What encouraged (or pushed) so many Americans to go West (or did they get pulled West)? A belief in the philosophy of Manifest Destiny, which stated that …..
…. God, …, clearly wanted hard– working American(s) to occupy North America. It was inevitable and good that the United States occupy the continent “from sea to shining sea.”
“It is,” he wrote, “our manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions.” John L. O’Sullivan (editor) gave these ideas a name: Manifest Destiny
What incentives does the government provide to help fulfill this “manifest destiny” and pull people west?
Incentives to go west #1: Homestead Act (1862) for approximately $10, settlers could have 160 acres of western land, if they met certain criteria:
American citizens who were 21 years or older, or the head of a household Built a home on their lot, and lived in it at least 6 mos. of the year Farmed the land for 5 years or more
Daniel Freeman was the first American to file a homestead claim for land under the Homestead Act of 1862.
Almanzo Wilder received a patent granting him title to 160 acres in Dakota Territory that for five years he had homesteaded with his wife Laura Ingalls Wilder. Homesteaders would often display the patent as proof of their hard work.
Mr. & Mrs. David Vincent and daughter, Martha, by their sod house near White River, South Dakota
Sod Tough layer of prairie sod. The turf is held together for a depth of about a foot. The durability of the sod layer prevents erosion from taking place at the same rate as on the deposits below it.
A question to ponder... The Homestead Act, Pacific Railways Act, and Morrill Land Grants are government incentives and their method to conquer the land. What Technology and/or Tools might the people need? Change the last box of your notes from “Potential Conflicts”