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Scramble for Africa Imperialism—the total economic, social, & political control of one territory by another—often used interchangeably with colonialism.

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Presentation on theme: "Scramble for Africa Imperialism—the total economic, social, & political control of one territory by another—often used interchangeably with colonialism."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Scramble for Africa Imperialism—the total economic, social, & political control of one territory by another—often used interchangeably with colonialism

3 Scramble for Africa Prior to 1875 little European interest in Africa –Coastal trading villages & remote outposts –Africa, especially the interior, existed as it always had Divided by tribal, ethnic, geographic groups Geography helped keep Europeans back

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5 Travelers Popularize Africa Dr. David Livingstone –Scottish missionary –Spent many years traveling in places Europeans only dreamed about –Disappeared and no one heard from him for several years

6 “Dr. Livingstone I presume.” Henry Stanley –NY reporter is sent to find Livingstone –People are fascinated by his reports, book becomes a best seller, Africa is popularized King Leopold of Belgium –Hires Stanley to set up a colony in Central Africa

7 Berlin Conference— European powers gather to set rules for colonizing –Must communicate where with other Europeans –Must be able to control No Africans present Begin carving out territories and setting boundaries

8 In your notebooks, complete the following statements— There were no African rulers present at the Berlin Conference because... The impact this fact had on the Europeans colonization of Africa was...

9 AF/AF01-01.htmlhttp://mappinghistory.uoregon.edu/english/ AF/AF01-01.html

10 Congo Free State (Democratic Republic of the Congo) worst symbol of European Imperialism “Free” meaning free trade –Ivory, rubber, precious metals In reality, Leopold set up a brutal colony controlled by force and terror –Leopold never even went there –Small minority of whites dominated blacks in order to exploit the resources –Belgians monopolized trade –Even other Europeans became critical of the harsh treatment of the natives

11 Economic Exploitation World wide increase in demand for rubber Usual high demand for ivory –Leopold used natives as slaves –Imprisoned and tortured as “incentive” to produce more –Profit directly to Leopold An employee in a British shipping company notices accounting problems Campaign begins to end atrocities

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13 Cecil Rhodes—British explorer and businessman, once said: I contend that we [Britons] are the first race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race. 1.What attitude is expressed in his quote? 1.How do you think people who share this attitude will treat the Africans? 1.Write a caption for the cartoon of Rhodes.

14 Cecil Rhodes the Social Darwinist What Africa? All I see is Britain Africa, you’re welcome The land of opportunity, for me at least I’m Cecil and I want Africa

15 Which slogan best reflects the point of view of Cecil Rhodes? 1.“Embrace African Diversity” 2.“Unite all Africa” 3.“From Constantinople to Cairo” 4.“Imperialism is a Glorious Pursuit”

16 Which was a major result of the struggle for Africa by European powers between the 1880’s and WWI? 1.The creation of arbitrary colonial borders 2.The strengthening of local village ties 3.An increase in tribal warfare 4.An increase in the slave trade

17 African Resistance Modern weapons limit success Strategic treaties divide rival tribes Algerians fight French for 50 years Zulu resist Dutch and British Menelik defeats Italians –Plays Europeans against each other –Gets modern weapons

18 Economic Exploitation Continues Diamonds Gold Other metals Peanuts Cocoa Coffee Oil

19 Pan Africanism 2 world wars and great depression weaken European powers –Can no longer support colonies Moral issues of racism & violent suppression also weaken positions Leaders educated in the West rise to prominence Nationalistic ideas spread to population

20 Effects of Imperialism Positive Reduced local wars Improved infrastructure Improved life, health care, literacy, water, medicine, education Negative undermined traditional tribal authority population strains resources Artificial boundaries separate tribes, clans, families Ethnic tension Cash crop Dependent on foreign markets

21 Effects of Imperialism PositiveNegative Undermined traditional jobs European laws and justice systems Loss of land Altered or destroyed cultures and traditional beliefs

22 Western Sahara Sierra Leone Cote D’Ivorie Dem. Rep. of Congo South Africa Rwanda Somalia Ethiopia & Eritrea Sudan Nigeria

23 Lasting Effects of Imperialism Borders—Nations –Former colonies –No history of democracy –Dictators & corruption –Civil wars –Tribal/ethnic conflict Population increases Resources not evenly distributed –Geography –Conflict/wars Famine Little economic investment in 3 rd world nations AIDS

24 North Africa & Suez Canal Culturally & ethnically distinct from sub Sahara Africa –Middle East France controls north western Africa Britain controls Egypt Built in 1869 Cut weeks off trip to Asia/India, lifeline of British Empire


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