Presentation on theme: "Westward Expansion. In 1780, 2.7 million people lived in the original 13 states By 1830, 12 million people lived in 24 states –The average family had."— Presentation transcript:
Pull Factors Think about this... What “pulled” you to SS today?
Why did the government encourage so many Americans to go west? A belief in the philosophy of Manifest Destiny, which stated that …..
…. God, …, clearly wanted hard– working American(s) to occupy North America. It was inevitable and good that the United States occupy the continent “from sea to shining sea.”
It is, he wrote, “our manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions.” John L. O’Sullivan gave these ideas a name: Manifest Destiny.
As a result of the American Revolution, Britain cedes its territory east of the Mississippi
War with Mexico After nearly 10 years, the United States decides the time is right to annex Texas. Mexico protests – war is declared
New Land! War ends with the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hildalgo The US obtains land in what is now California, New Mexico, Arizona and Texas (1.2 million square miles) The Gadsden Purchase completes our southwest territory
Incentives to go west included: The Pacific Railways Act –granted railroad company’s 10 square miles on either side of each track laid west Morrill-Land Grants –land grants from states to educational facilities with curriculum tied to agriculture and mechanical arts –(Texas A&M, Oklahoma A&M etc..)
Incentives to go west included: Homestead Act – for approximately $10, settlers could have 160 acres of western land, if they met certain criteria: American citizens who were 21 years or older, or the head of a household Built a home on their lot, and lived in it at least 6 mos. of the year Farmed the land for 5 years or more
Native American Wars Indian Removal Act 1830’s Pres. Andrew Jackson removed all major Nat. Am. Tribes to the west of the MS River (Oklahoma) Trail of Tears Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw, & Seminole