Presentation on theme: "2 Explain how to implement green fleets Learn about incentives for converting to biodiesel fleets Learn about the availability and cost of biodiesel."— Presentation transcript:
2 Explain how to implement green fleets Learn about incentives for converting to biodiesel fleets Learn about the availability and cost of biodiesel fuel Identify the advantages of using biodiesel Understand how to safely handle biodiesel Objectives
3 Why use green fleets? Reduce operating costs Reduce greenhouse gas emissions Improve corporate image Greening of Fleets
4 How to Implement Green Fleets Get buy-in Create long-term objectives Avoid setting reduction goals in absolute numbers Anticipate obstacles Move slowly Improve vehicle use Track and report progress
5 Conventional diesel = refined petroleum Emissions/pollution concerns Dependence on foreign petroleum supplies Biodiesel = fuel made from natural products Domestically produced Similar to conventional diesel Soy methyl ester diesel (SME) Biodiesel Fleets
Did You Know? 7 Hundreds of U.S. fleets, representing more than 25,000 vehicles from commercial, government, utility, and transit use, currently run on biodiesel. Source: Biodiesel.org.
8 B20 = most common blend B5 and B2 also popular Heavy-duty vehicles: Buses Farm equipment Military vehicles Biodiesel Fleets Figure 1: Biodiesel-fueled bucket truck. Source: AFDC.
9 Biodiesel benefits: Betterment of health and environment Efficiency of our economy Sustained strategic energy security Reduced dependence on foreign oil Pure biodiesel is: Nontoxic Biodegradable Sulfur-free
10 Incentives: Partnership initiatives and pooled resources Financial subsidiaries Informational tools Initial cost vs. federal and state incentives American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Clean Cities Program Incentives for Using Biodiesel in Fleets
11 Tax Incentives Internal Revenue Service tax credit $1.00/gallon for agri-based biodiesel $0.50/gallon for recycled cooking oil biodiesel Tax credits/rebates vary by state
12 Federal Grant Funding Federal government = largest grant provider U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Transportation Environmental Protection Agency U.S. Department of Agriculture Different Opportunities from each agency
13 State Grant Funding State Energy Office National Association of State Energy Officials directory Alternative Fuels Data Center map Individualized fleet manager resources
14 Incentives for Biodiesel Production U.S. Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency Biomass Crop Assistance Program: Payment matching for delivery of material to processing Contracts with the Commodity Credit Corporation Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers
15 Federal incentives are available for producers of bioenergy feedstock. To learn more, visit: www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/laws
16 Biodiesel is global European Union produces large amounts of biodiesel U.S. = more than 2,800 retailers 15 manufacturers, more than 17 models Biodiesel Availability and Cost
20 Domestic production – renewable resources Compatible with most diesel engines Fewer particulate matter/greenhouse gas emissions No new fueling infrastructure needed Creation of jobs Rural development Biodegradable Nontoxic Safe to handle Biodiesel Advantages
21 Things to Consider Blends above B5 – warranties Lower fuel economy/power More expensive Higher nitrogen oxide emissions B100 not suitable in low temperatures B100 vs. engine durability
22 Similarity to ultralow-sulfur diesel: Fuel consumption Horsepower Torque Hauling capabilities Little/no engine and infrastructure modifications Increased lubricity Biodiesel Performance and Safety
23 Performance Fuel filter issues Cold weather: Thickening Cloud point Pour point Different blends Cold flow preparation
24 Biodiesel Performance Summary Similar horsepower to diesel Natural lubricant Cleans engines Faster ignition Poor cold flow properties
25 Safety Less combustible More biodegradable Higher flashpoint Diamond placards Figure 4: NFPA 704 hazard placard for B100 biodiesel. Source: NFPA.
26 Safety Possible combustion Biodiesel-soaked items Follow specific handling steps Figure 5: Hazardous material UN 1993 placard for diesel. Source: USDOT, PHMSA.
28 1.True or False: The cost of biodiesel depends on the biodiesel blend. (Ex: B20 costs less than B100) 2. Biodiesel is produced from feedstocks such as soy bean oil and vegetable oil. New research also suggests that ____________ can be made into biodiesel. 3.True or False: The biggest obstacle for widespread biodiesel use in fleets, and other alternative fuels, is lack of infrastructure. 4. List one of the three reasons mentioned in the text as to why the U.S. should use biodiesel. 5.True or False: Fleet managers should expect to change fuel filters after the first tank of biodiesel runs through their vehicle. Test Your Knowledge