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2 Objectives  Describe how biodiesel may help improve public health  Describe the benefits of biodiesel to the environment  Explain how biodiesel may.

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Presentation on theme: "2 Objectives  Describe how biodiesel may help improve public health  Describe the benefits of biodiesel to the environment  Explain how biodiesel may."— Presentation transcript:

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2 2 Objectives  Describe how biodiesel may help improve public health  Describe the benefits of biodiesel to the environment  Explain how biodiesel may help stimulate the economy  Describe what energy security is and how using biodiesel can help attain it  Explain the future of biodiesel  Explain the suggested actions to support biodiesel

3 3  Cleaner-burning fuel  Domestically produced from renewable resources  Promotes energy self-sufficiency  Creation of jobs in agricultural sector  Almost any diesel vehicle can use biodiesel with little or no modification  Easiest fuel to implement due to existing infrastructure and blending Why Consider Biodiesel?

4 4 Figure 1: Emission reductions achieved by the use of biodiesel blends. Source: NBB.

5 5 Advantages of Biodiesel  Energy self-sufficiency  Creation of jobs within the U.S.  Reduced exhaust emissions  Use of domestically grown crops  Growth within the U.S. agricultural sector Special Note: NEVER use any clean or used grease or vegetable oil that has not been processed for biodiesel usage.

6 6 Figure 2: Biodiesel and petro-diesel facts and figures. Source: Fueleconomy.gov. Biodiesel Compared to Conventional Diesel

7 7  There are many benefits of using biodiesel to fuel vehicles:  Betterment of health and environment  Benefits to the U.S. economy  National energy security  Reduce dependence on foreign oil Biodiesel Benefits

8 8  Biodegradable and nontoxic  Exhaust hot as strong smelling as conventional diesel  No threat to human health  Reduces emissions that cause respiratory illness  In 2000, biodiesel became only alternative fuel in U.S. to complete EPA health effects testing under the Clean Air Act Health Benefits

9 Did You Know? 9 The direct benefits from the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments are estimated to reach almost $2 trillion for the year 2020, a figure that dwarfs the direct costs of implementation ($65 billion). Source: EPA Second Prospective Report, released April 2011.

10 10  Carbon-neutral  Plants remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere  Made from plant material  GHG emissions are reduced because biodiesel releases carbon dioxide that crops originally removed  According to EPA, biodiesel can reduce GHG emissions  Can be used with SCR systems to reduce NO x emissions, which lead to acid rain Environmental Benefits Figure 3: Clean air quality. Source: NAFTC.

11 Did You Know? 11 Biodiesel is less toxic than table salt and biodegrades as fast as sugar. National Biodiesel Board, 2011

12 12  Supports U.S. agriculture and rural communities  According to National Biodiesel Board, the biodiesel industry is expected to create an additional 74,000 jobs by 2015  Will increase household income by $4 billion  Will generate nearly $7.3 billion in GDP Economic Benefits

13 13  U.S. is one of the greatest agricultural product exporters  Increased demand for transportation  Dependency of foreign oil to meet transportation demand  Use of existing agricultural production and infrastructure Energy Security Benefits

14 14 U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices Figure 4: U.S. gasoline prices versus crude oil prices. Source: EIA.

15 15  Renewable = can be produced and replenished  Energy balance = ratio of energy required to produce/distribute fuel compared to the amount of energy released when used  Very high energy balance compared to other fuels  3.2 units of renewable energy  Compared to diesel = 0.83 units Renewable Benefits

16 16 Biodiesel – Today and Tomorrow  Biodiesel has contributed to the domestic economy  Currently roughly 52,000 jobs in biodiesel industry  Currently 800 million gallons of biodiesel produced  Growing consumer popularity  Production of biodiesel to increase to 900 million gallons by 2015  Will support $7.3 million of GDP  Growth in fleets, school districts

17 17  Reduce children’s exposure to diesel exhaust and the amount of air pollution created by diesel school buses  School bus facts:  24 million children in the U.S. ride school buses daily  On average, students spend 1.5 hours on the school bus every day  School buses travel more than 4 billion miles each year  School buses may leave their engines idling near schools – this creates indoor and outdoor air pollution problems Clean School Bus Program

18 18 The Future of Biodiesel  Biodiesel will continue supplementing diesel technology  Higher blends available at fueling stations (from B5 to B20)  Changes at the pump – production increases, costs decrease  50/50 mixtures

19 19 Figure 5: U.S. biodiesel production, exports and consumption. Source: NAFTC.

20 20 Suggested Actions  Recognize that biodiesel is not ethanol  Become aware of what vehicles are capable of using biodiesel  Check for biodiesel emblem on vehicle  Become a biodiesel advocate  Check with school districts to see if cleaner energy is used in transportation  Encourage school board members and government officials to attend PRT workshops

21 21 Figure 7: Biofuel identification. Source: NAFTC. Figure 6: Diesel fuel cap. Source: NAFTC.

22 Did You Know? 22 There are roughly 450,000 public school buses in the United States; 390,000 are powered by diesel fuel. Source: EPA.

23 23 Upon completing this material, can you:  Describe how biodiesel may help improve public health?  Describe the benefits of biodiesel to the environment?  Explain how biodiesel may help stimulate the economy?  Describe what energy security is and how using biodiesel can help attain it?  Explain the future of biodiesel?  Explain the suggested actions to support biodiesel?

24 24 1. Give an example of a biodiesel vehicle that is successfully reducing carbon emissions. 2.True or False: Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel to go through the health effects tests under the Clean Air Act? 3.True or False: The key difference to remember about biodiesel and ethanol is that biodiesel is meant to run in gasoline engines, while ethanol will run in diesel engines. 4.True or False: The majority of diesel vehicle owners don’t realize that their car may run on biodiesel. Test Your Knowledge


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