Presentation on theme: "VERB CONJUGATION… THE MEANS OF SHOWING WHO IS DOING THE ACTION OF THE VERB INFINITIVE."— Presentation transcript:
VERB CONJUGATION… THE MEANS OF SHOWING WHO IS DOING THE ACTION OF THE VERB INFINITIVE
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What is a verb? A verb is an action word, in Spanish verbs are learned in the INFINITIVE form. Example: HABLAR = to speak. These infinitives end in AR. ER, AND IR. Ar being the most common.
VERB CONJUGATION CHART Learn Spanish: A Free Online Tutorial http://www.studyspanish.com/ GO TO CHART Chart Learn Spanish: A Free Online Tutorial http://www.studyspanish.com/ GO TO CHART Chart
TO SHOW WHO IS DOING THE ACTION OF THE VERB…….. EXAMPLE: I speak is formed by removing the “AR ending from HABLAR and replacing it with an “O” to make “HABLO” = I speak. The pronoun “YO” = “I” and is used for emphasis only. You may say “Yo hablo”, but the “YO” isn’t necessary as it is included in the “O” of hablo.
TEST YOUR SKILLS WITH A QUICK QUIZ… ESTUDIAR I STUDY
TRABAJAR I work.
BAILAR I dance.
CANTAR I sing.
THE NEGATIVE VERB To make a negative sentence, put the word “NO” just before the verb. EXAMPLE: No hablo español. = I don’t speak Spanish.
Tú and Ud. FORM OF TH E VERB In Spanish there are two ways of address people, friendly or formal. When you talk “to” (not about) family, friend, classmates or children, the verb ends in “AS” EXAMPLE: ¿Hablas español? Do you speak Spanish?
TEST YOUR SKILLS WITH A QUICK QUIZ… ESTUDIAR You study. VERB CHART LINK
TRABAJAR You work.
BAILAR You dance.
CANTAR You sing.
When you address everyone else…. you use Ud. And a verb ending in an “A”. EXAMPLE ¿Habla Ud. español? Do you speak Spanish? Ud. is always expressed.
ESTUDIAR You (formal) study VERB CHART LINK
¿Estudia Ud. ?
TO FORM A QUESTION To ask a sí or no question, the following format is observed. ¿VERB + SUBJECT + REST OF SENTENCE? ¿ = Do/Does EXAMPLE ¿Hablas español mucho?
Él and Ellos forms of verbs When one wishes to talk about people and not to them, one uses verbs that end in “A” and “AN”. When “ar” is removed from hablar,and is replaced with an “A’ “Habla” is formed which means, he or she speaks. When one wishes to talk about two or more people, one uses verbs that end in “AN”, such as “Hablan = They speak. The pronouns, él, ella, ellos, ellas are understood and used for clarification or emphasis. Picture chart link Picture chart link
TEST YOUR SKILLS WITH A QUICK QUIZ… ESTUDIAR He studies They study VERB CHART LINK
(ÉL) estudia. (Ellos) estudian.
TRABAJAR He works They work.
BAILAR He dances. They dance.
CANTAR He sings. They sing.
NOSOTROS VERB FORM When one speaks of himself and others the nosotros (as) form of the verb is used which means “WE”. These verbs end in “AMOS”. EXAMPLE: Hablamos español. = We speak Spanish. NOSOTROS = masculine or mixed group NOSOTRAS = feminine group “Nosotros is used for emphasis or clarification only.
TEST YOUR SKILLS WITH A QUICK QUIZ… ESTUDIAR We study CHART LINK
TRABAJAR We work.
BAILAR We dance.
CANTAR We sing.
USTEDES (Ud.) FORM OF THE VERB Uds. Is used to address two or more people. In English we say “all of you”. It is a you plural which has no equal in English. The Uds. Pronoun must be expressed and it is used with “AN” verb form. EXAMPLE: ¿Hablan Uds. Español?= Do all of you speak Spanish?
What equals an “Ustedes”? Ud + Ud = Uds. Tú + Ud = Uds. Tú + Tú = Uds ( not in Spain) Tu + Ud. = Uds. Tú + Roberto = Uds. Ud. + el Señor = Uds. Tú + él = Uds. Ud. = ellos = Uds. Chart link…
VOSOTROS (AS) FORM OF THE VERB USED IN SPAIN ONLY In Spain VOSOTROS (AS) is used to address two or more tú’s. It is the 2 nd person plural form of the verb. This verb ends in áis. EXAMPLE ¿Habláis español? = Do all of you speak Spanish?
Except for Spain all other Spanish speaking countries use UDS + “AN “ verb endings when addressing two or more people. They can be either people who are tú or Usted. Picture chart link