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Present Tense Verbs YO & TÚ I & YOU. Academic Vocab Infinitive: The base form of a verb. When translated, it always includes “TO” + the action. Hablar.

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Presentation on theme: "Present Tense Verbs YO & TÚ I & YOU. Academic Vocab Infinitive: The base form of a verb. When translated, it always includes “TO” + the action. Hablar."— Presentation transcript:

1 Present Tense Verbs YO & TÚ I & YOU

2 Academic Vocab Infinitive: The base form of a verb. When translated, it always includes “TO” + the action. Hablar – To talk Correr – To run

3 Verbs in Spanish end in “AR”, “ER”, or “IR.” For example, think back to when we talked about activities we enjoyed. We always added an infinitive after “Me gusta.” Me gusta hablar por teléfono. I like to talk on the phone

4 Academic Vocab Conjugate: To break down a verb infinitive into each subject form. In English, you would conjugate TO TALK as: I talk, you talk, he/she talks, we talk, they talk.

5 Verbs in Spanish end in “AR”, “ER”, or “IR.” When you conjugate a verb in Spanish, you add a new verb ending to the verb stem.

6 HABLAR Stem: the part of the verb that does not change when you add the verb ending.

7 For “regular” verbs without any spelling changes, you express the subject “I” by dropping the last two letters (AR) and replacing them with an “o,” the verb ending for “YO.”

8 O Start with the infinitive: HABLAR Now, drop the “AR” To talk And replace it with an “O” Yo hablo = I talk YO

9 Yo hablo Stem: the part of the verb that does not change. Subject pronoun: Tells us who does the action. Verb ending: the suffix you add to match the subject.

10 O Try again with another AR verb: BAILAR Drop the “AR” To dance And replace it with an “O” Yo bailo= I dance YO

11 O Try again with another AR verb: CANTAR Drop the “AR” To sing And replace it with an “O” Yo canto= I sing YO

12 O Try again with another AR verb: ESCUCHAR Drop the “AR” To listen And replace it with an “O” Yo escucho= I listen Yo escucho música= I listen to music YO

13 By following this pattern, you can take any regular AR verb and turn it into a Spanish phrase with a subject and verb.

14 What is the “yo” form of the following verbs? Write it on your whiteboard. CANTAR DIBUJAR NADARTRABAJAR

15 Try this: Using the infinitive ANDAR – TO WALK, how would you say, I WALK? Yo ando. I walk Now expand on the phrase using the word you know for “SCHOOL.” I walk to school. Yo ando a escuela.

16 The verb “NECESITAR” means “to need.” Try this: I need a pencil. Yo necesito un lápiz.

17 The verb “TOCAR” means “to play (an instrument).” Try this: I play the guitar. Yo toco la guitarra.

18 The verb “VISITAR” means “to visit.” Try this: I visit my grandmother. Yo visito mi abuela.

19 InfinitiveMeaningyotúél/ellaustednosotrosellos/ellasustedes I do the action or I am speaking about myself You do the action or I am speaking directly TO you (familiar) Carlos or Maria complete an action You are speaking directly to Mr. Poznek (formal). We do the action or we are speaking about ourselves. Carlos y Juan or Elisa y Maria or all of them do the action or I am speaking ABOUT all of them. I am speaking directly TO Carlos, Juan, Elisa y Maria. Hablar Estudiar Bailar Necesitar Cantar Nadar Trabajar Enseñar Visitar Yo hablo Yo estudio Yo bailo Yo necesito Yo canto Yo nado Yo trabajo Yo enseño Yo visito To talk To study To dance To need To sing To swim To work To teach To visit

20 Step 1: For each hour on the clock, write an activity that you might do at that time, using the Spanish “yo” form. >Use your list of AR verbs. >Write on the inside of the clock. Yo bailo Yo trabajo Yo estudio Yo necesito una pluma Yo visito mi tía

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22 For regular verbs that end in AR, the ending of the “tú” form is “AS,” but we follow the same process.

23 AS Start with the infinitive: HABLAR Now, drop the “AR” To talk And replace it with an “AS” Tú hablas = You talk/Do you talk

24 AS Start with the infinitive: ESTUDIAR Drop the “AR” To study And replace it with an “AS” Tú estudias = You study/Do you study

25 AS Start with the infinitive: ESCUCHAR Drop the “AR” To listen And replace it with an “AS” Tú escuchas = You listen/Do you listen

26 ¿Tú escuchas a música rock?

27 AS Start with the infinitive: NECESITAR Drop the “AR” To need And replace it with an “AS” Tú necesitas = You need/Do you need

28 ¿Tú necesitas papel?

29 What is the “tú” form of the following verbs? Write it on your whiteboard. COCINAR BESAR ESCUCHAR HABLAR

30 Think about how you would answer the following question: ¿Tú hablas inglés? Sí, yo hablo inglés.

31 Think about how you would answer the following question: ¿Tú necesitas un lápiz? Sí, yo necesito un lápiz.

32 Think about how you would answer the following question: ¿ Tú estudias matemáticas? Sí, yo estudio matemáticas.

33 Think about how you would answer the following question: ¿ Tú practicas deportes? Yo no practico deportes.

34 Think about how you would answer the following question: ¿ Tú cocinas con tu madre? Yo no cocino con mi madre.

35 Use your glossary to write a question or statement using the tú form. Write the English translation underneath.

36 InfinitiveMeaningyotúél/ellaustednosotrosellos/ellasustedes I do the action or I am speaking about myself You do the action or I am speaking directly TO you (familiar) Carlos or Maria complete an action You are speaking directly to Mr. Poznek (formal). We do the action or we are speaking about ourselves. Carlos y Juan or Elisa y Maria or all of them do the action or I am speaking ABOUT all of them. I am speaking directly TO Carlos, Juan, Elisa y Maria. Hablar Estudiar Bailar Necesitar Cantar Nadar Trabajar Enseñar Visitar Tú hablas Tú estudias Tú bailas Tú necesitas Tú cantas Tú nadas Tú trabajas Tú enseñas Tú visitas To talk To study To dance To need To sing To swim To work To teach To visit

37 Escuchar – to listen Yo no escucho a música rap. Estudiar – to study Sí, yo estudio matemáticas.

38 Diálogo – Yo y Tú With a partner, write a short dialogue in which you each ask and answer a question using an AR Verb from your glossary. Each student needs to write down a copy of the script in Spanish, followed by the English translation. Remember to include a greeting and goodbye! Show your draft to Sra. Wicks today. Tomorrow, you will present your memorized dialogue and turn in both scripts, which should be re-written and free of errors.

39 Diálogo – Yo y Tú Betty: ¡Hola! Buenas tardes Barney. Barney: ¿Qué pasa Betty? Betty: Nada. Barney, ¿Tú llevas Nikes? Barney: Yo no llevo Nikes. ¿Tú tocas la guitarra? Betty: Sí, yo toco la guitarra. ¡Hasta luego! Barney: ¡Adiós!

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41 Present Tense AR Verbs Él, Ella & Usted He, She & You

42 For regular verbs that end in AR, the ending of the “él, ella and usted” form is “A,” and we follow the same process.

43 A Start with the infinitive: HABLAR Now, drop the “AR” To talk And replace it with an “A” Él habla = He talks ÉL

44 A Try again with another AR verb: BAILAR Drop the “AR” To dance And replace it with an “A” Ella baila = She dances ELLA Maria baila = Maria dances

45 A Try again with another AR verb: CANTAR Drop the “AR” To sing And replace it with an “A” Usted canta = You sing/Do you sing USTED

46 A Try again with another AR verb: ESCUCHAR Drop the “AR” To listen And replace it with an “A” Él escucha= He listens Fred escucha música= Fred listens to music ÉL

47 What is the THIRD PERSON SINGULAR (él, ella, usted) form of the following verbs? Write it on your whiteboard. BAILAR MANEJAR TEXTEAR HABLAR

48 So, now you know how to conjugate AR verbs in the present tense for SINGULAR subjects. Each time, drop the “AR” from the infinitive and add… Yo – O Tú - A Él, Ella, Usted - A

49 Translate the following on your white board: She studies. Ella estudia.

50 Translate the following on your white board: Luis dances. Luis baila.

51 Translate the following on your white board: Do you (formal) speak Spanish? Usted habla español?

52 Translate the following on your white board: I sing. Yo canto.

53 Translate the following on your white board: Luisa needs paper. Luisa necesita papel.

54 Translate the following on your white board: He studies art. Él estudia arte.

55 Translate the following on your white board: Do you need a pen? (Informal) ¿Tú necesitas una pluma?

56 Translate the following on your white board: I cook with my friend. Yo cocino con mi amigo.

57 Translate the following on your white board: Does Eduardo cook? ¿Él cocina?

58 Use your glossary to write a question or statement using the él form. Write the English translation underneath.

59 Use your glossary to write a question or statement using the ella form. Write the English translation underneath.

60 Use your glossary to write a question or statement using the usted form. Write the English translation underneath.

61 InfinitiveMeaningyotúél/ellaustednosotrosellos/ellasustedes I do the action or I am speaking about myself You do the action or I am speaking directly TO you (familiar) Carlos or Maria complete an action You are speaking directly to Mr. Poznek (formal). We do the action or we are speaking about ourselves. Carlos y Juan or Elisa y Maria or all of them do the action or I am speaking ABOUT all of them. I am speaking directly TO Carlos, Juan, Elisa y Maria. Hablar Estudiar Bailar Necesitar Cantar Nadar Trabajar Enseñar Visitar Él habla Ella estudia Él baila Ella necesita Él canta Ella nada Él trabaja Ella enseña Él visita To talk To study To dance To need To sing To swim To work To teach To visit

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63 Present Tense AR Verbs Plural Forms: Nosotros, Nosotras Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes

64 For regular verbs that end in AR, the ending of the “nosotros” and “nosotras” form is “AMOS,” and we follow the same process as with the singular forms.

65 AMOS Start with the infinitive: HABLAR Now, drop the “AR” To talk And replace it with an “AMOS” Nosotros hablamos = We (boys/co-ed) talk Tomás y yo hablamos = Thomas and I talk. nosotros

66 AMOS Try again with another AR verb: BAILAR Drop the “AR” To dance And replace it with an “AMOS” Nosotras bailamos = We dance (all girls). Claudia y yo bailamos = Claudia and I dance. nosotras

67 AMOS Try again with another AR verb: CANTAR Drop the “AR” To sing And replace it with an “AMOS” Nosotros cantamos = We sing nosotros

68 InfinitiveMeaningyotúél/ellaustednosotrosellos/ellasustedes I do the action or I am speaking about myself You do the action or I am speaking directly TO you (familiar) Carlos or Maria complete an action You are speaking directly to Mr. Poznek (formal). We do the action or we are speaking about ourselves. Carlos y Juan or Elisa y Maria or all of them do the action or I am speaking ABOUT all of them. I am speaking directly TO Carlos, Juan, Elisa y Maria. Hablar Estudiar Bailar Necesitar Cantar Nadar Trabajar Enseñar Visitar Nos. hablamos To talk To study To dance To need To sing To swim To work To teach To visit Nos. estudiamos Nos. bailamos Nos. necesitamos Nos. cantamos Nos. nadamos Nos. trabajamos Nos. enseñamos Nos. visitamos

69 For regular verbs that end in AR, the ending of the “ellos, ellas and ustedes” form is “AN,” and we follow the same process as singular verbs.

70 AN Start with the infinitive: HABLAR Now, drop the “AR” To talk And replace it with an “AN” Ellos hablan = They (boys/co-ed) talk. Juan y Juanita hablan = Juan and Juanita talk. ELLOS

71 AN Try again with another AR verb: BAILAR Drop the “AR” To dance And replace it with an “AN” Ellas bailan = They (all girls) dance. Maria y Laura bailan = Maria and Laura dance. ELLAS

72 AN Try again with another AR verb: CANTAR Drop the “AR” To sing And replace it with an “AN” Ustedes cantan = You all sing/Do you all sing? USTEDES

73 InfinitiveMeaningyotúél/ellaustednosotrosellos/ellasustedes I do the action or I am speaking about myself You do the action or I am speaking directly TO you (familiar) Carlos or Maria complete an action You are speaking directly to Mr. Poznek (formal). We do the action or we are speaking about ourselves. Carlos y Juan or Elisa y Maria or all of them do the action or I am speaking ABOUT all of them. I am speaking directly TO Carlos, Juan, Elisa y Maria. Hablar Estudiar Bailar Necesitar Cantar Nadar Trabajar Enseñar Visitar Ellos hablan To talk To study To dance To need To sing To swim To work To teach To visit Ellas estudian Ellos bailan Ellas necesitan Ellos cantan Ellas nadan Ellos trabajan Ellas enseñan Ellos visitan

74 In your notes, draw a 6 box grid. Cross out the box across from “tú.” Have 2 colors ready. SingularPlural XXXXXXXXX

75 Now, write out the full conjugation of the verb “NADAR.” Include subject pronouns and translations. It should look exactly like the grid below. SingularPlural Yo nado – I swimNosotros nadamos – We swim (boys) Nosotras nadamos – We swim (girls) Tú nadas – You swim (informal) XXXXXXXXX Él nada – He swims Ella nada – She swims Usted nada – You swim (formal) Ellos nadan – They swim (boys) Ellas nadan – They swim (girls) Ustedes nadan – You all swim Nadar – To swim

76 Listen to the song. Follow along with the lyrics.

77 Cut out the verb stems and verb endings. Lay them out on your desk. Also, take out your subject pronoun cards or pick them up from your class bin.

78 When you hear me say a subject pronoun, hold up the verb ending.

79 Now, when you hear me say a verb ending, hold up the subject pronoun card(s) that match.

80 Hold up the verb STEM and verb ENDING when you hear me say the verb phrase in Spanish. Then try again when you hear me say the verb phrase in English.

81 Follow these directions: 1. Ustedes buscan (look for) un amigo. 2. Ustedes sientan (sit) con el amigo.

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83 And now… a list of question words! Who - Quién What - Qué Where - Dónde When - Cuándo Which - Cuál


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