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The Southern Colonies: Plantations and Slavery

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Presentation on theme: "The Southern Colonies: Plantations and Slavery"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Southern Colonies: Plantations and Slavery
The Economy of the Southern Colonies relied heavily on Slave Labor

2 Key Vocabulary and Key People
Key Terms Indigo Overseer Stono Rebellion Key People Eliza Lucas William byrd II

3 Slow Growth Plantations, and cash crops, lead to growth and trade in Southern Colonies Plantations were self-sufficient limiting the growth of cities with the exception of Charles Town As Plantations Continued to grow, the use of slaves grew even more

4 Beginning of Slavery African and Indentured Servants worked together prior to 1665, but when indentured servants left plantations, slavery increased Native Americans were used as slaved but they began to die out or run away African Slavery replaced the Native Americans and made up 40% of the southern population

5 Back Breaking Work Slavery Spread to South Carolina and Georgia and helped establish plantations in the swamps Rice required heavy maintenance and led to rice growing slaves in the regions Indigo,a blue dye, introduced by Eliza Lucas, grew in the high grounds of South Carolina

6 A new Upper Class Families, such as the William Byrd Family, used slaves to grow more crops and grow wealthier The planter class bought small farms to increase their plantations and their political and economic power While some planters were good, most acted as tyrants using violence to control their slaves

7 Hard Knock Life Overseers oversaw the work of about slaves who worked 15 hours a day and could be punished for lack of work Slaves lived in small cabins and were fed very little, with some allowed to farm on their own Slaves, despite harsh living conditions, kept their identity and culture, and family together

8 20 Slave March Slaves tried to resist their slavery by working slowly, damaging goods, or working the wrong way The Stono Rebellion saw 20 slaves rebel against slave owners killing many as they marched to freedom The Slaves were captured, and executed, by a white militia before they could reach Florida

9 Rebellion Aftermath Frequent rebellions led to Strict Slave Codes in the South Slaves could not leave plantations or meet with free Africans Plantations, and slavery, in the south created a HUGE difference in cultures from the North

10 This has Been another World Famous Mr. Green PowerPoint Presentation
Have a GREAT Weekend

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