Presentation on theme: "Quick and Painless! Or maybe long and painful?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Quick and Painless! Or maybe long and painful? Constitution NotesQuick and Painless!Or maybe long and painful?
2 The US Constitution was written by infallible people, from all walks of life, who knew everything about the future of the country and the world, and who possessed perfect answers to all of life’s problems.
3 The world never changes, our country is exactly the same today as it was when it was founded, people never get smarter, no one knows any more today than the first humans who existed nearly 200,000 years ago.
4 True or False?Why am I asking you this seemingly stupid question?
6 Adopted on September 17, 1787, by the Constitutional Congress in Philly. The main author was James Madison After ratification in eleven states (only needed nine) it went into effect on March 4, 1789.
7 The Preamble of the Constitution “We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”The purpose of the Preamble was simply to explain why they were creating a national government.
10 Checks and balances! Separation of Powers Legislative Executive Congress: House of Reps. & SenateExecutivePresident and the President’s peoplesJudicialThe Supreme Court and so onChecks and balances!
11 Separation of Powers Legislative – makes laws Senate: 2 from each state6-year termHouse of Representatives: based on population2-year term(5 slaves count as 3 people: Compromise!)Bicameral legislature(compromise due to conflict over representation)Implied v. Direct powersDirect = Declare war, Ability to tax, etc.Implied = Set a minimum wage, etc.
12 The Necessary and Proper Clause Also known as “The Elastic Clause”Congress (Legislative branch) shall have power to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper
13 Separation of Powers Executive – enforces laws Chief executive: President4-year termElected by the Electoral CollegeMust be a “natural born citizen” (born in the US)Commander-in-chiefPresident’s cabinetLaw enforcement: FBI
14 Separation of Powers Judicial – interprets laws and provides trials Supreme Court: states whether laws are constitutional9 Supreme Court JusticesLife-long termAppointed by PresidentAppellate court: hears appeals from district courtsDistrict court: tries people who break federal laws
20 Judicial ReviewLegislative and executive actions are subject to review (and possible invalidation) by the judiciaryIn other words, the courts can decide whether or not the government’s actions are constitutionalEstablished in Marbury v. Madison
24 Popular Sovereignty “We the people…” ! Government is legitimate only so far as it is supported by the consent of “the people”“The people” are the source of all political powerOf course, at the time, “the people” excluded most of the population, such as women, African Americans, Native Americans, those lacking sufficient property, and children. But we have come a long way since then!!!
26 Article V: Amendments!Additions and alterations can be made to the Constitution
27 Upcoming: The Bill of Rights After much debate, the compromise that finally resulted in the Anti-Federalists going along with the ratification of the Constitution was the promise to add a Bill of Rights.