Presentation on theme: "Present Tense of Regular –AR Verbs. An infinitive tells the meaning of a verb without naming any subject or tense. There are three kinds of infinitives,"— Presentation transcript:
Present Tense of Regular –AR Verbs
An infinitive tells the meaning of a verb without naming any subject or tense. There are three kinds of infinitives, ◦Those that end in AR ◦Those that end in IR ◦Those that end in ER
In English In English, most verbs have only two forms in the present tense so subject pronouns can’t be left out. I sing We sing You sing you all sing** He/She/You sing(s)They/you all sing IN SPANISH The verb endings tells you who the subject is. CANTOCANTAMOS CANTASCANTAIS CANTACANTAN
Habl-ar Com-er Escrib -ir Every verb has a stem followed by an ending. The stem tells the verbs meaning. An infinitive ending doesn’t name a subject or a tense Verb stems Infinitive endings
To form the stem of any ar, er or ir verb, all you have to do is drop the last two letters (the ar, er or ir). Hablar – habl Comer – com Escribir - escrib
What is the stem of trabajar? A. trab B. trabaj C. ar
What is the ending of nadar? A. nad B. dar C. ar
What does the stem of the verb tell? A. The subject B. The tense C. The meaning of the verb
To give the verb a subject, you conjugate it. To conjugate a regular –ar verb in the present tense, drop the –ar ending of the infinitive and add these endings. Each ending goes with a particular subject pronoun.
(YO) o(NOSOTROS/AS) amos (TU) as(VOSOTROS/AS) áis (EL/ELLA/USTED) a(ELLOS/ELLAS/USTEDES) an
Conjugations ¿Cantan ustedes mucho? No, casi nunca cantamos. Do you sing a lot? No, we hardly ever sing. Yo cantoNosotros (as) cantamos Tu cantasVosotros (as) cantáis El, ella, usted cantaEllos, Ellas, Uds. cantan To conjugate the verb cantar, the first thing you do is drop the ar, then you add the following endings for each subject.
Who is the subject of nadamos? A. Yo B. Nosotros C. Ellos
Who is the subject of trabajo? A. Tú B. Usted C. Yo
Who is the subject of cantan? A. Ustedes B. Usted C. Vosotros
Since most of the time the ending of the verb tells the subject, the subject pronoun is normally left out. Use the subject pronouns to add emphasis, or when it wouldn’t otherwise be clear who the subject is. ¿Patinan ustedes mucho? Ellos patinan. Yo nunca patino. Do you skate a lot? They skate. I never skate.
What subjects have the same meaning and therefore need to have subject pronouns included to clarify? A. Yo and Tú B. Usted, Él, and Ella C. Ustedes and Ellos(as) D. Nostros and Vosotros E. B and C
Your turn Conjugate the following verbs for the subject pronouns given. 1. Yo (cantar) 2. Ustedes (bailar) 3. Nosotras (patinar) 4. Mario y Mario (hablar) 5. Juan (descansar) 6. Tu (estudiar) 7. El y Ella (trabajar) 8. Usted y yo (practicar deportes)
Practice Activity 26 on page 98 Conjugate these verbs for all subjects on your paper (draw the box). Color coordinate the stems and the conjugation endings. Also give the English translation for each conjugation. ◦Hablar – to talk ◦Caminar – to walk ◦Estudiar – to study