Presentation on theme: "Erik Erikson (1902-1994). Built upon—did not reject—Freud’s ideas -Psychosocial stages of development -Life-long -Heavily influenced by society and culture."— Presentation transcript:
Built upon—did not reject—Freud’s ideas -Psychosocial stages of development -Life-long -Heavily influenced by society and culture -Both positive and negative components to each stage -Unresolved conflicts may affect later development Eriksonian Psychology
1. Oral-Sensory Stage (birth – 1 year old) Conflict: Trust vs. Mistrust Since the child is so dependent, its sense of trust is determined by the care it receives during this stage.
2. Muscular-Anal Stage (1-3 years old) Conflict: Autonomy vs. Doubt Due to new motor and mental abilities, child’s sense of autonomy is determined by care during this stage.
3.Locomotor-Genital Stage (4-5 years old) Conflict: Initiative vs. Guilt Parents’ response to mental and physical activity leads to initiative or guilt.
4. Latency Stage (6-11 years old) Conflict: Industry vs. Inferiority Social forces beyond the family become influential. –The child’s ability to reason and create—and the facilitation of these abilities—leads to a sense of industry or inferiority.
5. Adolescence (12-18 years old) Conflict: Identity vs. Role Confusion The adolescent’s ability to synthesize abstract ideas, new world-views, and new physical characteristics lead to identity or confusion. –Society and culture play a larger role in this stage
6. Young Adulthood Conflict: Intimacy vs. Isolation A sense of personal identity combined with career can lead to either intimacy (not purely sexual) or isolation.
7. Adulthood Conflict: Generativity vs. Self-Absorption (or Stagnation) Concern for others (beyond family) or lack thereof are determined during this stage.
8. Maturity Conflict: Integrity vs. Despair Ability to look back on life with satisfaction determines integrity or despair.