Presentation on theme: "Eli Whitney – Inventor of the Cotton Gin. Who? Eli Whitney When? 1793 Why? Wanted to make work easier for slaves and it sped up the process of cleaning."— Presentation transcript:
Eli Whitney – Inventor of the Cotton Gin.
Who? Eli Whitney When? 1793 Why? Wanted to make work easier for slaves and it sped up the process of cleaning cotton. Where? South Effects? Vast movement Westward Cotton exports increased Native Americans forced off of Southern Land. Large work force required – slavery increased
Cotton production in the south greatly increases Slavery increased
Slaveholders w/ large plantations Wealthiest Most powerful Called planter class Southern farmers with few or no slaves Hoped to one day own slaves to be a planter
Both planters and small farmers shared the belief that slavery was necessary to increase profits.
Enslaved – 1/3 Southern population Plantation slaves worked in the fields w/ white overseer City slaves were domestic servants, craftsmen, factory hands, etc Free – 8% of Southern population How? Born free or bought freedom Problems: weren't allowed to vote or get an education, faced prejudice, being captured & sold into slavery
Slaves used religion to endure harsh life. Owners used it to make slaves accept their life.
Religious folk songs Contained messages Influenced jazz, blues and other American genres SWING LOW SWEET CHARIOT (First version)" Swing low, sweet chariot Coming for to carry me home.. I looked over Jordan and what did I see Coming for to carry me home A band of angels coming after me Coming for to carry me home If you get there before I do Coming for to carry me home Tell all my friends I'm coming to Coming for to carry me home
Families were pulled apart When together, they took comfort in their family
“Out-right” rebellion Slow downs Escaping (sometimes to visit families) Broke tools Nat Turner – preacher & slave Led 70 followers Killed 55 whites Captured when ammo ran out
Spread fear 200 blacks were killed in revenge Harsh slave laws passed