2 A New Political PartyAntislavery Whigs and Democrats joined forces with Free-soilers to form Republican PartyRepublican party we have todayRepublican party strength lays in the North. Why?
3 The election of 1856 Republican Party nominated John Fremont “Free soil, free speech and Fremont”Democrat Party nominated James Buchanan supported Popular SovereigntyKnow Nothing (American Party) nominated Millard FillmoreJames Buchanan won
4 Dred Scott DecisionDred Scott was an enslaved African American bought by an army doctor in MissouriMoved with owner to Wisconsin territory where slavery was outlawed by Northwest OrdinanceMoved back to Missouri and owner diedAbolitionist helped Dred Scott sue for freedomWent to Supreme Court
5 Courts Decision Chief Roger Taney decision Dred Scott still a slave Being a slave, he is not a citizen and had no right to bring a lawsuitRuled that enslaved person was property and can’t take property away from people without “due process of law”Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional because Congress had no power to prohibit slaveryEven popular Sovereignty could not ban slavery
6 Reaction to Court Case Divided the country even more South praised North called the decision “a wicked and false judgment and the greatest crime ever committed in the nation’s court
7 Lincoln –Douglas Debates Stephen Douglass was known as “the Little Giant”. He was a very popular Senator.Abraham Lincoln ran against Douglas.Douglas was the favorite to win.
8 Lincoln-Douglas Debates Douglas believed issue should be settled with popular sovereignty. He believed “This Union can exist forever divided into free and slave states as our fathers made it.”Lincoln saw slavery as morally wrong. He stated “I believe that this government cannot endure permantently half slave and half slave.”
9 Douglas Wins but Lincoln gains national attention!