2 The United StatesThe Treaty of Paris officially named the United States of America as a new country.Treaty = gave most British Lands south of the Great Lakes and east of the Mississippi River to the United StatesBritish still held some forts.Spain claimed lands west of the Mississippi River.
3 A New Territory The United States had many debts post-war. American Revolution = costlyDebt something owned, often moneyMany American soldiers, farmers, and merchants had not been paid.France, which helped the United States win the war by sending soldiers and supplies, was also owed money.
4 A New TerritoryCongress decided to use lands in an area that came to be called the Northwest Territory to help pay debts.Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and part of MinnesotaTerritory an area owned and governed by a countryPlan = Congress would pay some soldiers with land instead of money. Other lands in the territory would be sold to raise money.
6 Settling the Northwest Territory Before Congress could use the lands in the Northwest Territory, it had to settle some border conflicts.Parts were claimed by states (Virginia, New York)In many ways, the 13 colonies acted like separate countries before the Revolutionary War.The war had shown the importance of acting as one nation.To support the new government, states gave up their land claims.
7 The Land Ordinance of 1785Land Ordinance of 1785 a plan passed by Congress to settle the Northwest TerritoryOrdinance lawThe ordinance told how the Northwest Territory would be surveyed (measured).Land was divided into squares called townships.Each township was then divided into 36 smaller squares (sections).Each section was one square mile.One section in each township was set aside for a school.
9 The Northwest Ordinance 1787 Congress passed the Northwest OrdinanceThis law set up a plan for governing the Northwest TerritoryDescribed how new states would be formedLand in the Northwest Territory would be divided into large territories.Once a territory had 60,000 people, it could become a state.Each new state would be equal to the other state in every way.
10 The Northwest Ordinance The Northwest Ordinance promised settlers freedom of religion and other rights.Right a freedom that belongs to a personSlavery was banned in states formed from the Northwest Territory.Congress appointed Arthur St. Clair, a former Revolutionary War general, as governor of the Northwest Territory.Part of his task was to stop the fighting between settlers and Native Americans.
11 The Northwest Ordinance Native Americans in the Northwest Territory did not want to leave their lands.1789 St. Clair convinced some tribes to sign the Treaty of Fort HarmarTribes gave up much of their landsMost Native Americans ignored the treaty because many leaders were not at the treaty talks.
13 The Ohio Territory Land in the Northwest Territory did not cost much. Some land was sold for less than $1 an acre.The land was sold in big pieces, usually to companies who then sold similar pieces of land to settlers.
14 Early Towns Many people were eager to settle in what is now Ohio. As land became easier to buy, settlers from eastern states and Europe began to move to the region.Marietta first town in the Ohio TerritoryFounded by 50 settlers in 1788Led by Rufus Putnam started one of the companies that had bought land in Ohio from the government
16 Early Towns Cincinnati Belpre Cleveland Land purchased by John Cleves SymmesOriginally named Losantiville in 1790 by Arthur St. ClairBelpreBathsheba Rouse first female teacher in Ohio TerritoryBegan teaching in this are in 1789ClevelandRebecca Fuller and her family were the first Europeans to settle in this area.Their log cabin served as the community’s store, trading post, church and jail.
17 Farms and Businesses Farmers in Ohio: Grew wheat, corn, and fruit.Raised cattle, pigs, and sheep which were often sold to people in eastern cities.Early businesses in Ohio served settlers.Mills ground grain into flour.Cincinnati became a pork-processing center in the early 1800s Other businesses build farm tools, and there were stores, blacksmiths, and barbers in early towns.