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© 2009 abcteach.com 15.3 Challenges to slavery Points in time 1854 - Republican Party is formed 1856 - James Buchanan is elected president 1857 - Dred Scott decision states that all slaves are properties 1859 – John Brown raids Harpers Ferry, Virginia
© 2009 abcteach.com 15.3 Challenges to slavery The Republican Party 1854 - Republican Party is formed Antislavery Whigs Antislavery Democrats Free-Soilers to rally as one man to establish liberty and to overthrow the Slave Power
© 2009 abcteach.com 15.3 Challenges to slavery The Republican Party won control of the House of the Representatives almost no support in the south
© 2009 abcteach.com Challenges to slavery The election of 1856 Republicans - John C. Fremont; an explorer in the west, a champion of free CA; sectional party and abolitionists Democrats - James Buchanan; PA, minister to Great Britain, untainted by the Kansas troubles; popular sovereignty
© 2009 abcteach.com Challenges to slavery The election of 1856 American Party (Know-Nothing) - Millard Fillmore Southern votes won Buchanan the presidency After the election the Know- Nothings who opposed slavery joined the Republicans
© 2009 abcteach.com Challenges to slavery Dred Scott Case Dred Scott; an enslaved African American sued for his freedom after his master died claimed that he should be free by virtue of his residence on free soil
© 2009 abcteach.com Challenges to slavery Court’s decision Chief Justice Roger Taney ruled that Scott was a property and has no right to sue. 5 th amendment was cited Missouri compromise was ruled unconstitutional
© 2009 abcteach.com Challenges to slavery reaction to the decision many southerners were elated Republicans were outraged “wicked and false judgment” “greatest crime” vowed to reverse the decision if they won the presidency in 1860 Frederick Douglas was hopeful
© 2009 abcteach.com Challenges to slavery Lincoln against Douglas senate race, Illinois incumbent, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas; successful lawyer, won a seat in the house 1842, senate in 1846, “Little Giant”, antislavery, but believes in popular sovereignty as a way to solve the issue
© 2009 abcteach.com Challenges to slavery Lincoln against Douglas challenger, Republican Abraham Lincoln, successful lawyer, lacks formal education, excellent political instincts, saw slavery as morally wrong and should not be allowed to spread admits that there is no easy way to eliminate slavery where it already existed
© 2009 abcteach.com Challenges to slavery the lincoln – douglas debates 1858; August – October, seven times Slavery Douglas accused Lincoln of pointing to the breakup of the union Freeport Doctrine; people could exclude slavery by refusing to pass laws protecting slaveholders rights
© 2009 abcteach.com Challenges to slavery the lincoln – douglas debates Douglas was reelected to Senate in 1858, but lost support of the south in the 1860 presidential election Lincoln lost the senate race, but gained national spotlight and support as a presidential candidate.
© 2009 abcteach.com Challenges to slavery John Brown’s Raid John Brown, killed 5 proslavery Kansans in 1856 October 1859, Harper’s Ferry, VA Colonel Robert E. Lee; 10 men including two of Brown’s sons killed; 1 marine 4 civilians, 2 slaves guilty of murder and treason Hanged Dec. 2, 1859
© 2009 abcteach.com Challenges to slavery sectional response Denounced for promoting violence A hero to some Ralph Waldo Emerson called him a martyr
Ch 18 sec 3-4 I. Dred Scott decision Biggest Supreme Court ruling before the Civil War. Chief Justice Roger Taney ruled that Scott was –Was not a citizen,
The Crisis Deepens Take notes as the lecture is given. You will need to copy the titles and what is in red.
The Republican Party -Birth of the Republican party 1854
Challenges to Slavery 15-3.
Copy these Study Questions on NB What issues led to the creation of the Republican Party? 18.What was the Supreme Court ruling in the Dred Scott.
Continued Increase in Tension Over Slavery. Do Now: Read the brief background info below on Dred Scott. Then read Chief Justice Taney’s Court Decision.
Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811 – 1896) So this is the lady who started the Civil War. -- Abraham Lincoln So this is the lady who started the Civil War. --
Chapter 15 Slavery and the West Country is fighting over slavery Sectionalism grows Henry Clay proposes Missouri Compromise Preserved balance in Senate.
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY EMERGES
Lincoln-Douglas Debates, John Brown’s Raid. The Republican Party By the mid 1850’s, people who opposed slavery wanted a new political voice. No party.
Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 Political Realignment Deepens the Crisis Analyze how deepening sectional distrust affected the nation’s.
Section 3 - Slavery Dominates Politics
The Crisis Deepens 14.3.
Chapter 15 Toward Civil War ( )
Road to Civil War Challenges to Slavery p
Challenges to Slavery The Supreme Court’s decision in the Dred Scott case resulted in even more division in the country.
Chapter 15 Section 3 Challenges to Slavery.
The Road to the Civil War 17-3, 18-1, 18-2, and 18-3.
The Crisis Deepens Chapter 8 Section 2 Chapter 8 Section 2.
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