Presentation on theme: "The admission of new states to the Union threatened to upset the balance between free states and slave states."— Presentation transcript:
The admission of new states to the Union threatened to upset the balance between free states and slave states.
What were these three men working on to help keep the US from a Civil War?
Social Studies Standard 8.9.4: Discuss the importance of the slavery issue as raised by the annexation of Texas and California’s admission to the union as a free state under the Compromise of 1850. Social Studies Standard 8.9.5: Analyze the significance of the States’ Rights Doctrine, the Missouri Compromise, the Compromise of 1850, Henry Clay’s role in the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850… Social Studies Standard 8.9.1: Describe the leaders of the movement (e.g., John Brown and the armed resistance). Social Studies Standard 8.10.4: Discuss Abraham Lincoln’s presidency and his significant writings and their relationship to the Declaration of Independence, such as his “House Divided” speech (1858).
propaganda: false or misleading information that is spread to further a cause. Harriet Beecher Stowe Stephen Douglas John Brown Dred Scott Roger B. Taney Abraham Lincoln
Main Idea & Details 1.Divide your paper into 8 sections. 1.Write down the section heading and the main idea. You will fill in the details at the end of the lesson.
The Compromise of 1850 The key part of the Compromise of 1850 related to the Fugitive Slave Act. Henry Clay Use two sections of your paper to take notes for “Texas Wins Independence” CA admitted as a free state Popular sovereignty would be used for the rest of the new states Fugitive Slave Act of 1850: no right to trial, white witness was all needed, northern citizens must help capture runaways
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Anger over the Fugitive Slave Act led Harriet Beecher Stowe to write the antislavery novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Use two sections of your paper to take notes for “Texas Wins Independence”
The Kansas-Nebraska Act The Kansas-Nebraska Act allowed settlers in the territories to decide whether their territory would allow slavery. Use two sections of your paper to take notes for “Texas Wins Independence” Sen. Stephen Douglas pushed through the Kansas- Nebraska Act in 1854.
Bleeding Kansas Kansas suffered widespread violence as proslavery and antislavery settlers battled for control. Use two sections of your paper to take notes for “Texas Wins Independence” John Brown, an antislavery settler from Connecticut, led seven med to a proslavery settlement where they killed five proslavery mend and boys. The violence continued in Congress shortly after (Sumner & Brooks).
A New Antislavery Party The goal of the new Republican Party was to stop the spread of slavery into western territories. Use two sections of your paper to take notes for “Texas Wins Independence”
The Dred Scott Decision The Dred Scott ruling meant that all American territories were open to slavery. Use two sections of your paper to take notes for “Texas Wins Independence” Dred Scott Chief Justice Roger B. Taney
The Lincoln-Douglas Debates Abraham Lincoln took a strong stand against slavery’s expansion in the Lincoln-Douglas debates while running for the Senate. Use two sections of your paper to take notes for “Texas Wins Independence” Against slavery Predicted slavery would die on own. Insisted in fair treatment of African Americans according to Dec. of Ind. Defended popular sovereignty Author of Kansas-Neb Act. Won the Senate election. “House Divided” speech
John Brown’s Raid Northern support of John Brown shocked and angered southern slaveholders. Returned to New England after being driven out of Kansas for massacre. Plotted to free people in the South. 1859 – attacked the town of Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Wanted to seize guns stored by army Col. Robert E. Lee killed 10 of Brown’s followers. Brown was captured, found guilty of treason, and hanged. Northern supporters mourned his death. John Brown’s Body: Pete Seeger
INDEPENDENT WORK 1.Read pages 362-372 in the History textbook. 1.Take more detailed notes based on the “big idea” concepts just introduced.
HOMEWORK CONNECTION Complete 10-2/10-3 Section Quizzes Write a detailed SUMMARY of the section and complete the UNANSWERED QUESTIONS section of your notes. Choose two of the remaining Depth & Complexity ICONS in your notes and explain how they relate to this section.