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Continued Increase in Tension Over Slavery. Do Now: Read the brief background info below on Dred Scott. Then read Chief Justice Taney’s Court Decision.

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Presentation on theme: "Continued Increase in Tension Over Slavery. Do Now: Read the brief background info below on Dred Scott. Then read Chief Justice Taney’s Court Decision."— Presentation transcript:

1 Continued Increase in Tension Over Slavery

2 Do Now: Read the brief background info below on Dred Scott. Then read Chief Justice Taney’s Court Decision. Answer questions 1 and 2. Do Now: Read the brief background info below on Dred Scott. Then read Chief Justice Taney’s Court Decision. Answer questions 1 and 2. Background Info: Dred Scott’s owner took him to a free state, then back to slave state, Scott took owner to court arguing he should be free. Background Info: Dred Scott’s owner took him to a free state, then back to slave state, Scott took owner to court arguing he should be free. HW – Chapter 19B due Tuesday

3 Frederick Douglass’ Response Frederick Douglass’ Response

4 Dred Scott vs. Sanford Case (1857) Dred Scott’s owner took him to a free state, then back to slave state Dred Scott’s owner took him to a free state, then back to slave state Scott took owner to court arguing he should be free. Scott took owner to court arguing he should be free. Chief Justice Taney ruled that Scott could not sue for his freedom Chief Justice Taney ruled that Scott could not sue for his freedom Constitution and citizenship did not apply to blacks Constitution and citizenship did not apply to blacks Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional (Congress had no right to take away property) Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional (Congress had no right to take away property) Northerners feared that slave power might extend further, perhaps including German and Irish immigrants Northerners feared that slave power might extend further, perhaps including German and Irish immigrants

5 Lecompton Constitution Pro-Slavery gov. developed Constitution in Kansas Pro-Slavery gov. developed Constitution in Kansas Problem, outnumbered by Free- Soilers 10-1 who rejected Constitution Problem, outnumbered by Free- Soilers 10-1 who rejected Constitution President Buchanan supported constitution President Buchanan supported constitution Stephen Douglas stepped up & said popular sovereignty should rule Stephen Douglas stepped up & said popular sovereignty should rule Made him look like a hero to Northerners Made him look like a hero to Northerners

6 Illinois Senate Election of 1858 Douglas Platform: Douglas Platform: Popular Sovereignty Decides Popular Sovereignty Decides Freeport Doctrine: people could keep slavery out by refusing to enact black codes and other laws necessary for its survival Freeport Doctrine: people could keep slavery out by refusing to enact black codes and other laws necessary for its survival Lincoln Platform: Lincoln Platform: Slavery should not be extended into territories, Immoral practice Slavery should not be extended into territories, Immoral practice

7 Results IL Senate Election of 1858 Lincoln loses election, but gains national prominence for his arguments Lincoln loses election, but gains national prominence for his arguments

8 John Brown's Raid John Brown's Raid Brown and his followers planned a slave insurrection to begin in western Virginia. Brown and his followers planned a slave insurrection to begin in western Virginia. Seized federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, but was quickly captured, tried, and hanged. Seized federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, but was quickly captured, tried, and hanged. Impact of Brown Impact of Brown Northern abolitionists (Emerson and Thoreau) viewed him as a martyr, taking action against the evil of slavery Northern abolitionists (Emerson and Thoreau) viewed him as a martyr, taking action against the evil of slavery Southerners generally viewed Brown as a madman, symbolizing the fanatical hatred of the North Southerners generally viewed Brown as a madman, symbolizing the fanatical hatred of the North Moderates (Lincoln) condemned Brown's action, while admiring his commitment to countering slavery Moderates (Lincoln) condemned Brown's action, while admiring his commitment to countering slavery

9 Election of 1860 Election of 1860 Democrats split into northern and southern factions and nominated two candidates (Douglas and Breckenridge) Democrats split into northern and southern factions and nominated two candidates (Douglas and Breckenridge) Former Whigs nominated Bell in an attempt to preserve Union with Constitutional Union Party. Strong only in Virginia and upper South Former Whigs nominated Bell in an attempt to preserve Union with Constitutional Union Party. Strong only in Virginia and upper South Republicans nominated Lincoln as a moderate compromise candidate. Republicans nominated Lincoln as a moderate compromise candidate.


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