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The Southern Colonies: Plantations and Slavery The Economy of the Southern Colonies relied heavily on Slave Labor.

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Presentation on theme: "The Southern Colonies: Plantations and Slavery The Economy of the Southern Colonies relied heavily on Slave Labor."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Southern Colonies: Plantations and Slavery The Economy of the Southern Colonies relied heavily on Slave Labor

2 Key Vocabulary and Key People Key Terms IndigoOverseer Stono Rebellion Key People Eliza Lucas William byrd II

3 Slow Growth  Plantations, and cash crops, lead to growth and trade in Southern Colonies  Plantations were self-sufficient limiting the growth of cities with the exception of Charles Town  As Plantations Continued to grow, the use of slaves grew even more

4 Beginning of Slavery  African and Indentured Servants worked together prior to 1665, but when indentured servants left plantations, slavery increased  Native Americans were used as slaved but they began to die out or run away  African Slavery replaced the Native Americans and made up 40% of the southern population

5 Back Breaking Work  Slavery Spread to South Carolina and Georgia and helped establish plantations in the swamps  Rice required heavy maintenance and led to rice growing slaves in the regions  Indigo,a blue dye, introduced by Eliza Lucas, grew in the high grounds of South Carolina

6 A new Upper Class  Families, such as the William Byrd Family, used slaves to grow more crops and grow wealthier  The planter class bought small farms to increase their plantations and their political and economic power  While some planters were good, most acted as tyrants using violence to control their slaves

7 Hard Knock Life  Overseers oversaw the work of about slaves who worked 15 hours a day and could be punished for lack of work  Slaves lived in small cabins and were fed very little, with some allowed to farm on their own  Slaves, despite harsh living conditions, kept their identity and culture, and family together

8 20 Slave March  Slaves tried to resist their slavery by working slowly, damaging goods, or working the wrong way  The Stono Rebellion saw 20 slaves rebel against slave owners killing many as they marched to freedom  The Slaves were captured, and executed, by a white militia before they could reach Florida

9 Rebellion Aftermath  Frequent rebellions led to Strict Slave Codes in the South  Slaves could not leave plantations or meet with free Africans  Plantations, and slavery, in the south created a HUGE difference in cultures from the North

10 This has Been another World Famous Mr. Green PowerPoint Presentation Have a GREAT Weekend


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