Presentation on theme: "1. 2 Objectives Describe how electric drive vehicles may help improve public health Describe the benefits of electric drive vehicles to the environment."— Presentation transcript:
2 Objectives Describe how electric drive vehicles may help improve public health Describe the benefits of electric drive vehicles to the environment Explain how electric drive vehicles may help stimulate the economy Describe what energy security is and how using electric drive vehicles can help attain it Explain the future of electric drive vehicles Explain the suggested actions to support electric drive vehicles
3 No tailpipe emissions – effects of air pollution and global warming are lessened Electricity used is produced domestically Renewable sources can be used to generate the electricity needed Domestically produced electricity increases energy independence Why Consider Electric Drive?
4 Advantages of Electric Drive Best of both electric and conventional systems Range and efficiency can be improved EVs and conventional vehicles are essentially driven in the same manner All-electric systems do not produce any emissions (use grid power) Increased use = decreased reliance on foreign oil Low maintenance costs
5 Additional Points to Consider Battery life, charge time Electricity production may lead to emissions EV price vs. conventional vehicle price
6 Energy independence for the U.S. EVs produce no local emissions Health Environment Supports the U.S. economy Electric Drive Benefits
7 High air pollution levels negatively affect public health Vehicles that burn conventional fuels create emissions that add to these levels EVs produce fewer emissions, some produce no emissions at all Lower emissions = improved air quality Health Benefits
8 Fewer CO 2 emissions through increased efficiency Greenhouse gas emissions contribute to global warming – use of EVs would help reduce these emissions EV emissions vary by type BEVs produce no local emissions Environmental Benefits
9 EVs reduce fuel costs for consumers Advanced vehicle component sector employs 155,000 Americans Federal, state, local incentives help reduce the initial purchase price of EVs Economic Benefits
10 Did You Know? Many states, particularly California, have public access electric charging stations at libraries, shopping centers, hospitals, and businesses. Source: DOE.
11 Increased EV use = lessened reliance on foreign oil 94% of transportation in the U.S. utilizes oil as its fuel source Nearly half of U.S. oil consumption comes from foreign sources Utilization of EVs will reduce this reliance Energy Security Benefits
12 More technologically refined vehicles Recent BEV developments Many light-duty HEV options Some medium- and heavy-duty EVs are also available Medium- and heavy-duty applications may utilize diesel-electric hybrid systems Electric Drive – Today and Tomorrow
13 The Future of Electric Drive Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles Produces electricity while converting hydrogen and oxygen into water Platinum may be required for some components Hydrogen gas used to power fuel cell Do not require large batteries Figure 1: Mercedes-Benz F600 fuel cell prototype. Source: NAFTC.
14 The Future of Electric Drive Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles Fuel cell and fuel storage tank Onboard reformation Proton exchange membrane facilitates reaction Captures energy from chemical reaction Only byproduct is water and heat Figure 2: FCEV proton exchange membrane. Source: NAFTC.
15 Wireless Charging Can shorten charging times Electricity is sent through charging pad under vehicle Automatically charge the batteries when placed within a specified range of charger Operates at 240 volts, Level 2
16 Suggested Actions Federal and state incentives for the implementation of EVs Information can be obtained from local dealerships Limited range of current BEVs Extended range technologies must be developed
17 Upon completing this presentation, can you: Describe how electric drive vehicles may help improve public health? Describe the benefits of electric drive vehicles to the environment? Explain how electric drive vehicles may help stimulate the economy? Describe what energy security is and how using electric drive vehicles can help attain it? Explain the future of electric drive vehicles? Explain the suggested actions to support electric drive vehicles?
18 1. Give an example of an EV that is successfully reducing carbon emissions. 2.True or False: An extensive electrical grid acts as the distribution network. 3.True or False: There are many tax incentives for alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles. Test Your Knowledge