Wikipedia from article in PLOS ONE]
Subscription Based Journals “free to publish, library pays subscription” model restrictions on access and re-use 25,000 peer reviewed journals Open Access Journals (“Gold” route) “free to view, author pays to publish (through APC)” model immediately available, few (if any) restrictions on re-use publisher based 7,600+ peer reviewed journals “hybrid” journals/ options Repositories (“Green” route) “access to a version of a paper usually published elsewhere” often subject to an embargo period subject based, institutional based, author based 2,000+
Working Group on Expanding Access to Published Research Findings Set up in 2011 by BIS, HEFCE, RCUK, Publishers Association Reported June 2012 Academics, learned societies, research funders, publishers, funding councils, senior university management, libraries Chaired by Dame Janet Finch
“clear policy direction”: main vehicle of publication of research is in open access of hybrid journals, funded by APC Research funders: “more effective and flexible arrangements” to meet costs of open access publishing Policies to minimise restrictions on rights of use and re-use Transition: funds should be found to extend and rationalise current subscription licences Walk in access in public libraries to “the majority of journals” Infrastructure of repositories: focus on access to research data, grey literature and digital preservation Estimated transition costs: £50m-£60m per year (compared to £5.5b public funding for research per year)
RCUK, HEFCE, SFC, BIS quickly announced their support Debate in the community: some learned societies (eg history) “green” route advocates House of Lords Science and Technology Committee HEFCE consulting on role of open access publishing in the post 2014 REF
6 March 2013, to be reviewed 2014 Effective 1 April 2013 Supports “gold” and “green” but in effect preference for “gold” Only publish outputs from RCUK funded work in compliant journal: “journal provides, via its own website, immediate and unrestricted access to the final published version of the paper” OR “journal consents to deposit of the final Accepted Manuscript in any repository, without restriction on non-commercial re-use and within a defined [6 to 12 months] period. Payment of APCs and other publication charges related to Research Council-funded research are supported through RCUK OA block grants : institutional publication funds are expected to be established
One of the first UK institutional repositories Compliant Green publication route With the right publisher permissions University “mandate”: all journal articles from 2007 must be submitted to STORRE Current compliance rate is c. 47% New RMS enables easier depositing
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