Presentation on theme: "Northwest Territory One of the most important accomplishments under the Articles of Confederation Planned to sell land to raise revenue By 1784, a plethora."— Presentation transcript:
Northwest Territory One of the most important accomplishments under the Articles of Confederation Planned to sell land to raise revenue By 1784, a plethora of individuals moved westward –Caused problems with Native Americans –Federal leaders could not afford to fight wars; decided to regulate settlement
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE I.CONFEDERATION: a group of loosely joined, but sovereign states.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE A.Problem: Many states made claims to the western lands (Northwest Territory). Boundaries of the Northwest Territory: Great Lakes (north), Pennsylvania (east), Ohio River (south), Mississippi River (west)
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE B.Solution to the Problem: All states agreed to cede (give) their claims to Congress, so Congress can sell the land for the good of the country (confederation). NATIONAL DOMAIN – Public land
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE II.LAND ORDINANCE of 1785: Congress ’ s plan to sell the land of the Northwest Territory. A.Rectangular Survey System – carefully surveyed the land into squares to be sold.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE 1.Township – the largest division of land. It is thirty-six square miles.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE 2.Section – 36 sections in a township. It is one square mile or 640 acres.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE 3.Acre – the smallest division of land. It sold for $1 per acre. The average size farm was 40 acres. So, it sold for $40.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE B.Education – the sale from one section of each township goes to start a school for that township. How much went for education? Answer: $640
III.THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 this document establishes… the principles and procedures for the orderly expansion of the United States.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 A.Statehood: 1.When the population reaches 5,000 adult males the area can: a.Establish an elected assembly b.Governor still had absolute veto power
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 2.When the population reaches 60,000 adult males the area can: a.can write a state constitution and apply for statehood. b.If Congress approves the state Constitution that area will become a state.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 Five states: Indiana (1816) Ohio (1803 ) Illinois (1818) Michigan (1837) Wisconsin (1848)
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 Rights Guaranteed: 1.Trial by jury 2.Public education 3.Freedom of religion 4.Prohibition of slavery
Conflicts with Spain and Britain The Spanish forbid American trade with New Orleans Relations with Britain deteriorated –They rejected free trade and reverted back to mercantilism American Congress not strong enough to fight against these policies/violations
Weakness of the Articles of Confederation Congress could not levy or collect taxes Congress was powerless to regulate interstate commerce or foreign trade Each state had only 1 vote in Congress (regardless of size) 2/3 majority was required to pass laws Articles could only be amended with the consent of ALL states No separate executive branch to enforce acts of Congress No system or federal courts
Shay’s Rebellion Economic problems in MA and other states People had too little money; states continued to place high taxes Farms could be auctioned off and the farmers could be put in jail Farmers asked for debt relief, Massachusetts Legislature refused.
Led by Daniel Shays, Revolutionary War Veteran Marched over 1,000 men to federal arsenal; but were put down Farmers lost; but gained sympathy throughout country Convinced many Americans that the country needed a new government American leaders hoped that the national issues could be solved by strengthening the national government.