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Slavery in the Colonies. Indentured Servants to Slaves Blacks and whites worked side by side as indentured servants Were punished the same Had rights.

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Presentation on theme: "Slavery in the Colonies. Indentured Servants to Slaves Blacks and whites worked side by side as indentured servants Were punished the same Had rights."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slavery in the Colonies

2 Indentured Servants to Slaves Blacks and whites worked side by side as indentured servants Were punished the same Had rights Could protest to courts Burning in Jamestown in 1676 Made slavery more attractive to plantation owners Plantations: large farms

3 Plantation

4 Plantations Small villages Center- “Big House” Overseer: boss of plantation Bossed slaves around, punished them Indentured servant, slave who got profit Worked in fields, skilled workers (furniture, tools, leather goods, glass)

5

6 Making Slavery Legal Massachusetts was the first colony 1641 Others followed 1667 Virginia allowed Africans or Indians even if they were Christian 1682 Virginia passed another law

7 1655 First Slave Auction in New York City

8 Slave Codes Keep slaves under control Not allowed to practice religion, read, marry, own property Slave killers would not be punished Couldn’t help a slave escape Even free slaves had limitations Codes spread through South

9 Growth of Slavery in the North Slavery grew in 1600s ,000 slaves in Virginia ,000 slaves in colonies Because farms were smaller in New England and Middle colonies, didn’t need many slaves Slaves in north worked side by side with owner

10 Growth of Slavery in the South Slaves brought from Ghana and Nigeria Spoke different languages Slave traders/holders kept those that spoke the same language away from each other so they couldn’t communicate Still found a way to communicate with each other

11 Family Helped each other survive Tried to keep in contact Visit children on Sundays Told stories, sang songs Some songs used to secretly pass on information Planned escapes Secretly learned to read

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13 Rebellions New York Slave Codes-seen as cause of Revolt in 1712 Enslaved Africans and Native Americans burned and destroyed homes in New York City Nine whites were killed After revolt, no more than 2 or 3 people allowed to meet. Had to be home by certain time

14 Rebellion Stono Rebellion on 1739 Cato 30 Colonists killed in South Carolina Security Act Law that made all white men carry firearms on Sunday

15 John Woolman Spoke out against slavery in 1700s Quaker “The color of a man [means] nothing in matters of right and [equality]” Traveled throughout Southern Colonies Asked slave-holders to release captives Robert Carter III released 500 slaves


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